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Problem Solution Project

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Alex Krahling

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of Problem Solution Project

Education Solution Statement Teen Pregnancy The aim of this education is to increase the frequency of usage of proper contraceptives. Restating the Issue -The most successful means of sex education – both in the U.S. & globally – has been comprehensive sex education.

-Students are made aware of the repercussions of unprotected sex as well as teen pregnancy itself. Restating the Issue Despite declining teen pregnancy rates, there are still improvements that can be made to provide proper sex education to the youth of our nation to further decrease the prevalence of teen pregnancy. Restating the Issue According to, Robert Rector, “abstinence-only sex education programs reduces teen sexual activity and thus, reduces teenage pregnancy.” Opposing Views In a House Bill 363 requires schools that do teach sex education to teach "abstinence only."
According to the bill, "Human sexuality instruction or instructional programs shall teach and stress: the importance of abstinence from all sexual activity before marriage." Abstinence Only However, many teens choose to forgo contraception because they are grossly misinformed about how effective it is. According to the Centers for Disease Control, about one third of teen mothers decided not to use birth control when they became sexually active because they just didn’t believe they could get pregnant. According to a study done by Felicia Brown-Williams and Jennifer Heitel Yakush in 2010, Mississippi has the highest teen birth rate in the country. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released the 2011 Mississippi Youth Risk Behavior Survey in last June. The report revealed what Mississippians already know -- teens are having sex. 58% of high school aged students have had intercourse (and 75% of seniors) -- 12% before the age of 13 -- and 35% of high schoolers used no protection. Phil Bryant believes abstinence-only is the best approach to teaching young people about sex.

He also believes that although most adolescents do know how to obtain and use contraception, “the problem is teenagers do not care enough” about using birth control. Mississippi and Abstinence-Only Sex Education 15% of those surveyed think abstinence-only is the best way to teach
46% want to see an “abstinence-plus” approach.
36% believe that responsible choices in sex should be emphasized. Kaiser Foundation In middle school, males and females are equally as likely to receive info about contraception in middle school

The males become less likely to receive this education than females if they do not receive this information until high school. Some Stats
About 1/3 of teenagers have never received formal instruction on the use of contraceptives

Most awareness about teen pregnancy comes in high school, as opposed to middle school Guttmacher Info Among teens who 15-19:
Currently, 96% of females and 97% of males receive sex education before they are 18.
81% of males and 87% of females are taught to “say no”
Most students are taught abstinence between 6 and 8 grade. Sex Education in America One study has shown that the most common factors that contribute to teen pregnancy are:
Socioeconomic status
Cultural Influence
Access to Contraceptives Cause of Teen Pregnancy In the state, the least frequently taught topics are emergency contraceptives, condoms, and contraceptives in general

66% of surveyed teachers with that they could teach more than they are right now. Teachers in Minnesota Aside from school, students state that parents, peers, and media as the main sources of information.
Main problem is that many of these sources are inaccurate. Who teaches them? There has been a positive correlation between abstinence only education and pregnancy Teenagers have a perception that they know better than to end up in problematic situations
Of teens who ended up pregnant, 53% had said previously there was a “0% chance” they would ever end up in that situation. Teens and Risk Mrs. Garrahan believes that there should be gender specific classes offered in every high school
Myths should be addressed
Also believes there should be a parent-kid night required This school is a transition school for disabled students ages 18-21
The school now offers a family life class after increasing amount of parents enrolled
This class educates students on the responsibilities that come along with parenthood Latoya Garrahan – Social Worker at St. Paul Transition school Mrs. Bade believes that students should have sex ed through out high school
Current curriculum is not enough – however she still feels that students benefit from it
Mrs. Bade also believes that teen pregnancy is an issue at Como High School Classroom methods include: lecture, guest speakers, small group discussions, role plays
No longer have teen moms come in to speak; the program ran out of money
Offers an anonymous question box – students put questions in there and she discusses them during class Como High School provides Comprehensive Sex education
Only required 2 semesters in sophomore year
The sex ed curriculum is only reviewed by the district yearly – changes made as necessary MaryClare Bade – Health teacher at Como High School in St. Paul Interviews Authorization for $50 million in new mandatory teen pregnancy prevention grants to states, tribes, and territories.
25% to testing According to The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, they state that for President Obama’s budget for FY 2010 he put a total of $178 million for a new teen pregnancy prevention initiative. Have there been any attempts to fix it? According to Teachingsexualhealth.ca, they believe that one should divide out lesson plans by either grade or topic. The grades start at grade 4 and go up to grade 12. Teachingsexualhealth.ca According to Planned Parenthood, “medically accurate sexuality education would be taught each year in our schools from pre-K through 12th grade.” The things learned each year would build off of what the students learned the previous year. Planned Parenthood Different Teaching Styles Tom Sherrington Far too many teen fathers fall into the all too common position of being a non-existent father in their child’s life. It is a cycle that ultimately leads to a higher prevalence of teen fathers unprepared for the commitment and responsibility associated with raising a child – something that can most effectively be combatted by making the topic something of importance in the home. Male Attitudes & Responsibility -Families must place a renewed emphasis on instilling values in their young men that focus on responsibility for their actions as it pertains to their role in a pregnancy.

-A study involving urban males with a father figure in their life, as well as those without one showed that those without a father figure in their life were at a much higher disposition to father a child in their teenage years. Male Attitudes & Responsibility -Traditionally speaking, efforts to reduce unplanned teenage pregnancy have focused predominantly on young women; the ones who are to carry the child to term.

-While it is undeniable that the brunt of a teenage pregnancy is on the young woman, this does not mean that they should be the exclusive focus of education efforts to prevent these types of pregnancies. Male Attitudes & Responsibility This research that was found created an increased interest in the effects of interventions that target the social troubles that are associated with early pregnancy and parenthood. How the problem
(lack of education & teen pregnancy)
has impacted people “The overall pooled effect size showed that teenage pregnancy rates were 39% lower among individuals receiving an intervention than in those receiving standard practice or no intervention (relative risk 0.61; 95% confidence interval 0.48 to 0.77)” BMJ- Teenage Pregnancy and Social Disadvantage Teens who received comprehensive sex education were 50 percent less likely to experience pregnancy than those who received abstinence-only education. Comprehensive Sex Ed Facts Almost 20% of teens who took the misjudged the effectiveness of the contraceptive patch or ring.
25% believed that emergency contraception causes abortion Statistics A nationwide survey conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation and Seventeen Magazine revealed considerable gaps in teens’ knowledge. The survey found that many teens hold misconceptions about contraceptives. Statistics Even though the birth rate for teenagers fell to 40.4 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19 in 2005, the lowest in 65 years, the United States continues to have the highest teenage birth rate of any of the world’s developed nations Statistics The federal government has invested more than $1.5 billion in state and federal dollars since 1997 into prescriptive abstinence-only programs. Many of those were shown to be ineffective Putting it all together... Cause: Improper Education
Effect: Teen Pregnancy *Comprehensive sex education is the best way to combat teen pregnancy* Want to take action for change? Visit advocatesforyouth.org The End Any Questions? Teen Mom Statistics Comprehensive Sex Ed Facts 40% delayed sexual initiation, reduced the number of sexual partners, or increased condom or contraceptive use.
30% reduced the frequency of sex, including a return to abstinence.
60 percent reduced unprotected sex. Fact or Myth? The only way to get government help is if you are pregnant or have a child Less than 2 percent of teen moms earn a college degree by age 30 About 5% of teen moms have a second child within 24 months of their first baby.
8 out of 10 teen dads don’t marry the mother of their child. "I think teens are not educated enough the right way. People only talk about abstinence... they should take BIRTH CONTROL and know the right way to take it. That's the reason I got pregnant- because I did not take my birth control the right way. If I would have not doubled up my pill more than 2x a month I do not think I would have my son. And if I would have waited more than a month with the Nueva ring [to have sex] I would not have my daughter. FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR BIRTH CONTROL" "The hardest thing is knowing I cannot just decide to leave. I hope this doesn't make me sound like I’m a bad mom but there are times when I think I wish I could be like other people and just go out and party like I use to and stay up all night go out after work and not worry about doing laundry and washing bottles, but then I look at my kids and say I’m glad I have them." MS Governor Phil Bryant on Sex Ed. HB 999 HB 999 is a house bill passed in MS in 2012

This bill requires all local schools to implement either abstinence-only or abstinence-plus sex education into their schools.

The bill bans demonstration of proper condom use. Abstinence-only education is religiously biased and often uses scare tactics.

“. . .in religious communities — a full 80% of Evangelicals report having sex at least once before marriage — or anywhere else.” According to the 2011 report from the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, "A nine-year, $8-million evaluation of federally funded abstinence-only-until-marriage programs found that these programs have no beneficial impact on young people's sexual behavior." Our Solution Comprehensive
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