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Problems in the 1920's
Transcript of Problems in the 1920's
Problems in the 1920's
Demobilization and Recession
One year after the conclusion of WWI around 4 million troops returned to civilian life.
Jobs were in high demand, and women were urged to give up their jobs to make room for the men returning.
Prices of products increased greatly (people bought things because there is peace now) causing a small recession that lasted a year
The government ended over 2 billion dollars in war contracts causing many business to lay off workers
Americans were afraid that their government would be overthrown, like what happened to
People demanding higher wages and shorter workdays.
First strike occurred in 1919, some 35,000 workers walked off the job.
Americans struggled with the rapid increase in prices of food, clothing, and shelter.
Some of the women who didn't give up their jobs were eventually forced out.
Women's organizations were blamed for being controlled by communists.
Farmers benefited from the war due to European countries not being able to produce crops, but when the war ended prices plummeted leaving the farmers with debt and loss of land.
1919 - 36 bombs were discovered in a government mail room
Italian anarchist - detonated numerous bombs, one in front of A. Mitchell Palmer's home, (the Attorney General).
Newspapers said to give radicals "a few free treaments in the electric chair."
The Revival of the Ku Klux Klan
The Boston Police Strike
In September 1919 the Boston Police Force went on strike.
Boston Police formed a union to seek better pay and working conditions.
They kidnapped, beat, and hung African Americans.
They grew to infest the northern and western part of the US.
They began to terrorize radicals, immigrants, catholics, jews, and people who broke moral values (i.e. divorce)
The Steel Strike
365,000 steelworkers, many of them immigrants, walked off the job.
They protested low wages and long working hours.
This massive walkout threatened to shut down the steel industry.
The Palmer Raids
The Red Scare caused people to join the Klan, and at one point was said to have as many as 5 million members.
Palmer then launched the anti-Red crusade
Government agency to get info of radical activites
Lunched a series of
Palmer Raids - to capture radicals
Most arrested were poor imigrants
Many were deported back to their former countries
A. Mitchell Palmer
After the Red Scare
Still harsh treatment towards radicals
Italian radicals Sacco and Vanzetti were
executed after being convicted of murder
trial judge was bias against radicals
"victims of race and national prejudice
and class hatred"