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Beginnings: The Greeks and Romans (450 BC - 400 AD)

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Fernando Barroso

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of Beginnings: The Greeks and Romans (450 BC - 400 AD)

450 BC - 400 AD Greeks and Romans Politics Culture Religion Famous Authors Homer: Iliad & the Odyssey Ancient Greek Politics Art Roman Greek Realistic Idealistic Romans Greeks Coinage Slavery Social Hierarchy Citizens Metics Freedmen Slaves Greece Rome Patricians Plebeians Freedmen Slaves (Greeks with a green card) City States (Poleis) because of Geography Urban centers that controlled the immediate regions surrounding them Sparta Athens Democracy Corinth Thebes Oligarchies feared army Culturally and Politically advanced rule by the people Ancient Roman Politics Rebellion against monarchy turned into Roman Republic Tension between Lower (Plebeian) and upper (Patrician) classes Plebeian gained greater social and political equality Governing body - Senate (dominated by Patrician) Executive power on two consuls (elected every year) Rapid expansion led to PES crises Civil wars (91-30 BCE) a Single Ruler: Julius Caesar Roman empire gradually became more despotic The Greek and Roman religion had similar practices with local differences Romans worshiped Jupiter Optimus Maximus while Greeks have 12 main gods known as the "Twelve Olympians" Greek Religion Influenced Roman Religion Archimedes: mathematician, engineer, inventor, physicist, & astronomer Euclid: The Elements, Father of Geometry Aristotle: Founded logic as a science and laid the grounds of scientific methods Plato: The Republic Symposium Aristophanes: The Clouds, The Wasps, Lysistrata Hippocrates: Father of medicine Euripides: Alcestis, Medea, and The Bacchus Herodotus: Father of history in western culture Sophocles: Antigone, Oedipus the King, & Electra
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