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Citations (MLA & APA)

A Montgomery College Germantown Writing Center Workshop

Allison Hutchison

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Citations (MLA & APA)

Works Cited (MLA format)
Works Cited Page
After quoting, paraphrasing, and/or summarizing other authors in your essay, you will need to include a full works cited or reference page. Think of the reference page as the specific details about your works cited.
"Blueprint Lays Out Clear Path for Climate Action."
Environmental Defense Fund. Environmental Defense Fund, 8 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.

Clinton, Bill. Interview by Andrew C. Revkin. “Clinton
on Climate Change.” New York Times. New York Times, May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.
A Writing Center Workshop
Citations (MLA & APA)
Avoid plagiarism: This is the biggest reason to cite your work. Academic dishonesty is taken seriously at all colleges, and violating this policy can result in various consequences, such as a grade of F on the assignment.
Show your professor you can follow directions
Allow readers to verify your research
Why cite sources?
Appear in parenthesis after a direct quotation or a paraphrased/summarized sentence.

“The source is introduced by a signal phrase that names its author.
The material being cited is followed by a page number in parentheses” (Rules for Writers 416).
In-text Citations
ITCs generally contain author’s last name and page number, or year of publication if a page number is not available.
Direct quotation: Taking the author’s original words and enclosing them in double quotation marks. This is to differentiate your words from the author’s words.
NOTE: If you don’t use quotation marks around the author’s original words, YOU ARE PLAGIARIZING!
In-text Citations Continued
Citations serve as a map to your sources. The in-text citation is like the key to your map. It allows the audience to match up the material you presented in the essay with the references on the works cited or reference page.
What is an in-text citation?
Brief information about the source that appears in parenthesis
APA: (Rollins, p. 168)
MLA: (Rollins 168)
Incomplete sentence: When Dr. Martin Luther King said, “I have a dream.”
Complete sentence: Dr. Martin Luther King announced to the audience in his famous 1963 speech, “I have a dream.”
When using direct quotations, make sure you introduce the author and his/her work to the audience first. Also, make sure you’ve written a complete sentence, including the direct quotation.
EXAMPLE: Garment tags are a works cited of sorts for a piece of clothing. The garment tag on the neckline/waistline includes the brand name and size of the clothing.
The tag on the seam has all the specific details, such as where the garment was made, what materials were used, and how to wash the garment.
General Rules for the Works Cited Page
Who? When? What? Where?
Alphabetize list by author’s last names
Double space the list and use a hanging indent
Refer to handouts for specific differences between MLA and APA formatting
Publish date
Info Location
(ex: website URL)
References (APA format)
Coalition defines clear path for climate action.
(2007, May 8). Retrieved September 16, 2013, from Environmental Defense Fund website: http://www.edf.org/climate/coalition-defines-clear-path-climate-action
Dolan, R. J., & Vuilleumier, P. (2003). Amygdala
automaticity in emotional processing. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 985, 348–355.
In addition, the Writing Center has handouts and a copy of "Rules for Writers" available.
Here are some helpful resource websites:
“The source is introduced by a signal phrase that includes the last names of the authors followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
The material being cited is followed by a page number in parenthesis” (Rules for Writers, 2009, p. 480).
Full transcript