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Street Art from the beginning to now

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Dominique Paci

on 22 January 2016

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Transcript of Street Art from the beginning to now

Art Snobs or Sell Outs?
The Business End
The Artists
The Audience
The Property Owners
- People in both the "prestigious" art world and in the street art world are against the commercialization of street art.
- Gallery artists don't consider street art sophisticated or profound enough to be displayed professionally.
- Street artists who display their art in galleries are considered "Sell outs" by their peers.
Pedestrians
- Pedestrians are the favorite audience of Street artists.
- Some think that street art is an important cultural act, whereas others see it as vandalism.
Street
The selling of street art really depends on the artist. Some artits have websites where you can purchase copies of their work and some original pieces. Others have large (or small) art shows where all art displayed can be purchased (unless directed otherwise). For the more famous artists, their artwork is collected and sold off at auctions to the highest bidder.
- Police action depends on the police.
- Most authorities let street artists off with a fine, depending on the destructive nature of their art.
- Some actually arrest and even chase street artists if they are caught.
- Whether or not authorities are for or against street art, they are required by law to take action.
- Most police just don't understand why street artists do not get permits or work in sanctioned areas.
Police!
- Street artists are a tightknit/close, exclusive community of people. There is still a hierarchy, with accomplished artists at the top. These are the artists that travel worldwide from city to city to spread their art and have a network of connections with each other.
- Less esteemed is blatant/ true/ obvious acts of crude vandalism that hold no aesthetic or activistic value. Professional street artists often mock or scorn this type of street art.
Hierarchy
Vandalism?
With permission, traditional painted graffiti is technically considered public art. Without permission, painters of public and private property are committing vandalism and are, by definition, criminals. However, it is true that most street art is unsanctioned, and many artists who have painted without permission, (Banksy, Shepard Fairey) have been glorified as legitimate and socially successful artists.
Right and Wrong
It is extremely difficult to define;
What is your opinion ?
Is it a good thing that it will be deleted one day ?
Is it fascinating because it will disappear ?
Would you like to have one on your building wall
Would you buy one so that it cannot disappear?
Is it an illusion?
Art
What is Street Art?
Street art is art developed in public spaces,the term usually refers to illicit art, as opposed to government or official sponsored initiatives.
Where did it really start?
No one really knows when street art started, although it became extremely popular at the turn of the 20th century.
Joseph Kyselak is considered the "grandfather" of modern graffiti. He wrote his name in the streets of Vienna in early 19th Century.
Types of Street Art
Graffiti
Stencil art
LED (light) art
Mosaics
Murals
Sticker art
"Lock On" and installation sculptures
Wheatpaste
Yarn bombing
Sellers!
Banksy
The Hall of Fame
SpY
VHILS
Mentalgassi
Sanctioned and Unsanctioned / illicit
Why are they into street art?
The legal distinction between permanent graffiti and art is permission. If you have a permission it is art if not it is graffiti.
But it becomes even more complex when you talk about not permanent, nondestructive forms of graffiti (yarn bombing, video projection, and street installation.)
- Activism: many street artists are political and environmental activists and use street art to get their message out to the public. (emotion/reason)
- Shock art: shock artists use public spaces to enhance the shock factor. (emotion)
- Aesthetics: sometimes brick walls just need some pizaz. (sense perception)
- Thrill: some artists just get a thrill from the danger of illicit graffiti. (emotion)
- Territory: graffiti can be used to indicate gang activity. (reason/emotion)
- A street artists/political activist in Bristol, England.
- At first he used stencils and wheatpaste, but he also experimented with shock art and film (painted elephant, "Exit Through the Gift Shop").
- He has remained anonymous
- He has made Time's list of 100 most influential people.
"If graffiti changed anything, it would be illegal." - Banksy
- Portugese artist Alexandre Farto.
- Uses paint and drills to scratch off the surfaces of buildings to create realistic portraits.
"In this act of excavation, it's the process which is expressive, more than the final result. It's the process of trying to reflect upon our own layers." - VHILS
- An anyonymous trio based in Berlin, Germany.
- Humorous and political wheatpaste.
- Best known for working with Amnesty International to bring attention to the Troy Davis case.
- Anonymous urban sculptor from Madrid, Spain.
- Does humorous shock art and installation sculptures.
- Many cities have areas dedicated to graffiti, so why don't street artists paint there?
1. It doesn't get their message out. Sanctioned areas are underground and less likely for people to see. Additionally, they don't have the novelty factor of illegal art.
2. It's counterproductive. Street art is, by definition, a form of rebellion; arting only in places where it's "allowed" goes against the defiance of it.
Street artist from Singapore, "Sticker Lady" started a debate by avoiding sanctioned areas. The buzz caused everyone to ask the question: "Is unsanctioned art cooler?" A pole asking voters to chose whether Sticker Lady should be punished. The results? 54% of voters said her creativity should be encouraged; 16% said she should be punished; 27% said that she should just be fined.
Train Graffiti
- It's not all gang-related! Some of it is, but not all.
- Train graffiti started in the 1930s, as trainhoppers made their marks and relayed messages using the trains.
- The hip-hop movement evolved/changed it into a rolling art gallery as taggers (mostly from the Bronx) displayed/showed their art on the cars.
- The trains get tagged at the train yard, where the scheduled departures and arrival times, as well as the shelter of the other trains, create perfect conditions for street artists.
Shepard Fairey
- American street artist who works with stickers and wheatpaste.
- Best known for "OBEY GIANT" campaign, OBEY clothing line, and Barack Obama "Hope" poster.
- One of the few street artists who use his real name.
"The [Andre the Giant] sticker has no meaning but exists only to cause people to react, to contemplate and search for meaning in the sticker." -Shepard Fairey
Murals
Why Hate It?
- Some images are controversial or offensive.
- "Graffiti" has a generally bad reputation and may prevent real-estate buyers from buying.
- Clean-up costs can get expensive.
Why Love It?
- Street art can be aesthetically pleasing and encourages creativity.
- Provides art for people who do not have the time or money to go to art galleries.
- Is a form of civil protest.
What do you think?
The difference between murals and street art is that murals are for a specific reason or cause (like, for example, fish for an aquarium or children for a school) while street art is more of an artistic expression of the artists beliefs or personality.
Buyers!!!
1. The boy-man. He's 40-plus but he rides a skateboard to work. He and his mates buy up Banksys the same way their mums bought Monet tea towels.

2. The corporate banker. he thinks whoever said you can't buy cool was probably under-investing.

3. The canny restauranteur. Turns his restaurant / shop into a gallery
Buyers Cont'd.
Lascot wall paintings
Or Michelangelo Sistine Chapel fresco
Can these be considered early forms of street art ?
Shoe tossing appeared recently :
Are they markers for drug dealers ?
Memorials for lost people like combat soldiers do when they paint their shoe yellow when one of their friends has died in combat and hang them out of their barracks when they come back from combat.
Drinking night which got out of control
But is it art ?

Tour Paris 13 could be seen for a little time and then was demolished. why did so many people queue up to three hours to see it ? Because it was beautiful ? Because it was going to be demolished ?
Full transcript