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Introduction to Matter

Introduction to Matter. Resources: Modern Chemistry- Holt, Rinehart, and Winston
by

Renee Robinson

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to Matter

Matter!
Physical properties
Chemical properties
Characteristics of materials that can be observed without changing the substance
Physical Change
Intensive
Extensive
Properties that do not depend on the amount of matter present
Color
Odor
Luster
Malleability
Ductility
Conductivity
Hardness
Melting/Freezing Point
Boiling Point
Density
Properties that do depend on the amount of matter present
Mass
Weight
Volume
Length
Changes only the physical properties but not the chemical character
properties characteristic of a substance that are involved in chemical changes
observed only when a substance undergoes a
Chemical Change
Chemical Change
a change in a material where new substances with new properties are formed
How can we tell a chemical change has occurred?
To prove a chemical reaction has occurred you must look for one of these 4 things!
1)Color Change
2)Precipitate has formed
3)Release or absorbtion of energy
4)A gas is produced
Chemical Properties:
Never Trust an atom... They make up Everything!!
Mixtures
A mixture is a blend of two or more types of matter, each retaining it's own properties and identity.
Two types of Mixtures
Homogeneous - Same throughout the mixture, cannot see different components (even though they are there). Also called solutions!
Heterogeneous - Different throughout the mixture, can see the different components.
Pure Substances
Pure substances have a fixed composition. They differ from a mixture in two ways
1. Every sample of a given pure substance has exactly the same characteristic properties
2. Every sample of a given pure substance has exactly the same composition
Pure substances are either
Elements - anything on the periodic table!! (Hydrogen, Nitrogen, etc...
Compounds - can be decomposed, or broken down, into two or more simpler compounds or elements by a chemical change (Water, Salt, etc...)
Matter can exist in different states...
Solid
Definite Shape!
Definite Volume
Cannot Compress
Liquid
Definite Volume
No definite shape
Takes the shape of it's container
Cannot Compress
GAS
No definite Shape
Fills it's container
No definite volume
Can compress!
Plasma
Plasma is a high-temperature physical state of matter in which atoms lose their electrons
Fire
Light in a fluorescent bulb
All matter has properties that we use for identification/classification...
There are Physical properties and Chemical properties

We also have ways of identifying when a change has occurred in matter (of course you must first now all the physical and chemical properties)

There are physical changes and Chemical Changes

Mrs. Robinson - 2013
Full transcript