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Pride and Prejudice

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by

Elizabeth Monk

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of Pride and Prejudice

Jane receives news that Bingley has left Netherfield and that he intends to marry Darcy's sister
(Elizabeth later finds out that Darcy contributed to preventing Jane and Bingley's marriage)

Elizabeth receives several warnings regarding Wickham... (Mrs. Gardiner)
He has a new love interest, Miss King, who just inherited a large amount of fortune
Elizabeth goes to visit Charlotte and Mr. Collins who lives in Hunsford.
Darcy is also in Hunsford, visiting his aunt. He and his cousin, Colonel Fitzwilliam, visit Elizabeth frequently. (Charlotte believes Fitzwilliam is in love with Elizabeth)
Darcy proposes to Elizabeth. However, his proposal is full of arrogance and contempt for her place in society
Elizabeth rejects, stating that she would not marry him even if he were the last man on the earth
She accuses him for separating Jane and Bingley, and for his ill behavior in regards to Wickham
The following day, he gives her a long letter that answers all her accusations
After reading the letter, Elizabeth regrets her initial trust for Wickham and sees Darcy in a new light
Pride and Prejudice
Characters
Mr.&Mrs.Bennet
The parents of five (unmarried) daughters
Lives in Longbourn, Hertfordshire (main setting of the novel)
Modest income
Their property is to be inherited by their nephew
Mrs. Bennet's sole purpose in life is to marry off her daughters (preferably-rich men)
She is insensible and lacks class
Jane Bennet
The eldest daughter
Beautiful, but modest and shy
Always tries to see the best in people
Elizabeth Bennet
Mr. Bingley
Wealthy
Buys Netherfield Park, an estate near where the Bennets live
Charming, social, and well-liked
Comes to Netherfield with his two sisters
Falls in love with Jane Bennet
Mr. Darcy
Best friend of Mr. Bingley
Also wealthy
Handsome, but unpleasant
His proud and arrogant disposition changes after falling in love with Elizabeth Bennet
So it begins...
The novel begins with the Bennet family discussing the arrival of Mr. Bingley, a young, wealthy gentleman who purchases Netherfield Park, a nearby estate
Mrs. Bennet sees this as the perfect opportunity to marry off one of her daughters (particularly the eldest daughter, Jane)
Soon after Mr. Bingley's arrival, a ball is held in Meryton, a neighboring town
Much to Mrs. Bennet's excitement, Mr.Bingley is attracted to Jane, and invites her to dance with him
twice
At the ball are also his two sisters and Mr. Darcy, who is despised for his pride (though he is handsome)
Mr. Bingley suggests that Mr. Darcy dance with Elizabeth, but he refuses, saying that she is tolerable but not beautiful enough to hold his attention
Elizabeth overhears this conversation, and develops prejudice towards Darcy
Darcy begins to find himself attracted to Elizabeth. At the next ball, he asks her for a dance but she refuses
Her refusal arouses his interest further
Secret admirer
Jane & Mr. Bingley
Jane and Mr. Bingley are drawn to each other- the Bingleys invite Jane to Netherfield
Mrs. Bennet sends Jane by horse rather than coach, knowing that it will rain and hoping that Jane will have to spend the night at the Bingleys' estate
The outcome is even better than she had anticipated-Jane is soaked, falls ill, and must remain at Netherfield until she recovers
Elizabeth goes to visit her, walking over on foot. She arrives with soiled shoes and clothes and the Bingleys judge her for this unladylike action
Jane insists that her sister spend the night
Elizabeth and Darcy?
While at Netherfield, Elizabeth is forced to spend time with Darcy.
Darcy is charmed by Elizabeth’s frankness, wit, and intelligence
Miss Bingley (Mr. Bingley's unmarried sister) is jealous of Darcy's attention toward Elizabeth, and tries (unsuccessfully) to impress him
During her time at Netherfield, Elizabeth realizes that the Bingley women regard the Bennet family as inferior in their wealth and social status
Complications
The heir of the Bennets' property, Mr. Collins, pays a visit to Longbourn with the intent of marrying one of their daughters
After being informed of Jane's possible engagement with Bingley, Mr. Collins proposes to Elizabeth
Much to her mother's dismay, she rejects him
Mr. Collins later marries Elizabeth's best friend, Charlotte Lucas
Elizabeth instead grows fond of Mr. Wickham, a soldier she met at Meryton
Mr. Wickham tells her about a conflict between him and Mr. Darcy...
She instantly believes him, and almost falls in love with him-in the meantime, her dislike of Mr. Darcy grows
Drama
The truth
Darcy proposes to Elizabeth
The other Bennets
~Story line~
Historical timeline
Gender Roles
Education for girls was thought to be a waste of time-only a few wealthy families provided education for their daughters
For women, life was largely restricted to the home and the family
"Ladies"of the upper-classes did not do any household work and thus lived a life of leisure
Main concern for women: society, children, and marriage
Accumulation of wealth within the family became increasingly important in British culture- daughters were a means for families to gain wealth
Jane Austen (1775-1817)
Setting of the novel
Set in the fictional towns of England
Hertfordshire, England (Primarily Longbourn)
19th century (Napoleonic Wars)
Characters are rural middle and upper class
Although the Industrial Revolution began to take place, wealth and power lay in the hands of the landed gentry
Scandal
Hidden savior
Elizabeth realizes that her feelings for Darcy have changed- she would accept if he were to propose again, but thinks it unlikely
Mrs. Gardiner (who has sensed that Darcy has feelings for Elizabeth) informs Elizabeth that it was Darcy who paid Wickham to facilitate their marriage: he had made Mr. Gardiner keep this a secret
Alliance
The Netherfield clan returns
Mr. Bingley is in love with Jane more than ever- the happy couple is engaged
Theres is a rumor that Darcy and Elizabeth are soon to be engaged
Lady Catherine hears this and is outraged. Elizabeth responds,
"I am only resolved to act in that manner, which will, in my own opinion, constitute my happiness, without reference to you, or to any person so wholly unconnected with me."
(pg. 323-324)
Darcy does indeed propose to Elizabeth for the second time
This time she happily accepts
Happy endings (for some)
Jane and Bingley- live in Derbyshire
Elizabeth developes an amiable relationship with Darcy's sister
Mrs. Bennet is overjoyed that three of her daughters are now married (and two husbands are rich) but remains insensible as she was before
Lydia and Wickham contiunously harass the Bingleys and beg Elizabeth and Darcy for money
Elizabeth and Darcy maintain a close relationship with the Gardiners
Now that Elizabeth has her prejudice, and Darcy is no longer inhibited by his pride, the two are free to accept each other fully.
Themes
Importance
Language
By: Elizabeth Monk, Ayaka Yoshikawa, Katharina Fox, and Jaylin Pinkney
Born on December 16, 1775
Became of age in the resort town of Bath
Well educated as a gentlewoman- French & Italian, singing & piano, literature
She faced many social pressures common to women of the time.
Never married, despite several proposals
The early version of Pride and Prejudice was written by the time she was 22 years old.
From a young age, Jane Austen wrote satires, mysteries, fantasies, and romances. Later, she began to write about the English life.
Despite her success, Jane Austin was noted to be reserved.
However, she was unafraid of voicing her opinions, and often did so with a sense of humor.
c. 1810 by Jane Austen's sister Cassandra
Second daughter
Nickname: "Lizzy"
Mr. Bennet's favorite
Intelligent and witty
Very close to Jane
Protagonist of the novel
Realistic and formal
Though it deals with love, tone is not emotional but practical
Sarcasm
"It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife"
Austen was the first novelist to portray realistic characters by using method of telling a story in which dialogue and comment take an important place.
1776
-The start of the American Revolution (Declaration of Independence signed)
1789
:French Revolution starts
1793–1815
: Napoleonic Wars (one of the most significant conflicts in British history)
->Financial instability & censorship
1811
: The Regency Period officially began- development of the arts and sciences- the beginning of industrialization in England
Outside of the world we see in
Pride and Prejudice
, 1/3of the country’s population lived on the verge of starvation
Food riots and "machine breaking" erupted- the government responded with repressive measures (limited freedom of speech)
Love
: the central idea of the novel
Infatuation- Lydia
True love- Jane, Elizabeth
Monetary incentive- Charlotte
Class
: identifies families and can lead to the demise of relationships- The Bennet family is looked down on by the upper class characters (Bingleys, Lady Catherine)
Marriage
: crucial to the female experience
Kat and Lydia obsess over the soldiers at Meryton and Mrs. Bennet encourages them
Much of the Bennet sisters' conversation revolve around this topic
Mary
Studious and a hardworker
Plain in comparison to the other Bennet sisters
Kitty
Frivolous and infatuated with the soldiers at a nearby town (Meryton)
Lydia
Also obsessed with males
Self-centered and shallow
Oblivious of the consequences that her poor decisions have on others

Pride and Prejudice
was unique among the Romantic (emotional) and Gothic (horror) works of the period
It is considered one of the first realist novels in England-
Objective narrator
Complex characters
Realistic description of the domestic life
Showcased a strong, female character, which was very uncommon for the time period
Lydia is invited to spend the summer in Brighton with the wife of a colonel
Despite Elizabeth's objections, Mr. Bennet obliges to Lydia's wish
Elizabeth is staying with the Gardiners near Darcy's estate at Pemberley
She receives news that Lydia has eloped and run away with Wickham, and that the couple may not yet be married
The reputation of the family is at stake
The elusive couple is found
Wickham will marry Lydia if he is paid a small income
Mrs. Bennet is thrilled by this arrangement
Mr. Collins is employed by Lady Catherine DeBourgh
She is Mr.Darcy's aunt who is an overbearing and disagreeable woman who judges those who fail to conform to society's ideals
We later discover that Lady Catherine's daughter and Darcy are intended to marry

~Side notes~
Appearance vs. reality
: people cannot be properly judged by their exterior
The society in Pride and Prejudice judges based on adherence to societal guidelines (Darcy initially rejects the idea of his affection toward Elizabeth because of their difference in the social hierarchy)
Sister relationship
- Jane and Elizabeth rely upon each other for advice
Similary, Jane Austen had a close relationship with her older sister, Cassandra
Jane Austen
Full transcript