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Copy of Hyphens and Dashes

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ESL prezi

on 30 November 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Hyphens and Dashes

The Hyphen


The purpose of the hyphen (-) is to join two or more words.

They can be used to link two or more words to create a single concept

Hyphens can be shown at the end of a line to break up a whole word given it would not fit into the line.

The Hyphen
Activity Rules.
One representative from each team will roll a dice.

The number the dice lands on determines the number of spaces they are able to move on the board.
(One of the sides has a picture of a snake. This means you move 2 spaces back. The other side has a ladder which means you move one space up.)

(You do not have to answer questions when landed a snake or ladder)

The team can only move said places ONLY if they answer questions regarding the topic CORRECTLY. If the team get the question wrong they do not move forward until the other team rolls.

The number on the dice also determines the difficulty of the question (i.e. a landed 1 is easier than a landed 4.)

If the team lands on a snake they move down the board.

If the team lands on a ladder they move up the board

First to the finish wins a prize!
A presentation by:
Nicole and Brittaney
Hyphens and Dashes
Derives from
"
hyph' hen
" (under one),
"
hypo
" +
hen
(under + hen), "
heis
" (one-more),
during late Latin and Greek.

First Known use: Circa 1620

The use of the hyphen credited to Johannes Gutenberg of
Mainz, Germany.
Hyphens are used in:
Compound adjectives


Examples:
Noun+adjective

>Environment-friendly
>Gluten-free
>camera-shy


Noun+participle

>hard-headed
>life-driven
>snow-capped
Adjective+participle

>open-minded
>closed-minded
>ill-tempered
A hyphen should be used when a compound comes before a noun and not used when it comes after.
Hyphens used in:
Compound verbs:



Examples:

Noun
> a roller skate

Verb
>to roller-skate
Hyphens are used in:
Phrasal Verbs.


A hyphen is ONLY used in a Phrasal verb when;

> the phrasal verb is used as a noun.

Example:
>The little girls love to play dress-up
Hyphens are used in:
Compound nouns


Example:

>chat-room


Hyphens used in:
Prefixes


Example:

>Pre-made
>co-own
Hyphens
Dashes
Hyphens and Dashes
Used to punctuate words
Used to punctuate sentences
The dash is used to create emphasis

Used between two spaces

They are longer than hyphens (Two hyphens long)
The Dash
Types of Dashes

En Dash
Em Dash
Figure Dash

Figure Dash

Used between numbers.

Example
>555-5555-555


En Dash
Em Dash

Used to indicate a range of numbers
Example
> May-August
>2001-2008
>1:00-3:00

Sets additional information
Used to show a relationship between two things
Example
>father-daughter
>mother-daughter
>brother-sister

Example
> "And she was like-" Mia explained,
"Omg no seriously? I can't believe she did that! " her friend replied
"I know right!" Mia replied back.

Used to show that a sentence is unfinished because someone was being interupted
Used to indicate a thought from the main clause
Example
>You are the friend—the only friend—who offered to help me.
Em dash continued.

Indicates a sudden shift in thought.
Example:
> "So I was walking down the hallway and- Oh look a squirrel!"
Draws the reader's attention to an abrupt break

Example:
>"Wait!-"
Example:
>"I love shopping downtown-Especially down at TD Square-"
Em Dash continued
Used in replacement of a colon
Example:
>Red,White, and Blue-These are the colours of freedom
Used to show an overlap in speech between people
Example:
>"Okay so in The Amazing Spiderman 2-" He
"-NO SPOILERS!" She cries out,
"-Gwen dies"

(Rainbow Dash)
(Words that include nouns+adjectives, noun+participle, Adjective+participle)
(When two or more words are formed to create a single verb)
(a verb describes an action)
(Verbs + adverb/ preposition)
(Two nouns)
>air-crew
(Prefixes added to other words to create a new meaning to the word)
Used to replace a colon a coma or a semi colon.
Introduced by:
Pres. Dunn
Em dash is longer than en dash
Full transcript