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Transcript of Logistic Corridor
IMT- GT (Growth Triangle)
the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS)
Three Economic Corridors
North-South Economic Corridor (NSEC)
IMT- GT (Growth Triangle)
In 1993, the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand agreed on an initiative to accelerate economic transformation among three countries in Southern Thailand, Northern Malaysia and Sumatra in Indonesia under “the Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle”(IMT-GT). The IMT-GT was establish by former leader of these three countries, Chuan Leekpai Former Prime Minister of Thailand, Mahathir Mohamad Former Prime Minister of Malaysia, and Suharto Former President of Indonesia for improve economic in Growth Triangle that their geographic is proximity, including there are close historical, culture, and linguistic ties.
2007-2011 defined the strategies in 5 strategic trusts
A transport corridor
is a generally linear
area that is defined
by one or more modes of transportation like
or public transit which
share a common course
Corridor that physically links an area or region
through the integration of various modes of transport.
Corridor that harmonises the corridor institutional framework to failitate the efficient movement and storage of freight, people and ralated in formation.
Corridior that is able to attract investment and generate
economic activities along the less developed area or
region.Physical linkages and logistics facilitation
must be in place in the corridor as a prerequisite.
4 countries of quadrangle collaboration
Characteristic of Quadrangle
4 countries in South East Asia which have boarder connection , and pass along with Mekong river.
Quadrangle established on 1993
The aim is to develop
the international economy
to increase the power to
Developing project plan of 4 countries
[ 1st considering ]
Tour & Travel
Multimodal Transport Corridor
On 27-28 May 1993 , there are first meeting of four countries and ADB about developing the transportation between four countries.
Route link Thailand with Myanmar
Chiang Rúng - Chiang Rai
Route Thailand - Myanmar - China
Route Thailand - Laos - China.
Route chiang-kŏng (Chiang Rai)
Route hûay gŏhn (Nan)
Thailand, Myanmar, Laos and southern China have agreements with maritime commerce in the upper Mekong for the boat trip is free. They have form and the rules are clear and in order to promote trade and tourism. By signed on 20 April 2543.
Open to commercial navigation on the Mekong River on one year after the date of signing the Agreement. To be able to sail freely since Simao in China reach Luang Prabang in Laos.
To open ports along the Mekong River on 14 sites
Member States shall act with ship other Member States. Like Most-Favored-Nation
This Agreement enforce 5 years and automatically renew the agreement for 3 years per times.
On 18 – 21 January 1994 at Kunming in China. There are meeting about air transportation between four countries in order to Thai airline can service to Chiang-rung, Chiang-Tung and Luangprabang
Thai Airways Company has a policy to Chiang Mai International Airport is the aviation hub of the upper northern to link in the neighboring country.
1.Kolkata and Chittagong, Bangladesh.
2.Bagan, Mandalay and Yangon, Myanmar.
3.Chengdu, Kunming and Jing Hong, China.
5.Luang Prabang and Vientiane, Laos.
Equally important is establishing physical infrastructure that could help link the GMS countries more closely together, providing the means to facilitate cross-border movement of peoples and goods.
In August 1994, there are meeting of four countries to developing about tourism and conserve the cultures of each countries, thereby enhancing trade and increasing labor mobility.
launched in 1992 under the Asian Development Bank (ADB) that is the sponsorship
area : covering 2.6 million square kilometers
a combined population of around 326 million
Consist of 6 countries; Cambodia, Laos (LDR), Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam and China (Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region)
East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC)
Southern Economic Corridor (SEC)
GMS Transport Cooperation (1992-2005)
Create cross-border access
Route 9 in Lao PDR
Second Mekong International Bridge assisted by the Government of Japan
Upgrading of regional/international airports in key cities/town
Facilitate cross-border traffic
Cambodia-Viet Nam inland water navigation Improvement of sea ports
Cambodian section of the Phnom Penh-Ho Chi Minh City Highway Improvement Project
Institutional arrangements: Subregional Transport Forum – very active
Recent developments (priority projects):
Opening of Second Mekong International Bridge –EWEC completion
Agreement on North-South Economic Corridor(NSEC) International Bridge
Preparation of Hanoi-Lao Cai Expressway proceeding on schedule
Approval of 2 railway projects by ADB –
Cambodia Railway – along the Southern Economic Corridor
Lao Cai-Yen Vien (Hanoi) Railway – along the SEC
GMS Transport Sector Strategy endorsed
For example , The Southern Economic Corridor (R1) linked between Thai , Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Stage : Logistics
In 3 economic corridors is connecting route of each country in GMS, It reduces transit times
GMS Cross Border Transport Agreement
To eliminate barriers to cross-border transport in the GMS
An agreement that facilitates the crossing of goods
Facilitate cross-border movement of people
Exchange of Traffic Rights
To facilitate cross-border formalities
Single Stop Inspection (SSI)
Stage : Economic
Linking Corridors is causes expansion of the city and Exclusive Economic Zone. Expansion of trade and investment.
Mae Sot - Myawaddy
Nong Khai - Laos - Koh Kong – Cambodia
Vietnam's economic growth more than 100%
In domestic of Thailand growth about 0-50%
Many provinces in the path of GMS. Land prices increase more than 1000%
Vision and Goal
The IMT-GT envisions a seamless, progressive, prosperous and peaceful sub region with improved quality of life. This will contribute to the realization of an ASEAN Economic Community(AEC) by 2020.To realize this vision, the IMT-GT want to accelerate private sector-led economic growth and help facilitate the development of the sub region as a whole. Its objective, as stated in the Roadmap for Development 2007-2011, is to increase intra-IMT-GT and inter-IMT-GT trade and investment. Substantial improvement in physical connectivity of the IMT-GT sub regions is expected by 2011, with a number of road, airport and port projects being completed. Much closer collaboration between the public and private sectors, and participation of provincial and state governments in the process, are expected to be achieved within the Roadmap implementation period.
The IMT-GT consists (begin)
5 provinces in southern Thailand:
Songkhla, Yala, Satun, Pattani, Narathiwat
4 northern states of Peninsular Malaysia:
Kedah, Perak, Perlis, Penang
2 provinces of Sumatra, Indonesia:
Aceh, north sumatra
The IMT-GT consists (present)
14 provinces in southern Thailand:
8 northern states of Peninsular Malaysia:
10 provinces of Sumatra, Indonesia:
Krabi, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Narathiwat, Pattani, Phattalung, Satun, Songkhla, Trang, Yala, Chumphon, Ranong, Surat Thani, Phang Nga, and Phuket
Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Penang, Perak, Perlis, and Selangor
Aceh, Bangka-Belitung, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, North Sumatra, Riau, Riau Islands, South Sumatra, and West Sumatra.
Beginning of IMT-GT
Just physically links three country.
focused on approaches and the studies on development framework
accelerated the implementation of cooperation and expanded the areas of cooperation
Add provinces in southern Thailand from 5 to 14 provinces
Add northern states of Peninsular Malaysia from 4 to 8 states
provinces of Sumatra, Indonesia from 2 to 10 provinces
adjusted strategies and practices to strengthen and tighten the cooperation by focusing on bringing into practice.
Some movement of freight example, rubber and Fishery Products.
IMT-GT Roadmap for Development
5 strategic trusts
1) facilitation and promotion of intra- and inter- IMT-GT trade and investment
2) promotion of agriculture, agro-industry and tourism
3) strengthening of infrastructure support and connectivity
4) addressing human resources development and natural resource management concerns
5) strengthening institutional support and public-private sector collaboration
According to the IMT-GT Roadmap 2007-2011
It had identified 5 economic corridors which are,
1) Songkhla-Penang-Medan Economic Corridor
2) Straits of Melaka Economic Corridor
3) Banda Aceh-Medan-Pekanbaru-Palembang Economic Corridor
4) Melaka-Dumai Economic Corridor
5) Ranong-Phuket-Aceh Economic Corridor
5 economic corridors
Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS)