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Complex Sentences

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Group Four

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Complex Sentences


what is a
complex sentence?
It is a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses joined together by a dependent marker.
what is a
subordinating conjunction?
A subordinating conjunction joins a subordinate clause to a main clause.
lists of common subordinators:
lists of logical relationships between subordinating conjunctions:
Comparison & Contrast
Cause & Effect
Place & Manner
When you want to use commas and semicolons in sentences and when you are concerned about whether a sentence is or is not a fragment, a good way to start is to be able to recognize dependent and independent clauses.
The subordinating conjunction has two jobs. First, it provides a necessary transition between the two ideas in the sentence, this transition will indicate a time, place or cause and effect relationship. Second, is to reduce the importance of one clause so that the reader understands which of the two ideas is more important. The more important idea belongs in the main clause (independent clause), the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinating conjunction ie. the dependent clause.
coordinating conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions are used to join independent clauses to make compound sentences.

Cecil wanted to nap. Carlos does not.

comparison & contrast -
Even though
cause & effect -
So that
time -
possibility -
As if
place & manner -
the recipe to a
complex sentence
Independent clause:
independent clause
(also known as a
main clause
) is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence.
Dependent clause:
dependent clause
(also known as a
subordinate clause
) is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence. A dependent clause is marked by a
dependent marker word
(also known as a
subordinating conjunction
I cannot dust the top of the refrigerator because I am too short to reach.
for example:
another pattern of a complex sentence:
Because I am too short to reach, I cannot dust the top of the refrigerator.
subordinating conjunction

subordinate clause
main clause
Dependent clauses cannot be sentences on their own. They depend on an independent clause to support them. The independent clause in a complex sentence carries the main meaning, but either clause may come first. When the dependent clause comes first, it is always followed by a comma.
the split method:
Split the independent clause into two parts in the beginning of the sentence and at the end. There are two ways to use the split method where you can use an adjective clause that describes the subject or an adverb clause
(forms a complex sentence) which provides non essential information.

Main clause part A

Subordinating conjunction
Subordinate clause
Main clause part B

eg. The boy who was hungry, ate his lunch.

eg. The boy, although he was hungry, ate his lunch slowly.
Cecil wanted to nap,but Carlos does not.
coordinating vs subordinating
Coordination joins two independent clauses to make a compound sentence.

"Join the two independent clauses to make a compound sentence. Use one of the coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet). Remember to use a comma before the connecting word."

Subordination joins two independent clauses to make a complex sentence.

"Join the two independent clauses to make a complex sentence. Use one of the subordinating conjunctions (after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, if only, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, and while). Remember to use a comma if the subordinating conjunction comes at the beginning of the sentence."
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