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RMPS Christianity Overview
Transcript of RMPS Christianity Overview
1:Annunciations (the announcements of Jesus’ birth)
2:The birth of John the Baptist (Jesus cousin)
3:The Birth of Jesus
4:The Shepherds & the Angels
5:Jesus at the temple 1
6:Jesus at the temple 2
B) The Baptism and Temptations of Jesus
1:The Baptism of Jesus
Luke 3:3 & 21-22
2:The Temptations of Jesus
Luke 4:1-13 5 During the time when Herod was king of Judea, there was a Priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly order of Abijah. His wife's name was Elizabeth; she also belonged to a priestly family. 6 They both lived good lives in God's sight and obeyed fully all the Lord's laws and commands. 7 They had no children because Elizabeth could not have any, and she and Zechariah were both very old.
8 One day Zechariah was doing his work as a priest in the Temple, taking his turn in the daily service. 9 According to the custom followed by the priests, he was chosen by lot to burn incense on the altar. So he went into the Temple of the Lord, 10 while the crowd of people outside prayed during the hour when the incense was burnt.
11 An angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right of the altar where the incense was burnt. 12 When Zechariah saw him, he was alarmed and felt afraid. 13 But the angel said to him, “Don't be afraid, Zechariah! God has heard your prayer, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son. You are to name him John. 14 How glad and happy you will be, and how happy many others will be when he is born! 15 He will be a great man in the Lord's sight. He must not drink any wine or strong drink. From his very birth he will be filled with the Holy Spirit,16 and he will bring back many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 He will go ahead of the Lord, strong and mighty like the prophet Elijah. He will bring fathers and children together again; he will turn disobedient people back to the way of thinking of the righteous; he will get the Lord's people ready for him.” 18 Zechariah said to the angel, “How shall I know if this is so? I am an old man, and my wife is old also.”
19 “I am Gabriel,” the angel answered. “I stand in the presence of God, who sent me to speak to you and tell you this good news. 20 But you have not believed my message, which will come true at the right time. Because you have not believed, you will be unable to speak; you will remain silent until the day my promise to you comes true.”
21 In the meantime the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he was spending such a long time in the Temple. 22 When he came out, he could not speak to them, and so they knew that he had seen a vision in the Temple. Unable to say a word, he made signs to them with his hands.
23 When his period of service in the Temple was over, Zechariah went back home. 24 Some time later his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and did not leave the house for five months. 25 “Now at last the Lord has helped me,” she said. “He has taken away my public disgrace!”
26 In the sixth month of Elizabeth's pregnancy God sent the angel Gabriel to a town in Galilee named Nazareth. 27 He had a message for a young woman promised in marriage to a man named Joseph,
who was a descendant of King David. Her name was Mary.
28 The angel came to her and said, “Peace be with you! The Lord is with you and has greatly blessed you!” 29 Mary was deeply troubled by the angel's message, and she wondered what his words meant. 30 The angel said to her, “Don't be afraid, Mary; God has been gracious to you. 31 You will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus.
32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High God. The Lord God will make him a king, as his ancestor David was, 33 and he will be the king of the descendants of Jacob for ever; his kingdom will never end!”
34 Mary said to the angel, “I am a virgin. How, then, can this be?”
35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and God's power will rest upon you. For this reason the holy child will be called the Son of God. 36 Remember your relative Elizabeth. It is said that she cannot have children, but she herself is now six months pregnant, even though she is very old. 37 For there is nothing that God cannot do.”
38 “I am the Lord's servant,” said Mary; “may it happen to me as you have said.” And the angel left her. 57 The time came for Elizabeth to have her baby, and she gave birth to a son. 58 Her neighbours and relatives heard how wonderfully good the Lord had been to her, and they all rejoiced with her.
59 When the baby was a week old, they came to circumcise him, and they were going to name him Zechariah, after his father. 60 But his mother said, “No! His name is to be John.”
61 They said to her, “But you have no relatives with that name!” 62 Then they made signs to his father, asking him what name he would like the boy to have.
63 Zechariah asked for a writing tablet and wrote, “His name is John.” How surprised they all were! 64 At that moment Zechariah was able to speak again, and he started praising God. 65 The neighbours were all filled with fear, and the news about these things spread through all the hill country of Judea. 66 Everyone who heard of it thought about it and asked, “What is this child going to be?” For it was plain that the Lord's power was upon him. 67 John's father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit, and he spoke God's message:
68 “Let us praise the Lord, the God of Israel!
He has come to the help of his people and has set them free.
69 He has provided for us a mighty Saviour,
a descendant of his servant David.
70 He promised through his holy prophets long ago
71 that he would save us from our enemies,
from the power of all those who hate us.
72 He said he would show mercy to our ancestors
and remember his sacred covenant.
73-74 With a solemn oath to our ancestor Abraham
he promised to rescue us from our enemies
and allow us to serve him without fear,
75 so that we might be holy and righteous before him
all the days of our life.
76 “You, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High God.
You will go ahead of the Lord
to prepare his road for him,
77 to tell his people that they will be saved
by having their sins forgiven.
78 Our God is merciful and tender.
He will cause the bright dawn of salvation to rise on us
79 and to shine from heaven on all those who live in the dark shadow of death,
to guide our steps into the path of peace.”
80 The child grew and developed in body and spirit. He lived in the desert until the day when he appeared publicly to the people of Israel. 3 So John went throughout the whole territory of the River Jordan, preaching, “Turn away from your sins and be baptized, and God will forgive your sins.”
21 After all the people had been baptized, Jesus also was baptized. While he was praying, heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit came down upon him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven, “You are my own dear Son. I am pleased with you.” 21 A week later, when the time came for the baby to be circumcised, he was named Jesus, the name which the angel had given him before he had been conceived.
Jesus is Presented in the Temple
22 The time came for Joseph and Mary to perform the ceremony of purification, as the Law of Moses commanded. So they took the child to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, 23 as it is written in the law of the Lord: “Every firstborn male is to be dedicated to the Lord.” 24 They also went to offer a sacrifice of a pair of doves or two young pigeons, as required by the law of the Lord.
25 At that time there was a man named Simeon living in Jerusalem. He was a good, God-fearing man and was waiting for Israel to be saved. The Holy Spirit was with him 26 and had assured him that he would not die before he had seen the Lord's promised Messiah. 27 Led by the Spirit, Simeon went into the Temple. When the parents brought the child Jesus into the Temple to do for him what the Law required, 28 Simeon took the child in his arms and gave thanks to God:
29 “Now, Lord, you have kept your promise,
and you may let your servant go in peace.
30 With my own eyes I have seen your salvation,
31 which you have prepared in the presence of all peoples:
32 A light to reveal your will to the Gentiles
and bring glory to your people Israel.”
33 The child's father and mother were amazed at the things Simeon said about him. 34 Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother, “This child is chosen by God for the destruction and the salvation of many in Israel. He will be a sign from God which many people will speak against 35 and so reveal their secret thoughts. And sorrow, like a sharp sword, will break your own heart.”
36-37 There was a very old prophet, a widow named Anna, daughter of Phanuel of the tribe of Asher. She had been married for only seven years and was now 84 years old. She never left the Temple; day and night she worshipped God, fasting and praying. 38 That very same hour she arrived and gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were waiting for God to set Jerusalem free.
39 When Joseph and Mary had finished doing all that was required by the law of the Lord, they returned to their home town of Nazareth in Galilee.40 The child grew and became strong; he was full of wisdom, and God's blessings were upon him. Credit 2010
a. What is ‘section’ 2KU
b. ‘quote’ what else did Jesus teach 2KU
c. Give two examples of how Jesus put his teachings into action 4KU
d. ‘quote’ do you agree 4E
a. describe what happens during a communion service 4KU
b. ’opinion’ do you agree 4E
c. ‘opinion’ do you agree 4E 2009
a. what happened next 4KU
b. what does ‘Jesus’ Baptism mean for Christians 4KU
c. ‘quote’ who do you agree with 4E
a. ‘quote’ who do you agree with 4E
b. state four things that happen at ‘services’ 4KU
c. Is it important ‘for services’ 4E 2008
a. What happened next? 4KU
b. describe fully one other miracle 4KU
c. Do you think ‘miracles happen’ 4E
d. Many Christians try ‘moral action’ do you think all should ‘moral action’ 4E
a. Describe on type of ‘service’ 4KU
b. ‘services’ are they important 4E General 1. (a) What does the death of Jesus mean to Christians? 6 KU
•Jesus chose to die for the sins of the world. (2)
•Jesus’ death took away the punishment deserved by sinners. (2)
•Jesus’ death removed the barrier between humanity and God. (2)
•Jesus’ sacrifice was complete and never to be repeated. (2)
•Jesus’ death demonstrates God’s love for the human race. (2)
•Without the death of Jesus, humans have no chance of being close to God or of obtaining forgiveness from their sins. (2)
•There has to be a response to this sacrifice. Christians must accept Jesus as personal Saviour and Lord. (2)
Any reasonable answer accepted. (b) “The resurrection is more important than the crucifixion.”
How far do you agree? 6 E
Resurrection is more important – death did not destroy Jesus, he is a living spiritual reality. (2)
The resurrection means that Christians feel that they can pray to God at any time “through Jesus Christ, our Lord”. (2)
Christians believe that Jesus is truly present with them in the Eucharist. He is with them in his risen power. (2)
Whatever they are doing, Jesus is with Christians, as he promised he would be. (2)
Crucifixion is more important because this was the perfect offering to God, to take away the sins of the world. (2)
To be saved from the effects of sins gives Christians hope of being with God in heaven. (2)
Any reasonable answer accepted. 2. (a) Explain fully three practices that happen in church during the Christmas period. 6 KU
•Nativity scene/plays – a focal point of prayer and worship. (2)
•Light – Jesus called himself the ‘Light of the World’. Light is used to welcome his coming. Light brings warmth, comfort and pleasure. It also illuminates things that often remain hidden. Light represents salvation. Candles display this. (2)
•Christingle – orange = the world/red ribbon = blood of Christ/candle = the light of Jesus/fruit = food from God. (2)
•Jesse tree – used to show the ancestors of Jesus and events in the Bible. (2)
•Carols – pass on the message of Christmas. (2)
•Readings – passages relating to the nativity. (2)
•Midnight Mass – relating to the nativity, baby Jesus placed in the crib to welcome his birth/importance of worship together. (2) (b) Does Christmas still have a place in the 21st century? 6 E
Any reasonable points made (2) credit 2010 2009 1. (a) Describe fully two of Jesus’ miracles. 6 KU
Jesus Heals the Blind Beggar
•Jesus was approaching Jericho. (1)
•A blind man was sitting by the road begging. (1)
•When he heard the crowd passing by he asked, “What is this?” (2)
•He was told, “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.” (2)
•People scolded him and told him to be quiet but he shouted more loudly. (2)
•“Jesus! Son of David! Take pity on me!” (2)
•Jesus stopped and ordered the man to be brought to him. (2)
•Asked, “What do you want me to do for you?” (2)
•“I want to see again.” (1)
•“Then see! Your faith has made you well.” (2)
•The man was able to see. (1)
•He followed Jesus, giving thanks to God. (2)
•When the crowd saw it they all praised God. (2) Jesus Heals the Roman Officer’s Servant
•Jesus went to Capernaeum. (1)
•A Roman officer had a servant who was dear to him and about to die. (2)
•He heard about Jesus and sent Elders to ask him to come and heal his servant. (2)
•Elders begged for Jesus’ help. (1)
•“This man really deserves your help. He loves our people and even built a synagogue for us.” (2)
•Jesus went with them. (1)
•When near the house, friends of the man came with a message. (1)
•“I don’t deserve to have you in my house.” (1)
•“I’m not worthy to come to you in person.” (1)
•“Just give the order and my servant will get well.” (1)
•Officer said that as a man under, and with authority, he gives the order and his soldiers/slaves do as they are told. (2)
•Jesus was surprised and turned to the crowd. (1)
•“I have never found faith like this, not even in Israel!” (2)
•The messengers went back and found the servant well. (2) Jesus Heals a Demon Possessed Man
•Jesus was teaching on the Sabbath. (1)
•In the synagogue a man with an evil demon screamed out. (2)
•“What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Are you here to destroy us? I know who you are: you are God’s holy messenger.” (2)
•Jesus told the demon to be quiet and leave the man. (2)
•The demon threw the man on the ground and left without harming him. (2)
•The people were amazed and asked where Jesus got his authority from. (2)
•Reports about Jesus spread in the region. (1) Jesus Heals Simon’s Mother-in-law
•Jesus went to Simon’s house. (1)
•Simon’s mother-in-law was sick with high fever. (2)
•Jesus went to her bedside. (1)
•He ordered the fever to leave her, and it left. (2)
•She got up and waited on them. (2)
2 marks for each description.
3 marks available for a well developed description. A simple point which is not developed may attract 1 mark, eg “the demon left
the man” or “people scolded the man.”
Max 4 marks for describing one miracle.
Note: the question does not specify Luke’s Gospel as a source, so any miracle
of Jesus is acceptable. If in doubt, check other Gospel accounts to determine
accuracy. (b) How far do you think it is possible for Christians to believe in miracles in the 21st
Century? 6 E
•God doesn’t change. He performed miracles in the past so he still can today. (2)
•People claim to have personal experience of miracles, eg unexpected recovery from illness. (2)
•Some Christians can believe by reinterpreting the term “miracles” to mean psychological rather than physical events. (2)
•Christianity is founded on the miracle of the resurrection, so belief in miracles is integral. (2) Not Possible
•Can’t be verified by scientific method, therefore hard to believe in the modern world. (2)
•Some scholars have reinterpreted Jesus’ miracles as simply acts of a gifted healer. (2)
•Some think biblical healings were really a psychosomatic phenomenon. (2)
•Some argue that God cannot or does not interfere with the laws of nature, so miracles are impossible. (2)
2 marks for each explanation.
3 marks available for a well developed explanation.
A simple point which is not developed may attract 1 mark, eg “people have
experienced miracles” or “you can’t prove miracles.” 2. (a) Describe what happens at a Christian funeral service. 6 KU
•Mourners meet at a church or crematorium. (1)
•Can also take place at the graveside. (1)
•In RC church the Priest prays (1) and the Paschal candle is lit and placed at the foot of the coffin. (2)
•The coffin may be open. (1)
•A bible/cross may be placed on the coffin. (1)
•Service may start with worship in the form of a hymn, eg 23rd Psalm. (2)
•Readings from the Bible which are chosen because they are comforting, eg “Blessed are those who mourn for they shall be comforted.” or “The souls of the righteous are in the hands of God.” (2)
•A eulogy is given by minister/family member/friend reflecting on the life and achievements of the person who has died. (2)
•Minister thanks God for the life of the person and asks for blessings in their new life. (2)
•Words at the graveside show that the body is mortal but the soul lives on. (2)
•“The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away. Blessed be the name of the Lord. For as much as it pleased Almighty God to take to himself the soul of our sister/brother (name), we here commit his/her body to the ground, earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in the hope of the resurrection to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” etc (max 3 for words at commital)
•Priest/Minister thanks God for the hope of resurrection. (2) Orthodox Tradition
•Priest may wear white. (1)
•A picture of Jesus is put into the hands of the person who has died. (2)
•A strip of cloth is placed on the forehead of the deceased (symbolising a victory laurel). (2)
•The body may be sprinkled with holy water and/or incense. (2)
•The body is dressed in new clothes. (1)
2 marks for each description.
3 marks available for a well developed description.
A simple point which is not developed may attract 1 mark, eg “a eulogy is
given” or “the Paschal candle is lit.” (b) “Christian funerals are sad occasions, but it should also be a time of celebration.”
To what extent do you agree with this statement? 6 E
•Christians believe this is the start of a new, better life with God. (2)
•Doctrine of the resurrection means that, like Jesus, Christians will rise again after death (2) in a renewed body (1).
•Many expect to be reunited with loved ones who have already died. (2)
•A funeral provides a chance to recall and celebrate a person’s life and achievements. (2)
•There is nothing good about death, so celebration is not appropriate. (2)
•Even if you believe in an afterlife, the person who has died will be missed by friends and loved ones. (2)
•In some traditions a funeral is a solemn time for all to reflect on their mortality. (2)
2 marks for each explanation.
3 marks available for a well developed explanation.
A simple point which is not developed may attract 1 mark, eg “the person will
be missed” or “the person gets a new life.” 2008 1. (a) Explain what happened next to Elizabeth and Mary. 6KU
•Elizabeth to have a son. (1)
•Despite being barren/too old. (1)
•His name is to be John. (1)
•She did not leave the house for 5 months. (1)
•When Mary came to visit she was filled with the Holy Spirit/recognised Mary as the Mother of the Lord. (1/2)
•Angel Gabriel visited Mary. (1)
•She was to have a son despite being a virgin. (1)
•His name was to be Jesus. (1)
•He will be the Son of the Most High God. (1)
•Mary visited Elizabeth. (1)
Candidates must mention both Elizabeth and Mary – 4KU max points for only
one . (b) “It is important for Christians to believe that the stories of the Incarnation
actually took place.” How far do you agree? 6E
•Incarnation stories in the Bible – the literal word of God. (2)
•Writers of the Incarnation inspired by the Holy Spirit. (2)
•Question the Incarnation stories could challenge the whole message of the Bible. (2)
•Questioning the Incarnation stories could challenge the veracity of the Jesus/Christian message. (2)
•The stories can be symbolically interpreted – look for a deeper meaning/message of the Incarnation story. (2)
•Incarnation message of peace, joy and love much more important than whether it actually took place. (2)
•Christian action is more important than belief in Biblical stories. (2)
Candidates must consider both points of view.
Max 4 for one side 2. (a) Explain fully three practices that happen inside a church at Easter. 6KU
•Church stripped of all colourful decoration. (1)
•To show how desolate Jesus was on the cross. (1)
•Passion story is read – the story of the Crucifixion. (1)
•To remind Christians of the suffering of Christ on the cross. (1)
•Thanks are given. (1)
•To thank God as Jesus went to the cross to save humanity from their sins. (1)
•Some churches keep an Easter Vigil in the evening. (1)
•Paschal Candle – cross and alpha and omega. (1)
•5 grains of sand are placed on it/representing the 5 wounds of Jesus. (1/2)
•Procession of lit candles takes place. (1)
•Representing the victory of light over darkness, good over evil. (1)
•Churches fully decorated – flowers, priest in white robes. (1)
•Representing light, victory over death/evil, the Resurrection of Christ. (1)
•Easter hymns are sung rejoicing in the resurrection. (2)
•Story of the empty tomb and appearances of Christ read out (Easter eggs/boiled eggs coloured). (2)
Palm Sunday – Easter Sunday is the agreed timeframe to award marks.
Candidates must explain customs to get full marks.
Max 4 marks for description only. (b) “The world needs the Easter message more than ever.” Do you agree? 6E
•Message of hope, justice, good over evil and salvation needed in this world of war, hate, injustice. (3) (4 with examples)
•Loss of humanity in today’s world/no one cares. (2) (3 with examples)
•It’s governments not religion which will change the state of the world. (2)
(3 with examples)
•Religion has been the cause not the solution of the world’s problems. (2)
•Evil can never be totally defeated – part of the human condition. (2)
Candidates must consider both points of view.
Max 4 for one side. General 2010 1. (a) What is the Kingdom of God? 2 KU
•God’s rule on earth (1) as it is in heaven. (1)
•Heaven on earth. (1)
•It is where/anywhere people are living the way God wants them to. (2)
•It’s where/anywhere people are loving their neighbour/caring for needy etc. (2)
•The world as it would be if people followed Jesus’ teaching. (2)
2 marks for an explanation. A simple point which is not developed may attract
1 mark. (b) “I tell you who hear me: Love your enemies”
Jesus taught his followers to love their enemies.
What else did he teach them to do? 2 KU
•Pray for people who ill treat you/curse you. (2)
•If someone strikes you, turn the other cheek. (2)
•Give to anyone who asks (1) don’t ask for things back that are taken. (1)
•Do to others as you’d have them do to you. (2)
•Don’t judge others. (1)
•Don’t condemn others. (1)
•Forgive others. (1)
•Take the plank out of your own eye so you can see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye. (2)
•He taught them to pray with the Lord’s prayer. (2)
2 marks for a description. A simple point which is not developed may attract 1
mark. (c) Give two examples of how Jesus put his teaching into action. 4 KU
•Healed people’s diseases (1) − eg Simon’s mother-in-law, man with leprosy, paralytic etc. (+1 for example)
•Exorcisms − freed people from rule of evil forces. (2) eg Legion, demon possessed boy (+1 for example).
•A developed description of any specific healing miracle or exorcism. (2)
•Associated with/touched people who were seen as outcasts/unclean. (2) e.g. Centurion, Zacchaeus, “sinful woman” who anointed Jesus’ feet, leper. (+1 for example).
•In Gethsamane he put God’s will before his own (“not my will but yours.”) (2)
•Drove money changers and sellers from the Temple. (2)
•He didn’t fight back when he was arrested and executed. (2)
•Healed the High Priest’s servant’s ear at his arrest. (2)
•Asked God to forgive the people who were crucifying him. (2)
2 marks for each description. A simple point which is not developed may attract 1 mark, eg “forgave people’s sins”, “healed people.” (d) “Forgiving your enemies does more harm than good.”
Do you agree?
Give two reasons for your answer. 4 E
•Gives license to people to continue to do wrong because there are no consequences. (2)
•It’s unjust − people should be punished for the things they do wrong. (2)
•Can be seen as weakness and makes you vulnerable. (2)
•Meeting hate with love can transform people (ideas of Gandhi, Martin Luther King). (2)
•It’s a starting point for reconciliation between people. (2)
•Gives you the moral high ground. (2)
•Makes it harder for people to dehumanise their enemy. (2)
2 marks for each reason given. A simple point which is not developed may
attract 1 mark, eg “makes you seem weak”, “brings people together.” 2. (a) Describe two things that happen during a communion service. 4 KU
•Prayers to thank God for sacrificing his Son for people’s sins. (2)
•Bible readings which relate to the Last Supper (eg 1 Corinthians 11) (2)
•Confession of sins (1) so that people are able to feel “clean” as they take communion. (1)
•In RC church bread and wine are elevated and Holy Spirit is invoked. (2)
•In RC tradition substance of bread and wine is changed to actual body and blood of Christ (transubstantiation). (2)
•People may approach the communion rail where they are served by the priest/minister. (2)
•In Orthodox church bread sprinkled with wine is offered on a long spoon. (2)
•In some churches people stay in pews and are served by elders/servers. (2)
•In some churches people pass bread and wine to each other and each take a piece/sip. (2)
•As bread and wine are offered server may say “The body of Christ, broken for you” and “The blood of Christ, shed for you.” (2)
•Words of Jesus at Last Supper might be spoken − “this is my body...this is my blood,” etc. (2)
•People eat bread and drink wine (1) to remember the Last Supper. (1)
2 marks for each explanation. A simple point which is not developed may attract 1 mark, eg “people take bread and wine” or “people are served by the priest.” (b) “I never take communion.” (Sandy)
“I take communion every week.” (Graham)
Should all Christians take communion?
Give two reasons for your answer. 4 E
•Jesus told his followers to do it, so it is a command all Christians should obey. (2)
•The symbols of the bread and wine help Christians to focus on important aspects of their faith. (2)
•Communion is a sacrament, so it connects you to God in a special way. (2)
•Communion is an important way of connecting with other Christians (one body). (2)
•The bread and wine are just symbols − you don’t need them to remember Jesus. (2)
•Being a true Christian is more about caring for others than religious rituals. (2)
•Rituals can become mechanical and meaningless − it’s the meaning behind them that really matters. (2)
2 marks for each reason given. A simple point which is not developed may
attract 1 mark, eg “It is a sacrament,” or “It’s the meaning that matters.” (c) “Prayer is the most important thing for Christians”
Do you agree?
Give two reasons for your answer. 4 E
•Important because it allows the person to connect with God in a personal way. (2)
•It’s through prayer that people can ask for God’s help eg at difficult times. (2)
•Jesus taught his followers to pray and he prayed regularly, so clearly important. (2)
•Prayer isn’t what changes things − Christians should be taking action. (2)
•No evidence that people’s prayers are answered. (2)
2 marks for each reason given. A simple point which is not developed may
attract 1 mark, eg “prayers make no difference” or “prayer strengthens faith.” 2009 1. (a) After all the people had been baptised, Jesus also was baptised. What happened next? 4KU
•Jesus praying and heaven was opened. (2)
•Holy spirit came down upon him in the form of a dove. (2)
•A voice (God) spoke (1) “You are my own dear son.
I am pleased with you”. (2)
•Jesus left his home/job and started his ministry. (2)
2 marks for each point described. (1 if not developed) (b) What does Jesus’ baptism mean for Christians? 4 KU
•Affirmation that Jesus was the Son of God. (2)
•Marking of Jesus’ calling to be the Messiah. (2)
•Marking of beginning of preaching ministry of Jesus. (2)
•That they should follow his example and be baptised. (2)
2 marks for each explanation. (c) Who do you agree with? 4 E
•Literal understanding of the Bible gives its divine authority. (2)
•Literal understanding provides a rigour to belief – free from error. (2)
•Literal understanding provides a strong/unquestionable framework not influenced by time/culture/geography. (2)
•Allows a deeper understanding of the message behind the account. (2)
•Allows an explanation of some of the differences/contradictions. (2)
•Allows an opportunity to uncover spiritual rather than factual truth. (2)
2 marks for each reason given. 2. (a) Who do you agree with? 4 E
•Part of tradition – has worked successfully for centuries. (2)
•Most modern vows actually reflect these. (2)
•Essence of marriage encapsulated in these vows. (2)
•People need guidance – maybe flippant. (2)
•Relationships are different – need to have vows that suit the couple. (2)
•Marriage a personal matter – own vows allow couple to express significant elements of their relationship. (2)
•Should not prescribe what the promises should be – allow choice. (2)
•Making own vows allows couple to explore meaning of marriage to them. (2)
2 marks for each reason given. (b) State four other things that happen at a Christian marriage service. 4 KU
•Minister/priest asks whether they accept each other in marriage. (1)
•Sermon given. (1)
•Bible reading focusing on love/relationships. (1)
•Rings exchanged. (1)
•Minister/priest pronounces them man and wife – married. (1)
•Maximum of 2 marks if only general statements about ‘marriage services’.
•1 generic mark allowed.
Marks given according to relevant item being mentioned. (c) Is it important for Christians to get married in Church? 4 E
•Will receive guidance/preparation from the minister/priest before the ceremony. (2)
•Married in the eyes of God. (2)
•Marriage is blessed by God. (2)
•Public declaration in front of Christian community. (2)
•Building gives a solemnity/spiritual element. (2)
•Not necessarily in church − God is everywhere. (2)
•Not the place that is important but the people are the Church. (2)
2 marks for each reason given.
Any reasonable answer accepted. 2008 1. (a) What happened next? 4KU
•He heard the crowd passing by (1) and asked, “What is this?”. (2)
•He cried out (1) “Jesus! Son of David! Take pity on me”. (2)
•The people scolded him and told him to be quiet. (2)
•He shouted more loudly, “Son of David! Take pity on me!” (2)
•Jesus stopped and ordered the man to be brought before him. (2)
•Jesus asked the blind man what he wanted Jesus to do for him. (2)
•The blind man stated that he wanted to see again. (1)
•Jesus said, “Then see! Your faith has made you well again”. (2)
•The blind man saw again (1) and followed Jesus, giving thanks to God. (2)
•The crowd saw the miracle and praised God. (2)
•The marks can be made up of several parts of the story. (b) Describe fully one of the other miracles of Jesus. 4KU
A Man with an Evil Spirit
•Jesus went to Capernaum. (1)
•The people were amazed at the way he taught, because he taught with authority. (2)
•In the synagogue a man with an evil spirit screamed out “Ah! What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Are you here to destroy us? I know who you are: you are God’s holy messenger!”. (2)
•Jesus ordered the spirit to be quiet and come out of the man. (2)
•The demon threw the man down in front of the crowd and left him unharmed. (2)
•The people were amazed and questioned each other – “what kind of words are these?”. (2)
•The reports of Jesus spread everywhere in the region (Galilee). (2) Jesus heals a Roman Officer’s Servant
•Jesus was in Capernaum. (1)
•A Roman Officer had a servant that was very dear to him (1) – the servant was about to die. (2)
•The Officer heard about Jesus and sent some Jewish elders to ask Jesus to come and heal his servant. (2)
•The elders begged Jesus earnestly/pleaded for the Roman Officer – he’d built a synagogue. (2)
•Jesus agreed to help and set off, however, before he reached the Roman Officer’s house, the Officer approached him and said that he did not deserve Jesus to enter his house/speak to him in person. (2)
•He asked Jesus simply to give the order and cure his servant. (2)
•Jesus said that he had never encountered such faith. (2)
•The Officer went home and found his servant cured. (1)
Any other miracle story is acceptable. (Marks given accordingly). (c) Do you think it is hard for Christians today to believe in the healing miracles of
Jesus? Give reasons for your answer. 4E
•Jesus is God incarnate – anything is possible. (2)
•True Christians should believe in the literal truth of the Bible/miracles. (2)
•These miracles were simply a way of expressing Jesus’ greatness/of confirming his uniqueness. (2)
•Science and medicine disprove the healing miracles. (2)
Any reasonable answer accepted. (d) Many Christians try to stop injustice. Do you think all Christians have a duty to
stop injustice? Give reasons for your answer. 4E
•Jesus stood up to injustice/helped those less fortunate. (2)
•Jesus challenged corruption. (2)
•Basic Christian values suggest that we should love our neighbour – this necessarily requires that we look out for others/protect others. (2)
•Christians can promote the teachings of Jesus in other ways – charity, etc. (2)
•Christians can be selective about how they choose to follow Jesus. (2)
•As long as some Christians oppose injustice they reflect the sentiment of the majority. (2) 2. (a) Describe one type of baptism you have studied. 4KU
•Often take place during a Eucharist or family service. (2)
•The parents agree to help the child grow up as a Christian (1). They promise to set a good example of Christian living. (2)
•The parents and godparents may sign the child with the cross. (2)
•The child’s family gathers with the priest at the font and the water is blessed. (2)
•The congregation state their belief in God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. (2)
•Water is poured on the head three times – ‘I baptise you in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit’. (2)
•The parents and child may be given a lighted candle (light of Christ). (1/2)
•The congregation welcome the child into the family of God. (2) Orthodox baptism
•The godparents are asked to answer for the child when they are asked to turn away from evil. (2)
•The water in the font is blessed. (1)
•Prayers are said for the child. (1)
•The child is anointed with oil called chrism. (1/2)
•The child is immersed three times in the water and baptised ‘in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit’. (2)
•The child is dried and dressed in a baptismal robe. (2)
•A cross is hung around the child’s neck. (1)
•Immediately after baptism the ceremony of chrismation takes place, in which the child is confirmed as a full member of the church. (2) Roman Catholic baptism
•Takes place during mass. (1)
•The child, parents and godparents are welcomed by the priest. (2)
•The sign of the cross is made on the child’s forehead by the priest. (1)
•Bible readings are followed by a homily, during which the meaning of baptism is explained. (1/2)
•The child is anointed with oil – a sign that the child is dedicated to God. (1/2)
•The parents and godparents reject evil. (2)
•Water is poured on the forehead three times in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. (2)
•A candle is lit from the paschal candle and given to the parents. (1/2) Believers’ baptism
•Candidates enter the pool by a set of steps, this shows that they wish to leave their old sinful life behind. (2)
•They are briefly immersed in the water – old life has died. (1/2)
•They leave the pool and their new lives as Christians begin. (1)
Marks awarded according to detail. (b) Who do you agree with? Give reasons for your answer. 4E
•People can still follow the teachings/actions of Jesus without having been baptised. (2)
•God gave free will. Christians can choose how to interpret the Bible. (2)
•Christians should demonstrate faith by following sacraments/rites of passage. (2)
•True Christians would baptise their children/opt to have a believer’s baptism. (2). 39 Soon afterwards Mary got ready and hurried off to a town in the hill country of Judea. 40 She went into Zechariah's house and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby moved within her. Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit 42 and said in a loud voice, “You are the most blessed of all women, and blessed is the child you will bear! 43 Why should this great thing happen to me, that my Lord's mother comes to visit me? 44 For as soon as I heard your greeting, the baby within me jumped with gladness. 45 How happy you are to believe that the Lord's message to you will come true!”
46 Mary said, “My heart praises the Lord; 47 my soul is glad because of God my Saviour, 48 for he has remembered me, his lowly servant!
From now on all people will call me happy, 49 because of the great things the Mighty God has done for me. His name is holy; 50 from one generation to another he shows mercy to those who honour him. 51 He has stretched out his mighty arm and scattered the proud with all their plans. 52 He has brought down mighty kings from their thrones, and lifted up the lowly. 53 He has filled the hungry with good things, and sent the rich away with empty hands. 54 He has kept the promise he made to our ancestors, and has come to the help of his servant Israel. 55 He has remembered to show mercy to Abraham and to all his descendants for ever!”
56 Mary stayed about three months with Elizabeth and then went back home. 41 Every year the parents of Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Passover Festival. 42 When Jesus was twelve years old, they went to the festival as usual. 43 When the festival was over, they started back home, but the boy Jesus stayed in Jerusalem. His parents did not know this; 44 they thought that he was with the group, so they travelled a whole day and then started looking for him among their relatives and friends. 45 They did not find him, so they went back to Jerusalem looking for him. 46 On the third day they found him in the Temple, sitting with the Jewish teachers, listening to them and asking questions. 47 All who heard him were amazed at his intelligent answers. 48 His parents were astonished when they saw him, and his mother said to him, “My son, why have you done this to us? Your father and I have been terribly worried trying to find you.”
49 He answered them, “Why did you have to look for me? Didn't you know that I had to be in my Father's house?” 50 But they did not understand his answer.
51 So Jesus went back with them to Nazareth, where he was obedient to them. His mother treasured all these things in her heart. 52 Jesus grew both in body and in wisdom, gaining favour with God and people. 25 A teacher of the Law came up and tried to trap Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to receive eternal life?”
26 Jesus answered him, “What do the Scriptures say? How do you interpret them?”
27 The man answered, “ ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind’; and ‘Love your neighbour as you love yourself.’ ”
28 “You are right,” Jesus replied; “do this and you will live.”
29 But the teacher of the Law wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, “Who is my neighbour?”
30 Jesus answered, “There was once a man who was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho when robbers attacked him, stripped him, and beat him up, leaving him half dead. 31 It so happened that a priest was going down that road; but when he saw the man, he walked on by, on the other side. 32 In the same way a Levite also came along, went over and looked at the man, and then walked on by, on the other side. 33 But a Samaritan who was travelling that way came upon the man, and when he saw him, his heart was filled with pity. 34 He went over to him, poured oil and wine on his wounds and bandaged them; then he put the man on his own animal and took him to an inn, where he took care of him. 35 The next day he took out two silver coins and gave them to the innkeeper. ‘Take care of him,’ he told the innkeeper, ‘and when I come back this way, I will pay you whatever else you spend on him.’ ”
36 And Jesus concluded, “In your opinion, which one of these three acted like a neighbour towards the man attacked by the robbers?”
37 The teacher of the Law answered, “The one who was kind to him.”
Jesus replied, “You go, then, and do the same.” 18 Jesus asked, “What is the Kingdom of God like? What shall I compare it with? 19 It is like this. A man takes a mustard seed and sows it in his field. The plant grows and becomes a tree, and the birds make their nests in its branches.” 20 Again Jesus asked, “What shall I compare the Kingdom of God with? 21 It is like this. A woman takes some yeast and mixes it with forty litres of flour until the whole batch of dough rises.” 2010
a. What does ‘quote’ mean to Christians 6KU
b. ‘quote’ do you agree 6E
a. explain fully three practices that happen in a church during ‘season’ 6KU
b. Does ‘season’ have a place today 6E 2009
a. describe fully two ‘miracles’ 6KU
b. can Christian believe in ‘miracles’ today 6E
a. describe what happens at a ‘service’6KU
b. ‘quote’ do you agree 6E 2008
a. What happened next? 6KU
b. ‘quote’ do you agree 6E
a. explain fully three practices that happen in a church during ‘season’ 6KU
b. ‘services’ do you agree 6E A) The Teachings of Jesus
1:Love for Enemies
2:The Good Samaritan
3:The Lord’s Prayer
4:The Parable of the Mustard Seed / The Parable of the Yeast
5:The Cost of being a Disciple
6:The Lost Son
B) The Actions of Jesus
1:Jesus drives out an Evil Spirit and Heals People
2:The Healing of a Centurion’s Servant
3:The Healing of a blind beggar
4:The Story of Zacchaeus
Luke 19:1-10 “Luke shows that the Kingdom of God did not come with an army of soldiers. The Kingdom of God did not come with fire from the sky. Instead, it came with one man and his twelve followers. The Kingdom came into history, but it did not change history in the way that the Jews had expected.
Jesus did not start a political movement or a revolution. He did not preach the violent overthrow of the Roman Empire. The Kingdom that Jesus preached was not a country or a state. Instead, Jesus talked about the rule of God in people’s lives. Where God rules is where his Kingdom is to be found. This idea was right at the heart of Jesus’ message.” 27 “But I tell you who hear me: love your enemies, do good to those
who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, and pray for those who ill-treat you. 29 If anyone hits you on one cheek, let him hit the other one too; if someone takes your coat, let him have your shirt as well. 30 Give to everyone who asks you for something, and when someone takes what is yours, do not ask for it back. 31 Do for others just what you want them to do for you.
32 “If you love only the people who love you, why should you receive a blessing? Even sinners love those who love them! 33 And if you do good only to those who do good to you, why should you receive a blessing? Even sinners do that! 34 And if you lend only to those from whom you hope to get it back, why should you receive a blessing? Even sinners lend to sinners, to get back the same amount! 35 No! Love your enemies and do good to them; lend and expect nothing back. You will then have a great reward, and you will be children of the Most High God. For he is good to the ungrateful and the wicked. 36 Be merciful just as your Father is merciful. 1 One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When he had finished, one of his disciples said to him,
“Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples.”
2 Jesus said to them, “When you pray, say this:
May your holy name be honoured;
may your Kingdom come.
3 Give us day by day the food we need.
4 Forgive us our sins,
for we forgive everyone who does us wrong.
And do not bring us to hard testing.’ ” 25 Once when large crowds of people were going along with Jesus, he
turned and said to them, 26 “Those who come to me cannot be my disciples unless they love me more than they love father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, and themselves as well.
27 Those who do not carry their own cross and come after me cannot be my disciples.
28 “If one of you is planning to build a tower, you sit down first and work out what it will cost, to see if you have enough money to finish the job. 29 If you don't, you will not be able to finish the tower after laying the foundation; and all who see what happened will laugh at you. 30 ‘This man began to build but can't finish the job!’ they will say.
31 “If a king goes out with ten thousand men to fight another king who comes against him with twenty thousand men, he will sit down first and decide if he is strong enough to face that other king. 32 If he isn't, he will send messengers to meet the other king, to ask for terms of peace while he is still a long way off. 33 In the same way,” concluded Jesus, “none of you can be my disciple unless you give up everything you have. 11 Jesus went on to say, “There was once a man who had two sons.
12 The younger one said to him, ‘Father, give me my share of the
property now.’ So the man divided his property between his two sons. 13 After a few days the younger son sold his part of the property and left home with the money. He went to a country far away, where he wasted his money in reckless living. 14 He spent everything he had. Then a severe famine spread over that country, and he was left without a thing. 15 So he went to work for one of the citizens of that country, who sent him out to his farm to take care of the pigs. 16 He wished he could fill himself with the bean pods the pigs ate, but no one gave him anything to eat. 17 At last he came to his senses and said, ‘All my father's hired workers have more than they can eat, and here I am about to starve! 18 I will get up and go to my father and say, Father, I have sinned against God and against you. 19 I am no longer fit to be called your son; treat me as one of your hired workers.’ 20 So he got up and started back to his father.
“He was still a long way from home when his father saw him; his heart was filled with pity, and he ran, threw his arms round his son, and kissed him. 21 ‘Father,’ the son said, ‘I have sinned against God and against you. I am no longer fit to be called your son.’ 22 But the father called his servants. ‘Hurry!’ he said. ‘Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and shoes on his feet. 23 Then go and get the prize calf and kill it, and let us celebrate with a feast! 24 For this son of mine was dead, but now he is alive; he was lost, but now he has been found.’ And so the feasting began.
25 “In the meantime the elder son was out in the field. On his way back, when he came close to the house, he heard the music and dancing. 26 So he called one of the servants and asked him, ‘What's going on?’ 27 ‘Your brother has come back home,’ the servant answered, ‘and your father has killed the prize calf, because he got him back safe and sound.’
28 “The elder brother was so angry that he would not go into the house; so his father came out and begged him to come in. 29 But he answered his father, ‘Look, all these years I have worked for you like a slave, and I have never disobeyed your orders. What have you given me? Not even a goat for me to have a feast with my friends! 30 But this son of yours wasted all your property on prostitutes, and when he comes back home, you kill the prize calf for him!’ 31 ‘My son,’ the father answered, ‘you are always here with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be happy, because your brother was dead, but now he is alive; he was lost, but now he has been found.’ ” Jesus demonstrated what the Kingdom of God was through what he taught by preaching and speaking but also through what he did.
He showed that:
•The Kingdom of God is about God’s love for everyone
• The Kingdom of God is a place of healing –
He showed this by his miracles
• The Kingdom of God is a place of new beginnings –
He showed this by reaching out to Zacchaeus
• The Kingdom of God is a place of acceptance -
Jesus demonstrates this in meeting and helping outcasts
• The Kingdom of God is a place of obedience to God -
Jesus obeys God 31 Then Jesus went to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, where he taught the people on the Sabbath. 32 They were all amazed at the way he taught, because he spoke with authority.
33 In the synagogue was a man who had the spirit of an evil demon in him; he screamed out in a loud voice, 34 “Ah! What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Are you here to destroy us? I know who you are: you are God's holy messenger!”
35 Jesus ordered the spirit, “Be quiet and come out of the man!” The demon threw the man down in front of them and went out of him without doing him any harm.
36 The people were all amazed and said to one another, “What kind of words are these? With authority and power this man gives orders to the evil spirits, and they come out!” 37 And the report about Jesus spread everywhere in that region.
38 Jesus left the synagogue and went to Simon's house. Simon's mother-in-law was sick with a high fever, and they spoke to Jesus about her. 39 He went and stood at her bedside and ordered the fever to leave her. The fever left her, and she got up at once and began to wait on them.
40 After sunset all who had friends who were sick with various diseases brought them to Jesus; he placed his hands on every one of them and healed them all. 41 Demons also went out from many people, screaming, “You are the Son of God!” Jesus gave the demons an order and would not let them speak, because they knew that he was the Messiah.
42 At daybreak Jesus left the town and went off to a lonely place. The people started looking for him, and when they found him, they tried to keep him from leaving. 43 But he said to them, “I must preach the Good News about the Kingdom of God in other towns also, because that is what God sent me to do.” 44 So he preached in the synagogues throughout the country. 1 When Jesus had finished saying all these things to the people, he went to Capernaum. 2 A Roman officer there had a servant who was very dear to him; the man was sick and about to die. 3 When the officer heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish elders to ask him to come and heal his servant. 4 They came to Jesus and begged him earnestly, “This man really deserves your help. 5 He loves our people and he himself built a synagogue for us.”
6 So Jesus went with them. He was not far from the house when the officer sent friends to tell him, “Sir, don't trouble yourself. I do not deserve to have you come into my house, 7 neither do I consider myself worthy to come to you in person. Just give the order, and my servant will get well. 8 I, too, am a man placed under the authority of superior officers, and I have soldiers under me. I order this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes; I order that one, ‘Come!’ and he comes; and I order my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.”
9 Jesus was surprised when he heard this; he turned round and said to the crowd following him, “I tell you, I have never found faith like this, not even in Israel!” 10 The messengers went back to the officer's house and found his servant well. 35 As Jesus was coming near Jericho, there was a blind man sitting by the road, begging. 36 When he heard the crowd passing by, he asked, “What is this?”
37 “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by,” they told him.
38 He cried out, “Jesus! Son of David! Take pity on me!”
39 The people in front scolded him and told him to be quiet. But he shouted even more loudly, “Son of David! Take pity on me!”
40 So Jesus stopped and ordered the blind man to be brought to him. When he came near, Jesus asked him, 41 “What do you want me to do for you?”
“Sir,” he answered, “I want to see again.”
42 Jesus said to him, “Then see! Your faith has made you well.”
43 At once he was able to see, and he followed Jesus, giving thanks to God. When the crowd saw it, they all praised God. 1 Jesus went on into Jericho and was passing through. 2 There was a chief tax collector there named Zacchaeus, who was rich. 3 He was trying to see who Jesus was, but he was a little man and could not see Jesus because of the crowd. 4 So he ran ahead of the crowd and climbed a sycamore tree to see Jesus, who was going to pass that way. 5 When Jesus came to that place, he looked up and said to Zacchaeus, “Hurry down, Zacchaeus, because I must stay in your house today.”
6 Zacchaeus hurried down and welcomed him with great joy. 7 All the people who saw it started grumbling, “This man has gone as a guest to the home of a sinner!”
8 Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Listen, sir! I will give half my belongings to the poor, and if I have cheated anyone, I will pay back four times as much.”
9 Jesus said to him, “Salvation has come to this house today, for this man, also, is a descendant of Abraham. 10 The Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” Miracles For Luke, the purpose of the miracles are:
- to show the power of God
- to show the power of faith in God
- to show the depth of God’s love “An event that appears inexplicable by the laws of nature and so is held to be supernatural in origin or an act of God.” A) The Death of Jesus
1:Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus & The Last Supper
2:Jesus Prays in the Garden & Jesus is Arrested
3:Jesus before Pilate and Herod & The Crowd release Barabbas
Luke 22:66-71 & 23:1-25
5:The Death of Jesus
6:The Burial of Jesus
B) The Resurrection of Jesus
2:The Road to Emmaus
3:Jesus Appears to the Disciples
Luke 24:50-53 Those who believe in a literal, physical resurrection believe:
-It proves Jesus was the Son of God (strengthens Christian faith)
-It shows that there is life after death
-It gives hope for believers
-It shows that good will triumph over evil
-It means death is defeated, we can be forgiven
Those who do not believe in a literal resurrection believe:
-Even though it is metaphorical it shows people can have hope
-It shows that we can all have a fresh start when life goes wrong
-It shows that we should help others have a fresh start
-It demonstrates that there may be a life after death
Some Christians do not believe it is an important aspect of Christianity, they believe:
-Jesus’ teachings about love, forgiveness and acceptance are what is important
-The resurrection is too unbelievable and takes away from the important teachings of Jesus
-These kinds of beliefs are not practical enough to really help people Why is the Resurrection important? The Plot against Jesus
1 The time was near for the Festival of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover. 2 The chief priests and the teachers of the Law were afraid of the people, and so they were trying to find a way of putting Jesus to death secretly.
Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
3 Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve disciples. 4 So Judas went off and spoke with the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard about how he could betray Jesus to them. 5 They were pleased and offered to pay him money. 6 Judas agreed to it and started looking for a good chance to hand Jesus over to them without the people knowing about it.
Jesus Prepares to Eat the Passover Meal
7 The day came during the Festival of Unleavened Bread when the lambs for the Passover meal were to be killed. 8 Jesus sent off Peter and John with these instructions: “Go and get the Passover meal ready for us to eat.” 9 “Where do you want us to get it ready?” they asked him. 10 He answered, “As you go into the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him into the house that he enters, 11 and say to the owner of the house: ‘The Teacher says to you, Where is the room where my disciples and I will eat the Passover meal?’ 12 He will show you a large furnished room upstairs, where you will get everything ready.” 13 They went off and found everything just as Jesus had told them, and they prepared the Passover meal.
The Lord's Supper
14 When the hour came, Jesus took his place at the table with the apostles. 15 He said to them, “I have wanted so much to eat this Passover meal with you before I suffer! 16 For I tell you, I will never eat it until it is given its full meaning in the Kingdom of God.” 17 Then Jesus took a cup, gave thanks to God, and said, “Take this and share it among yourselves. 18 I tell you that from now on I will not drink this wine until the Kingdom of God comes.”
19 Then he took a piece of bread, gave thanks to God, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in memory of me.”
20 In the same way, he gave them the cup after the supper, saying, “This cup is God's new covenant sealed with my blood, which is poured out for you. 21 “But, look! The one who betrays me is here at the table with me!
22 The Son of Man will die as God has decided, but how terrible for that man who betrays him!” 23 Then they began to ask among themselves which one of them it could be who was going to do this. Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives
39 Jesus left the city and went, as he usually did, to the Mount of Olives; and the disciples went with him. 40 When he arrived at the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.”
41 Then he went off from them about the distance of a stone's throw and knelt down and prayed. 42 “Father,” he said, “if you will, take this cup of suffering away from me. Not my will, however, but your will be done.” 43 An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 44 In great anguish he prayed even more fervently; his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.
45 Rising from his prayer, he went back to the disciples and found them asleep, worn out by their grief. 46 He said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you will not fall into temptation.”
The Arrest of Jesus
47 Jesus was still speaking when a crowd arrived, led by Judas, one of the twelve disciples. He came up to Jesus to kiss him. 48 But Jesus said, “Judas, is it with a kiss that you betray the Son of Man?”
49 When the disciples who were with Jesus saw what was going to happen, they asked, “Shall we use our swords, Lord?” 50 And one of them struck the High Priest's slave and cut off his right ear.
51 But Jesus said, “Enough of this!” He touched the man's ear and healed him.
52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and the elders who had come there to get him, “Did you have to come with swords and clubs, as though I were an outlaw? 53 I was with you in the Temple every day, and you did not try to arrest me. But this is your hour to act, when the power of darkness rules.” Jesus is Brought before the Council
66 When day came, the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the Law met together, and Jesus was brought before the Council. 67 “Tell us,” they said, “are you the Messiah?”
He answered, “If I tell you, you will not believe me; 68 and if I ask you a question, you will not answer. 69 But from now on the Son of Man will be seated on the right of Almighty God.”
70 They all said, “Are you, then, the Son of God?”
He answered them, “You say that I am.”
71 And they said, “We don't need any witnesses! We ourselves have heard what he said!”
Jesus is Brought before Pilate
1 The whole group rose up and took Jesus before Pilate, 2 where they began to accuse him: “We caught this man misleading our people, telling them not to pay taxes to the Emperor and claiming that he himself is the Messiah, a king.”
3 Pilate asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”
“So you say,” answered Jesus.
4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no reason to condemn this man.”
5 But they insisted even more strongly, “With his teaching he is starting a riot among the people all through Judea. He began in Galilee and now has come here.”
Jesus is Sent to Herod
6 When Pilate heard this, he asked, “Is this man a Galilean?” 7 When he learnt that Jesus was from the region ruled by Herod, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. 8 Herod was very pleased when he saw Jesus, because he had heard about him and had been wanting to see him for a long time. He was hoping to see Jesus perform some miracle. 9 So Herod asked Jesus many questions, but Jesus made no answer. 10 The chief priests and the teachers of the Law stepped forward and made strong accusations against Jesus. 11 Herod and his soldiers mocked Jesus and treated him with contempt; then they put a fine robe on him and sent him back to Pilate. 12 On that very day Herod and Pilate became friends; before this they had been enemies.
Jesus is Sentenced to Death
13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the leaders, and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought this man to me and said that he was misleading the people. Now, I have examined him here in your presence, and I have not found him guilty of any of the crimes you accuse him of. 15 Nor did Herod find him guilty, for he sent him back to us. There is nothing this man has done to deserve death. 16 So I will have him whipped and let him go.”
18 The whole crowd cried out, “Kill him! Set Barabbas free for us!” 19 (Barabbas had been put in prison for a riot that had taken place in the city, and for murder.)
20 Pilate wanted to set Jesus free, so he appealed to the crowd again. 21 But they shouted back, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”
22 Pilate said to them the third time, “But what crime has he committed? I cannot find anything he has done to deserve death! I will have him whipped and set him free.”
23 But they kept on shouting at the top of their voices that Jesus should be crucified, and finally their shouting succeeded. 24 So Pilate passed the sentence on Jesus that they were asking for. 25 He set free the man they wanted, the one who had been put in prison for riot and murder, and he handed Jesus over for them to do as they wished. 32 Two other men, both of them criminals, were also led out to be put to death with Jesus. 33 When they came to the place called “The Skull”, they crucified Jesus there, and the two criminals, one on his right and the other on his left. 34 Jesus said, “Forgive them, Father! They don't know what they are doing.”
They divided his clothes among themselves by throwing dice. 35 The people stood there watching while the Jewish leaders jeered at him: “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Messiah whom God has chosen!”
36 The soldiers also mocked him: they came up to him and offered him cheap wine, 37 and said, “Save yourself if you are the king of the Jews!”
38 Above him were written these words: “This is the King of the Jews.”
39 One of the criminals hanging there hurled insults at him: “Aren't you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!”
40 The other one, however, rebuked him, saying, “Don't you fear God? You received the same sentence he did. 41 Ours, however, is only right, because we are getting what we deserve for what we did; but he has done no wrong.” 42 And he said to Jesus, “Remember me, Jesus, when you come as King!”
43 Jesus said to him, “I promise you that today you will be in Paradise with me.” 44-45 It was about twelve o'clock when the sun stopped shining and darkness covered the whole country until three o'clock; and the curtain hanging in the Temple was torn in two. 46 Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Father! In your hands I place my spirit!” He said this and died.
47 The army officer saw what had happened, and he praised God, saying, “Certainly he was a good man!”
48 When the people who had gathered there to watch the spectacle saw what happened, they all went back home, beating their breasts in sorrow. 49 All those who knew Jesus personally, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance to watch.
50-51 There was a man named Joseph from Arimathea, a town in Judea. He was a good and honourable man, who was waiting for the coming of the Kingdom of God. Although he was a member of the Council, he had not agreed with their decision and action. 52 He went into the presence of Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then he took the body down, wrapped it in a linen sheet, and placed it in a tomb which had been dug out of solid rock and which had never been used. 54 It was Friday, and the Sabbath was about to begin.
55 The women who had followed Jesus from Galilee went with Joseph and saw the tomb and how Jesus' body was placed in it. 56 Then they went back home and prepared the spices and perfumes for the body.
On the Sabbath they rested, as the Law commanded. 1 Very early on Sunday morning the women went to the tomb, carrying the spices they had prepared. 2 They found the stone rolled away from the entrance to the tomb, 3 so they went in; but they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4 They stood there puzzled about this, when suddenly two men in bright shining clothes stood by them. 5 Full of fear, the women bowed down to the ground, as the men said to them, “Why are you looking among the dead for one who is alive? 6 He is not here; he has been raised. Remember what he said to you while he was in Galilee: 7 ‘The Son of Man must be handed over to sinners, be crucified, and three days later rise to life.’ ”
8 Then the women remembered his words, 9 returned from the tomb, and told all these things to the eleven disciples and all the rest. 10 The women were Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James; they and the other women with them told these things to the apostles. 11 But the apostles thought that what the women said was nonsense, and they did not believe them. 12 But Peter got up and ran to the tomb; he bent down and saw the linen wrappings but nothing else. Then he went back home amazed at what had happened. 2011
a. Explain the importance of Mary’s visit to her cousin Elizabeth. 6KU
b. “I am a committed Christian but do not believe in the Incarnation.”
Do you think all Christians should believe in the Incarnation? 6E
a. “Christ is risen!”
Explain three ways in which the Resurrection is shown in the Easter Day Service.
b. Easter should just be for Christians. It should not be a national holiday.
Do you agree? 2011 1. (a) Explain the importance of Mary’s visit to her cousin Elizabeth.
• Elizabeth’s baby moves, “jumps with gladness” – recognition of the importance of the forthcoming birth of the Saviour. (3)
• Elizabeth’s baby moves – recognition of the connection between the 2 babies – John the Baptist and Jesus. (2)
• Elizabeth filled with the Holy Spirit – birth of her own and Mary’s baby of spiritual significance – acknowledgement that these 2 births are the acts of God. (2)
• Elizabeth vocalises the significance “You are the most blessed of all women” of Mary and “Blessed is the child you will bear” and reinforces the notion that Mary has been chosen to carry the Lord. (3)
• Elizabeth emphasises the Annunciation and Mary’s belief (after initial doubt) in the birth of a Saviour is coming true. (2)
• Ends with the Magnificat fulfilment of God’s promise, mercy and justice shown to people of Israel in times past and now again. (3)
Question is not just looking for a description of events. 6 KU (b) “I am a committed Christian but do not believe in the Incarnation”
Do you think all Christians should believe in the Incarnation?
• Incarnation is God made flesh – fulfilment of prophecy that a Messiah will return. (2)
• Jesus is both human and God – God is working through him in a unique way but still capable of feeling pain and being subject to human faults. (3)
• Jesus as a man shows people what a true human being is. (2)
• Jesus as God shows what God is like in a way people can understand. (2)
• To literally believe the Incarnation shows commitment to the message of peace, joy and goodwill to all humanity. (2)
• The Incarnation allows both the Bible and the teachings of Christ to be taken literally as being directly from God – gives weight. (2)
• Significant story in the Bible to be taken literally as indicates that Jesus is the Son of God. (2)
• Without literal belief in the Incarnation veracity of Jesus’ teaching and actions may be subject to interpretation and error. (2) No
• Modern Christians may see the Incarnation as symbolic – look for a
deeper meaning behind the story. (2)
• Message of the Incarnation – love of God for humanity, peace, joy and goodwill has greater significance than actual story. (3)
• Story of the Incarnation contradicts modern scientific theory – difficult to believe in the 21st century. (2)
• God coming in human form features in ancient religious teachings – a well tested vehicle for allowing humans to know the nature of God. (2)
• Not taking the Incarnation story literally does not detract from faith. (2)
• Parts of Bible test belief in a loving God (OT) therefore not always
judicious to have a literal understanding. (2)
• Can still carry the message of Christ without literal belief (2) with examples eg good works, prayer etc. (3)
• Message of the Incarnation is love of God for humanity, peace, joy and goodwill – a new dawn brought about through the birth of Christ still stands. (2)
• Diversity of belief in Christianity. (2) 2. (a) Explain three ways in which the Resurrection is shown in the Easter Day Service.
• Celebrated on Sunday – the day Christ rose from the dead. (1)
• Church will be decorated with spring flowers to make the church colourful and bright – signifying the joyful nature of the Resurrection. (2)
• Minster/priest will wear white robes signifying the message of hope and contrasting with the dark robes worn on Good Friday. (2)
• Readings from the Bible will pertain to the Resurrection – message of hope. (2)
• Easter hymns will be sung – celebrating the message of the Resurrection (1) victory of life over death (2) good overcoming evil. (3)
• Some churches will hold a service early in the morning, just as day breaks, to remember how Mary went to the tomb at daybreak and discovered the empty tomb and Jesus alive. (2)
Maximum of 3 marks for a list. 6 KU (b) Easter should just be for Christians. It should not be a national holiday.
Do you agree?
• True meaning of Easter not shared by all – inappropriate that all people get the holiday. (2)
• Belittles the message of Easter – exacerbated by the fact that the festival has become commercial through the sale of Easter eggs etc. (2)
• Other religions do not get national holidays. (1)
• Non-Christians may wish to work and not choose to have this specific day off. (2)
• Part of the Easter holiday falls on Monday – has no significance compared to the religious contemplation during Holy week and Easter Sunday. (2)
• Easter holiday may not match spring holidays eg for schools. Can cause disruption to work as additional weekend added. (2)
• Orthodox Easter dates may be different. (2) No
• Christianity the biggest religion in Britain – important to uphold the national traditions. (2)
• Would lead to divisions if only Christians took this holiday. (2)
• Sporting fixtures take place on the Monday – would lead to disruption? (2)
Any other reasonable answers acceptable. 2011
a. What happened after Jesus was brought before Pilate?
b. Christians believe Jesus was resurrected. What does the Resurrection of Jesus mean?
c. Do you think believing in the Resurrection is helpful to Christians today?
Give two reasons for your answer.
a.Do you think Jesus is a good role model for Christians? Give two reasons for your answer.
b.Describe the work of one Christian organisation that helps those less fortunate in society.
c. “People only help others to make themselves feel good.”
Do you agree?
Give two reasons for your answer. 2011 1. (a) What happened after Jesus was brought before Pilate?
• The group began to accuse Jesus of misleading the people. (2)
• The group accused Jesus of encouraging the people not to pay taxes. (2)
• The group accused Jesus of claiming to be the Messiah, a King. (2)
• Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the King of the Jews?” (2)
• “So you say,” answered Jesus. (1)
• Pilate found no reason to condemn Jesus. (1)
• The crowd insisted more strongly. (1)
• Jesus was sent to Herod. (1)
• Herod was pleased to see Jesus because he had heard all about him. (2)
• Herod hoped to see Jesus perform some kind of miracle. (2)
• Herod asked Jesus many questions, but Jesus made no answer. (2)
• The chief priests and teachers of the Law made strong accusations
against Jesus. (2)
• Herod and his soldiers mocked Jesus and treated him with contempt. (2)
• They put a fine robe on him. (1)
• Jesus subsequently sentenced to death. (1) (b) Christians believe Jesus was resurrected. What does the Resurrection of
• When Jesus is believed to have risen from the dead. (2)
• Jesus died and then was alive once more. (2)
• The return to bodily life three days after his death by crucifixion. (2)
• The resurrection is an essential part of Christianity. (2)
• The resurrection of the body – the body of the risen Christ was the same
body as before. (2)
• The spiritual resurrection – Jesus is alive and present today, what matters
is that Jesus was and is present. (2) (c) Do you think believing in the Resurrection is helpful to Christians today?
Give two reasons for your answer.
• The resurrection shows that Jesus is the Son of God. (2)
• The resurrection shows that there is hope of life after death. (2)
• The resurrection offers hope that good can overcome evil. (2)
• The resurrection shows that miracles can happen. (2)
• Christians rely on Jesus’ promise that he will always be with them. (2)
• The resurrection means that Christians can pray to God at any time believing that Jesus is with them, and that his death made it possible for them to speak to God. (3)
• Christians believe that wherever they are or whatever they are doing Jesus is with them. (2) No
• The resurrection cannot be proven and cannot be taken seriously. (2)
• Christians do not need to believe in the resurrection to trust Jesus. (2)
• Christians are able to read biblical stories literally and still derive meaning/purpose. (2)
Any reasonable answer accepted. 2. (a) Do you think Jesus is a good role model for Christians? Give two reasons
for your answer.
• Jesus was selfless – ultimate sacrifice for others. (2)
• Jesus was compassionate – outcasts. (2)
• Jesus was inclusive – outcasts. (2)
• Jesus was proactive, fought for social betterment. (2)
• Jesus was powerful – miracles. (2)
• Jesus was too passive – turn the other cheek. (2)
• Jesus was humiliated – lack of pride/dignity. (2)
• Jesus was crucified – unable to save himself from pain. (2)
Any reasonable answer accepted. (b) Describe the work of one Christian organisation that helps those less fortunate in society.
Candidates may describe the work of any Christian charitable organisation.
• Christian Aid.
• Salvation Army.
• Samaritans, etc.
• No marks for just naming organisation. Name organisation not specifically needed to get marks. (c) “People only help others to make themselves feel good.”
Do you agree?
Give two reasons for your answer.
• People may feel guilt over the relative deprivation of others. (2)
• People may feel that they will be rewarded for helping others. (2)
• People genuinely want to help those in need. (2)
• People feel a sense of global community and care for others. (2)
• People may wish to follow the teachings and actions of Jesus. (2)
Any reasonable answer accepted.