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Chapter 7: Thinking Critically About Disciplinary Perspective

IDS
by

Brittany Days

on 13 October 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 7: Thinking Critically About Disciplinary Perspective

Chapter 7
Why Interrogate Disciplinary Perspectives

Why Interdisciplinarians Interrogate Perspectives Cont.
No 5.

Perspective Taking Exposes Strengths and Limitations of Disciplines
One of the responsibilities of the interdisciplinarian is to know the strengths and limitations of each disciplines perspective on the subject.

How Interdisciplinarians Interrogate Disciplinary Perspectives
What It Means to Think Critically About Disciplinary Perspectives
What it Means
Asking critical and probing questions of each relevant discipline.
Minimum Depth
Knowing the perspective in an oveall sense of each discipline

Why Interdisciplines Interrogate Perspectives
Perspective Taking Is a Key Feature of Interdisciplinary That Is Necessitated by Complexity
Each discipline is able to focus on a single part of a subject within its domain, but no single discipline is able to explain a complex subject comprehensively by itself.
Perspective Taking Is a Prerequisite for Turning Multidisciplinary Work Into Disciplinary Work
The focus on interdisciplinary work is on comparing insights rather than integrating them.
Perspective Taking Enables Us to See the Relevance of Other Perspectives
The factor addressed by one discipline is affected by factors addressed by other disciplines.
Thinking Critically About Disciplinary Perspectives
1.
Develop
a sophisticated concept of knowledge

2.
Learn
how to interrogate disciplinary perspectives
Developing a Sophisticated Conception of Knowledge
STEP 1:
Epistemic Position
Dualism
Relativism
Critical Pluralism
How?

Multiplicity is when you have a few plausible yet contradictory explanations.
Step 1 Continued:
Moving Towards Critical Pluralism
The critical pluralist position is necessary for two reasons.
No 4.

Perspective Taking Illumines Our Understanding of the Problem as a Whole

No 5.

Perspective Taking Reduces the Possibility of Making Poor Decisions
Implementing a solution from one discipline often requires dealing with factors from other disciplines.
Ex.

architects+engineers+mathematicians

Poor decisions result from failure to take important perspectives into account.

Ex.
Fire-destroyed communities
Example
(Humanities) Literature
- believes that cultures, past or present, cannot be adequately understood without understanding and appreciating the literature produced by the culture.
(Natural Sciences) Mathematics-
interested in abstract quantative worlds mathemeticians create with postulates, assumptions, axioms, and premises and then explore by proving theorems.
1) What is the discipline's perspective on this particular subject?

2) How does each perspective illumine our understanding of the subject as a whole?

3) What are the strengths and limitations of each perspectives?
Disciplines Relevant to the Problem
Biology/ ecology
Economics/ business
Earth Science (geology)
History
Political science
Perspective on Problem
Ecological phenomenon
Economic/ business impacts on local, state, and regional economies
Hydrosphere and biosphere
Historical Content
Struggle between competing interests
Cause of Declining Salmon Populations
Disciplinary Perspectives on the Causes of Occupational Sex Discrimination
Disciplines Relevant to the Problem
Perspective on Problem
Economics
History
Sociology
Psychology
Marxism
Economic/ business problem
Historical phenomenon
Reflection of sociological phenomenon
Psychological phenomenon
Inevitable consequence of capitalism
Anthropology(cultural)

Art History

Linguistics(narratology)
Philosophy(epistemology)
Literature
Psychology
Disciplines Relevant to the Problem
Note
I hold you dear
I have not
thought you up
How Disciplinary Perspective Illumine the Meaning of the Poem
Expression of contemporary "popular" Dutch culture
Complex artistic creation in its composition and placement
It is a symbol
Suggests that love was real or unreal
Comparable to other Dutch poetry
An expression of psychic mourning for a lost love
How the Perspective Illumines The Problem/Subject as a whole
Strengths and Limitations of Disciplinary Perspectives on the Causes of Occupation Sex Discrimination
Relevant Disciplines
Strengths of Perspective
Limitations of Perspective
Economics
Economic motivation
of employers
Have not decided upon a single explanation of OSD
Fails to account for prejudice, sex-role socialization, and "tastes" adverse to hiring women
assumes individuals are rational and self interested

1. Multiple disciplinary perspectives and the insights they produce cannot be categorized as T/F or understood as a mere option.

2. Each one has at least some useful insights .
Brittany Days, Sydney Wein, Christine Arias, Akash Patel
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