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Transcript of Florence Nightingale
the environmental theory Background information the theory By: Mary Rugare, Olga Kukharchuk,
Michelle Dipietro, Hung Le, Carolain Paredes, Dina Khaimova definitions Nursing
Nursing is very essential for everybody's well-being. Notes on nursing focus on the implementation and rendering efficient and effective nursing care.
The patient is the focus of the environmental theory. The nurse should perform the task for the patient and control environment for easy recovery. She practice nurse-patient passive relationship. Health
Health is the being well and using every power that the person has to the fullest extent. A healthy body can recuperate and undergo reparative process. Environmental control uplifts maintenance of health.
People would benefit form the environment. 5 essential components of healthy environment:
1. pure air
2. pure water
3. efficient drainage
5. light importance of the theory 1. Disease control
2. Sanitation and water treatment
3. Utilized by modern architecture in the prevention of "sick building syndrome" applying the principles of ventilation and good lighting.
4. Waste disposal
5. Control of room temperature.
6. Noise management. why its important The Environment Theory is used everyday in the healing and recovery process.
Making the environment comfortable helps the patient relax and have a speed recovery.
When the body is relaxed and comfortable it will respond better to the medications and stimuli that the medical team is providing.
It is the nurses job to help the patient recover quickly by providing a comfortable environment. How we use it in the nursing process Assess patient’s dietary needs
Monitor and document I&O’s
Asses how the patient’s diet effects his/her recovery
Complete a thorough bred bath making sure the patient feels clean
Take the patient on a walk down the hall to get the patient out of the room
Open a window for natural light
Be organized so the patient has time to rest throughout the day
Give the patient quite time
Do anything you can to make sure the patient is comfortable
Provide a warm blanket 1. Proper ventilation focus on the architectural aspect of the hospital.
2. Light has quite as real and tangible effects to the body. Her nursing intervention includes direct exposure to sunlight.
3. Cleanliness and sanitation. She assumes that dirty environment was the source of infection and rejected the "germ theory". Her nursing interventions focus on proper handling and disposal of bodily secretions and sewage, frequent bathing for patients and nurses, clean clothing and handwashing.
4. Warmth, quiet and diet environment. She introduce the manipulation of the environment for patient's adaptation such as fire, opening the windows and repositioning the room seasonally, etc.
5. Unnecessary noise is not healthy for recuperating patients.
6. Dietary intake.
7. Petty management proposed the avoidance of psychological harm, no upsetting news. Strictly war issues and concerns should not be discussed inside the hospital. She includes the use of small pets of psychological therapy. how the theory is used by nurses to assess needs and implement nursing interventions. lady with the lamp -She was an English nurse who worked hard to establish nursing as a discipline.
-Florence Nightingale discovered the lack of fresh air, reduced sanitation, and poor hygiene that was contributing to the sickness of the soldiers.
-Florence Nightingale was active in her community, and she worked with the government to help improve conditions for families in their environments.
-Among many of her contributions in history, Nightingale conducted research to show the correlation between the conditions of the environment and the recovery of soldiers. From this, she concluded that improved environment conditions with skillful nursing care significantly decreased mortality rate of the British soldiers who fought in the Crimean War. After this discovery Nightingale concluded that nursing should overall promote health and prevent illness with increased proper rest, sanitation, hygiene, and nutrition. -Nightingale also established nursing schools in the United States.
-She also recognized the need to replace untrained lay nurses with “Nightingale” nurses to increase organization in hospitals and increase nursing standards and practices.
-The Nightingale pledge is the first code of ethics
-Nightingale was also very active in her community and was passionate to help the needy and keeping a safe, sanitary environment. -Because of her commitment to the poor communities, and the increased awareness of primary prevention, and her research indicating that a better environment equaled better outcomes for soldiers, Nightingale is recognized as the first moral leader and nurse in nursing and community health history. Cont... Concepts of Nursing Paradigm:
Nursing and Environment
Nursing is different from medicine and the goal of nursing is to place the patient in the best possible condition for nature to act.
Holistic nursing is a medical specialty that takes the entire being of the patient into consideration, rather than just diagnosing specific physical symptoms.
Nursing is the "activities that promote health which occur in any caregiving situation.
As a nurse, Nightingale was efficient and thorough, but she also treated each patient as an individual whose personal needs mattered
The goal of nursing is to place the patient in the best possible condition for nature to act.
Health is “not only to be well, but to be able to use well every power we have”
Nightingale states that nursing ought to signify the proper use of fresh air, light, warmth, cleanliness, quiet, and proper selection and administration of diet.
Nursing education belongs in the hands of nurses. Nursing is a discipline distinct from medicine focusing on the patient’s reparative process rather than on their disease. Nursing:
Poor or difficult environments led to poor health and disease.
Environment could be altered to improve conditions so that the natural laws would allow healing to occur.
Her nursing intervention includes direct exposure to sunlight.
She focused on proper handling and disposal of bodily secretions and sewage, frequent bathing for patients and nurses, clean clothing and handwashing.
Unnecessary noise is not healthy for recuperating patients. Environment Physical Environment: Consists of physical elements where the patient is being treated Requires various activities to keep the mind active
Involves communication with the person, about the person, and about other people. Psychological Environment:
Involves collecting data about illness and disease prevention
Consists of a person’s home or hospital room, as well as the total community Social Environment: HEALTH Maintained by using a person’s healing powers to their fullest extent Maintained by controlling the environmental factors so as to prevent disease. Disease is viewed as a reparative process instituted by nature Health & disease are the focus of the nurse Nurses help patients through their healing process Health: Person: PERSON Referred to by Nightingale as “the patient” A human being acted upon by a nurse, or affected by the environment Has reparative powers to deal with disease Recovery is in the patient’s power as long as a safe environment exists The Health System References... Arnstein, Margaret. "Florence Nightingale's Influence on Nursing." U.S. National Library of Medicine 32.7 (1956): 540-46. NCIB. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1805929/?page=3>.
"Theories of Florence Nightingale." Theories of Florence Nightingale. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov.
"Theoretical Foundations of Nursing." : Nightingale's Environmental Theory. N.p., n.d. Web. 10
Nov. 2012. <http://slsu-coam.blogspot.com/2008/08/nightingales-environmental-theory.html>.
Stanhope, Marcia, and Jeanette Lancaster. Foundations of Nursing in the Community: Community-oriented Practice. St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier, 2010. Print.
YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?annotation_id=annotation_416679>.