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code-switching in the classroom
Transcript of code-switching in the classroom
in the High School classroom Code Switching official
Formal Rather than "proper vs. improper", see
language as appropriate vs. inappropriate" New Ways of Thinking
About Language suits
SCHOOL Formal Showing possession
Vernacular patterns Identify the difference between formal and informal
Recognize formal and informal situations
Practice switching between formal and informal
Use examples from student's work
Make code-switching charts
Have students note examples of informal conversations from home and convert them to formal Instruction Rebecca S. Wheeler and Rachel Swords. Code Switching: Teaching Standard English in Urban Classrooms. Urbana, Illinois: National Council of Teachers, 2006. Print. Bibliography Informal casual
unofficial No "right or wrong", only patterns and language that vary by setting Instead of telling students that they are wrong, invite them to code-switch Compare and contrast language to identify patterns and build on existing knowledge to add new knowledge- Standard English Informal jeans
hanging out with friends
games That's Shawn pen.
That's Shawn's pen. Plural Patterns I have two sister.
I have two sisters. Past tense Yesterday I turn on the TV.
Yesterday I turned on the TV. Subject-verb Agreement He work hard.
He works hard. Was/Were We was playing.
We were playing. Am/is/are They is speaking.
They are speaking. Most frequently occurring vernacular patterns Williams, Cynthia H. ""You Gotta Reach 'Em": An African American Teacher's Multiple Literacies Approach." Theory into Practice (n.d.): 346-51. Web.