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Space

The Solar System Y6
by

Margarita Leivers

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Space

The Sun is the largest object in the solar system
The sun in Latin is Sol
The Sun was first formed about 5 billion years ago within a vast cloud of gas and dust that became the galaxy we call the Milky Way
The Sun has spots which in fact are darker areas which are slightly cooler than the rest of the Sun's surface The Solar System Mercury Earth Jupiter Saturn Uranus On Mercury, you would weigh about 1/3 of your weight on Earth
Mercury is the closest planet to the sun The largest planet Uranus spins on a horizontal axis Neptune Venus Mars The only planet by Natasha Leivers Called a morning star because it shines brightly in the morning before the sun rises
Mercury is denser than most other planets, as it is made mainly of iron
It has no atmosphere
It is larger than the Earth`s moon
A day on Mercury is about 58 Earth days long, but a year on Mercury is only 88 Earth days. So 2 days is longer than a year! Venus is the same size as the Earth Venus is said to be the Earth`s sister A highly toxic and a very hot place 107 million km 1 day = 243.16 Earth days 449ºC Has global warming too
Venus has volcanoes
Venus is the closest planet to Earth so it is the brightest planet in the sky -184ºC 57 million km In Greek mythology, the Earth`s name was Gaea. 123 C Mars once had rivers, streams, lakes, and an ocean Also referred as 'The Red Planet' 229 million km 150 million km 1 day = 23 hrs 56 min 7.2ºC 1 day = 24 hrs 38 min Mars has two moons Mars has higher mountains, and deeper canyons than any other planet The biggest volcano on Mars is Olympus Mons, which is nearly 3 times higher than Mount Everest 1 day = 9 hrs 55 min 153ºC 777 million km The Earth could fit inside Jupiter more than 1000 times Jupiter has faint rings that has visible rings 1 day = 10 hrs 13 min 1,429 million km 184ºC Saturn is the least dense planet in our Solar System It's rings are 169,800 miles wide Is an extremely cold planet Uranus also has rings but Uranus has 27 moons. Five of these moons are large and the rest are smaller -184ºC 1 day = 17.2 Earth hrs 2,871 million km Discovered by Johann Galle and Heinrich D'Arrest in 1846 Not much was known about Neptune until it was visited by the spacecraft Voyager 2 on August 25, 1989 In Neptune's atmosphere, there is a large white cloud that moves around rather quickly called The Scooter Neptune is a very windy place. No other planet in the Solar System has winds that are as strong as Neptune's -184ºC 1 day = 16 hrs 15 min 4,496 million km Saturn has 53 official moons and 9 provisional moons Saturn has 7 rings in all In between the gaps of the rings is where each of Saturn's moon's orbit Sun The diameter of the Earth is 7,926 miles About 30% of the Earth's surface is covered with land, while about 70% is ocean not as long as Saturn's The circumference measured around the equator is 24,901 miles. 1 day = 58.6461 Earth days
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