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Medieval Myths and legends

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Mel Abraham

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Medieval Myths and legends

Medieval europe
What are the different myths and legends for some countries in Europe?

Turkic mythology embraces Tenjrist and Shamanist traditions. They also believe in the cultural and social subjects of being nomad folks. The Turkish believed that the bird Öksökö (also known as Züzülo) a double headed eagle brings down lighting and rain down from the heavens to the Earth, with the rauiin the humans and creatures were created. This story was made during Medieval times as it was believed that the eagle was a messenger. It brought good luck, happiness and new beginnings.

European Dragon are known throughout Europe although some have different discriptions – The Finnish called dragons, Lohikaame, which translates into `mountain snake‘ and ‘fire blower’, these dragons stayed in caves and collected mountains of gold.

The Norse gods where very important to the Norwegian people. When the Black Plague came to Norway whole villages got swept out. They prayed to their gods and did very strange things to try and impress them, the church's slowly got abandon and over time started to look like big rocks.
The Greeks told many myths and legends about Gods, Goddesses, heroes and monsters.
Greek myths were told of hideous monsters, like a Cyclops a giant with one eye in the middle of their forehead and a Minotaur half man half bull. Most of the stories have a lesson or message hidden in the events.

Cyprus has many myths that are stemmed from the Greeks. It was known as the homeland of the Gods.

A very important Legend to Cyprus is one of the hero Dhiyenis Akritas, he leapt across the sea to save Cyprus from invasion and left a massive hand print on the mountain range creating the Five Finger Mountain Range. The five fingered mountain was important in the medieval times because armies would use the rocky terrain as strong holds. It was good because the army could see oncoming attackers that would try to take over the island as it would become a great place for trade and black markets. Therefore the mountain was greatly respected along with its myths.
One of many stories about the Greek Gods –

Aphrodite, the goddess of love, arose from sea foam on the south-east bay’s of Cyprus. She
Married Hephaestus, God of the forge, but continued to have a love affair as she had fallen in love with a mortal (Human) who was a hunter. Later on in his life he died in the forest. Many flowers grew around the site of the death from Aphrodite’s tears.

The goddess of love was important to the people during the medieval/ Middle Ages times as there was lots of war and families were torn apart. The people prayed to this particular goddess as she kept their families and friends safe.
Unicorns –
The legend of the mythical creature Unicorn has lasted till this very day. The earliest description in Greek literature of a single-horned (Greek monokerōs, Latin unicornis) animal was by the historian Ctesias (c. 400 bce), who related that the Indian wild horse, with a white body, purple head, and blue eyes, and on its forehead was a cubit-long horn coloured red at the pointed tip, black in the middle, and white at the base. Those who drank from its horn were thought to be protected from stomach trouble, epilepsy, and poison. It was very fleet of foot and difficult to capture. The actual animal behind Ctesias’s description was probably the Indian rhinoceros.
In Portuguese mythology there is a dragon called Coca that battles St. George on the Corpus Christi holiday. The battle symbolises when Coca defeats Saint George the crops will be bad and there will be famine and death; when St. George defeats Coca he cuts off her tongue and ears the crops will have a good year and it announces good fortune.
In Bulgarian mythology, Ispolini Giants inhabited the Earth before modern humans. They lived in mountains, fed on raw meat and often fought against dragons. Ispolini were afraid of blackberries which posed a danger of tripping and dying so they offered sacrifices to that plant.
The Romans where very superstitious and believed in many things, one of them was the beloved spirits called Genii. The Genii needed to be kept happy at all times. This belief was in the towns and in the country.

The founders of the medieval town of Tori where having a celebratory picnic in honor of their decision to build the town of Tori. After having the picnic, a eagle swooped down and took the red picnic blanket and placed it atop a hill. Believing this was a sign from their god, Jupiter (his significant animal is a eagle, ) They built the town in the exact same spot.
This town was important during the crusades of the Middle Ages/ medieval times

How where these myths/legends passed down to our generations?

Only in the mid- 19th century telephones and cars were invented. Before this time, especially in the medieval times stories and legends where told at busy markets or late night stories. Father to son, mother to daughter, great grandmother to granddaughter and so on. Scriptures where written and stories where turned into permanent documents.

Writing the myth and legends down was out of the picture as only Monks could read and write. They copied manuscripts such as the Hebrew bible. They wrote records of battles or important events and preserved documents that would have otherwise be lost to us today, however they did not record any legends from the past.
'Many medieval legends have provided inspiration throughout the ages for writers, poets, and more recently, film makers'

Many books, poems and movies have been developed from the myths of the middle ages. Even if the idea is not many of the creatures and characters are from the middle age myths and legends. A good example of this is the European dragon that is in a lot of movies.

How have the Myths and legends of the Middle Ages affected today’s writers and producers?
Myths and legends are famous all around the world but even though some are similar, each place still has its own version. Such as in Finland and Portugal they both have legends based on dragons though they are still different. As well as Asia which has a legend of the four divine creatures including the Phoenix, Turtle, Dragon and Kylin.
how are myths and legends passed down in the present and the future?
How do legends and myths vary from place to place?
Thank-you for watching
The Asian believed in four divine creatures in medieval times, the Phoenix, Turtle, Dragon and Kylin

Kylin is an animal like a deer with horns on the head,with scales over the body and an ox like tail. It is believed that it could live for 2,000 years and that it could spit fire and roar like thunder. it is a symbol that brings power and wealth.
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