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Sleep Apnea

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by

Sofia Choudhury

on 27 October 2016

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Transcript of Sleep Apnea

What is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a chronic sleep disorder commonly caused by excessive weight or obesity. People with this will repeatedly stop breathing as they sleep and may not get enough oxygen in their body.
Common in overweight and obese people
Mostly affects people ages 41-60+
Treatable, but chronic and could be lifelong
May occur 30 times of more an hour while sleeping
Risk Factors that May Cause Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea can affect anyone of any age, but is most common in over weight or obese adults over the age of 41. A family history of sleep apnea can put you at risk, as well as having a large neck, large tonsils, large tongue, or a small jaw bone. Being overweight or obese is a major factor in getting sleep apnea.People with this condition could also be a risk for high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes and heart failure.
Different Types of Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea:
This is the most common form of sleep apnea. OSA means that your throat muscles relax too much blocking airway during sleep. Symptoms of this condition include loud snoring, pauses in breathing during sleep, waking up with a dry mouth or dry throat, nighttime sweating, daytime drowsiness and high blood pressure.
Different Types of Sleep Apnea
Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome:
CSAS is often mistaken for OSA, but is actually a mixture of both obstructive and central sleep apnea. This type of sleep apnea includes symptoms of both OSA and CSA. Initially, people with CSAS appear to have OSA by having pauses in their breathing 20-30 times an hour during sleep, however, when being treated with continuous airway pressure, they are not completely relieved. Patients treated this way who experienced symptoms of OSA then began to have symptoms of CSA.
By: Sofia Choudhury
Sleep Apnea
Different Types of Sleep
Apnea
Central Sleep Apnea:
This type of sleep apnea occurs when your brain doesn't send the proper signals over to the muscles controlling your breathing. Central sleep apnea is not very common. Rather than physically not being able to breath, like with obstructive sleep apnea, your body instead doesn't try to breath. Symptoms may include insomnia, hypersomnia, shortness of breath (relived by sitting up), abrupt awakening with shortness of breath, pauses in breath during sleep, and snoring.
Treatments
There are multiple different ways to treat sleep apnea because there are such varied cases of it. For example, mild cases of sleep apnea may only call for weight loss and other lifestyle changes. Other treatments for mild to severe sleep apnea may include continuous positive airway pressure, which is a machine that provides air pressure through a mask as you sleep. CPAP is a very common way for treating sleep apnea along with other airway pressure devices or therapies, such as expiratory positive airway pressure or bilevel positive airway pressure.
Being overweight can have an effect on your breathing during sleep, which will then affect you while awake as well. Daytime drowsiness can make it difficult to keep your physical activity at a healthy level, causing more body fat. Sleep problems like sleep apnea can affect your hormone levels negatively, impair your metabolism, and also decrease your body's ability to process glucose, which can lead to diabetes. Sleep apnea can lead to a number of symptoms and difficulties in breathing that can prevent your body from getting enough oxygen, however it is treatable
Works Sited
http://www.alaskasleep.com/blog/types-of-sleep-apnea-explained-obstructive-central-mixed
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sleep-apnea/basics/treatment/con-20020286
https://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-topics/obesity-and-sleep/page/0/1
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sleep-apnea/basics/definition/con-20020286
http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/sleep-apnea/sleep-apnea
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/obstructive-sleep-apnea/home/ovc-20205684
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/central-sleep-apnea/home/ovc-20209486
http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/central-sleep-apnea#1
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