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To Trade or Not to Trade: NAFTA and the Prospects for Free T

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Chelsea Stoltz

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of To Trade or Not to Trade: NAFTA and the Prospects for Free T




To Trade or Not to Trade: NAFTA and the Prospects for Free Trade in the Americas

Which Sectors Would You Expect To Gain The Most From This Agreement?

- Agriculture
- Manufacturing
- Transportation
- Financial
Why Did the Countries Sign?
- Lower barriers to commerce and cross-border investment

1. Cheaper access to additional labor and consumer markets

2. Potential boost in economic activity
What is NAFTA?
- North American Free Trade Agreement

- Signed by the U.S, Canada, and Mexico

- Came into effect on January 1st, 1994
- Created the largest free trade area in the world

- 89% increase in total exports by NAFTA countries to each other
Was NAFTA Good for the Countries That Signed It?

- George W. Bush vs. John Kerry

- What the critics of NAFTA claim

* We want to hear your views!
Ways NAFTA Has Been Beneficial
- All countries that signed

a. Provided free trade in all North American countries
b. Increases each countries productivity
c. Increases trade between countries
d. Ability to acquire ownership
e. Snapbacks
f. National Treatment to NAFTA investors
United States
a. Increase in agriculture
b. Boosted agricultural exports
c. Created a trade surplus in services
d. Ability to invest in Mexican banks, Securities, and insurance markets
e. Improved U.S. living standards
Mexico
a. increased and created manufacturing jobs
b. Increased FDI
c. Increase in International Trade
Canada
a. Ability to invest in Mexican banks, securities, and insurance markets
b. Increased manufacturing, whole sale, and retail sectors
c. FDI increased
Ways NAFTA Has Been Harmful
- All countries who signed

a. Loss of jobs
b. No environmental laws or requirements
c. Environmental disasters
United States
a. Loss of manufacturing jobs to Mexico and Canada
b. Wage reductions
c. Loss of worker rights
d. Increase in illegal immigration from Mexico

Mexico
a. Too dependent on U.S. economy
b. Loss of agricultural jobs
c. Loss of citizens to illegal immigration


Canada
a. Collapse of social welfare infrastructure
b. Loss of jobs to both the U.S. and Mexico
In What Ways Has NAFTA Been Beneficial or Harmful for the Countries That Signed It?
(Continued)
a. Trade and Investment
b. Jobs and Productivity
c. Effects on Environment, Labor Rights, and Immigration
d. Political Change
FTAA(Free Trade Area of the Americas)
- Idea of removing trade restriction
a. Expansion of NAFTA in territory
b. Idea of removing tariffs remains
c. Reduces inflation
d. Simply reduces the costs of trade for business
Reasons To Say "No" To FTAA
a. Deregulation
b. Unemployment
c. Environmental Destruction
d. The privatization of Education
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