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Three Presidents And Their Foreign Policies

Foreign Policy Unit- AE I- December 2010
by

Natalie Kainz

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Three Presidents And Their Foreign Policies

Three Presidents and their foreign policies September 5th, 1901
President McKinley is shot and
Theodore Roosevelt takes office Theodore Roosevelt
1901-1909 The Spanish American War set the stage for a more aggressive foreign policy, and all three presidents gave the U.S. a greater role in world affairs, intervening to pursue American goals The guiding principle for all
three presidents was to serve the
national interest the set of goals- political, economic, military, and cultural,
that a nation considers important Major Foreign Policies
The Big Stick Policy
and the Roosevelt Corollary "Speak softly and carry a big stick;
you will go far" proverb

Big Stick Policy= a strong armed approach to
foreign policy emphasizing
diplomacy backed by force

-The U.S. must use international
police power to preserve peace
and order in the Western hemisphere
and protect American interests, protect
weak nations and expand the Monroe
Doctrine Causes Effects Cause Effects Causes Effects -fears of European powers taking
over in Western hemisphere Interventions in Latin America
and the Caribbean to supress
unrest and prop up rulers that
support U.S. interests

Used diplomacy to mediate conflict
between Russia and Japan- won Nobel
Peace Prize in 1906 The Panama Canal

-TR tries to lease land in Panama (ruled by
Colombia) but they refuse
-1903- US helps Panama overthrow Colombian
rule- new government signs a treaty allowing the
US to build the Panama Canal (which helped
international trade, but angered many Latin Americans)
-not until 1999 did the US return control of the canal to
Panama William Howard Taft
1909-1913 Woodrow Wilson
1913-1921 Major Foreign Policy
Dollar Diplomacy Taft's approach to foreign policy
focused on encouraging and
protecting US trade and
investment in Latin America and
Asia He believed Dollar Diplomacy would
limit use of force overseas But the US continued to use force
overseas Nicaragua-1911

US supported a revolt that brought a
pro-US leader into power
US banks provided loans to the new government
but it was corrupt and unpoplular, which led to another
revolt in 1912
-> Taft sends Marines to put it down and protect US interests
US troops stay until 1933 Major Foreign Policy
Moral Diplomacy Wilson's approach to foreign policy
focusing on promoting democratic
ideals abroad, rather than economic
investment or the use of force

Wilson also introduced the concept of
Self- Determination into American foreign
policy (the right of other people to determine their
own government, free of outside influence) Wilson intervened overseas more than either Taft or TR Haiti- 1915
Revolt--> Wilson sends Marines to protect American lives and investments, troops don't leave until 1934 Intervenes in the Dominican Republic and Mexico as well... In dealing with the Latin American countries, Wilson wanted to prove American friendship and advocate "equality and honor" whether it was in the U.S. interest or not Wilson and WWI Wilson is President at the time of WWI.
In his domestic policy he had been busy
passing many progressive reforms to fix
the problems of the Gilded Age.

However, he did not exactly stay neutral
during the Great War- siding with Great
Britain and France and supporting them
with money and supplies. U.S. neutrality was challenged in early 1917 when the German Empire began unrestricted submarine warfare despite repeated strong warnings and tried to enlist Mexico as an ally. In April 1917, Wilson asked Congress to declare war. Wilson's Moral Diplomacy is evident
in his efforts to create the League of
Nations as part of his 14 points- his
ideas for a post-war world free of
conflict.
Full transcript