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Industrial Revolution and Protest Movemts

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by

Emma Vi

on 20 June 2014

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution and Protest Movemts

Luddites
The Luddites:
1811-1817
Protesters: English artisans
Opposed to technological change
Protested against newly developed labour-saving machinery
Movement can be seen as part of a rising tide of English working-class discontent in the early 19th century
Protest Movements
Industrial Revolution
What is the Industrial Revolution?
New Oxford Dictionary
"The rapid development of an industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th century and early 19th century, brought about the introduction to new machinery"
The industrial Revolution refers to both to the changes that occurred and the period itself.
Industrial Revolution
What was produced from the industrial revolution:
Water power was replaced by coal-fire steam engines.
First steam engine came on in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen, though the idea was improved by James Watt.
Spinning jenny (machinery) replaced domestic industry with workers who were employed in factories.
Children at young ages were forced to work in factories and mine.
The death rate increased
The first slums were created during this revolution
French Revolution
Began in 1789 and ended in 1799
it was a period of radical social and political disruption in France
The French revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals, particularly the concepts of popular sovereignty and inalienable right.
People in the 3rd estate were angry at the lack of equality and demanded individual rights for equal representation
Although it failed to achieve all its goals and a times degenerated into chaotic bloodbath, the movement played a critical role in shaping modern nations.
By: Emma and Michelle
Industrial Revolution and Protest Movements
When, where & What:
Began in England
Early 18th century
England became the industrial center of the world
New technology began to arise
The people involved in Luddism, were usually violent.
Hand weavers did not want the introduction of power looms.
Minor Protests:
'Reformers': Where people protesting against child labour
Pentrich Rebellion, 1817: Small group of rebels planned to over throw the government of England
Swing Riots, 1830: Similar to the Luddites, they were agricultural workers protesting against new machinery for farming.
Cholera Riots, 1831: The riots were directed against the authority and doctors.
How does this relate to Frankenstein
Mary Shelly explores the dangers involved when science oversteps the boundaries of human potential
She critiques the era through ideas presented in the novel

"Powerful engine"
"Supremely frightful would be the effect of any human endeavour to mock the stupendous mechanism of the Creator of the world"
Full transcript