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3. Religious Narrative

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Justin Morris

on 13 September 2014

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Transcript of 3. Religious Narrative

Thematic unit 3
The Religious Narrative
What do you believe to be the single most universal message of Religion, and what contribution has it made to the Human Condition?
Where are we going with this?
This thematic unit is organized based on
chronology, but clustered into religious type.
The worship of earthly objects as holding power over the events of the world.
Includes animal and weather dieties, and often uses sympethetic magic.
Strong balance between man and nature, as all have an equal spiritual force that "animates" them.
Emphasizes a pantheon of dieties
Usually depicted as humans, animals, or symbols
Typically have a stratified power structure
Focused on immortality, but are not omnipotent
The Hero
The narratives surrounding the hero usually follow a universally aknowledge pattern know as "the Hero Journey" or Monomyth (Joseph Cambell)
The Hero
Judgement Narratives
Emphasis on what happens after death or the end of time
Heroes often face some form of judgement
Creation myths often are framed by a conclusion of judgement
More prominent in monotheistic religions (Egypt as exception)
Major Beliefs:
Functional Monotheism
Yahweh (I AM) is omnipotent
Focus on the Torah (Law)
Israel as a people is chosen to proclaim Yahweh's path to salvation to the gentiles
Promised Land in Cannaa (ANE)
Expectations of a Messiah
4 Religious Narratives:
Creation of Adam/Temptation
Abraham and Isaac
Moses and the Exodus
David and Goliath
Major Beliefs:
Trinitarianism (One God in three persons)
Christ as the supreme creator and savior
parables and teachings that emphasize importance of salvation, protecting the poor, and reconciling the Gentiles to Yahweh
Christ's death and resurrection
Judgement and the Resurrectionof the Flesh
4 Relgious Narratives:
Prodigal Son
Christ's Passion
Conversion of Saul
Five Pillars of Islam
Strict Monotheists
Revision to Hebrew and Christian Scriptures
Chosen people are through Ishmael, not Isaac
Muhammed is the last and greatest Prophet
Heaven awaits those who "submit" to Allah
Concept of God: diverse beliefs, but often henotheistic (involving devotion to a single god while accepting the existence of others)
Devas and avatars: or, gods and incarnations
Karma and samsara: action, work, or deed ("moral law of cause and effect") leave impressions carried to the next life, making rebirth pleasurable; but nirvana can only be achieved through moksha.
Objectives of human life: Dharma (righteousness), Artha (wealth), Kāma (sensual pleasure), Moksha (liberation)
Yoga: sages teach these methods for reaching goals.
Bhakti Yoga (the path of love and devotion)
Karma Yoga (the path of right action)
Rāja Yoga (the path of meditation)
Jñāna Yoga (the path of wisdom)
Full transcript