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kimi digo

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of Motherboard

is the central printed circuit board (PCB) in computers that holds many of the crucial components of the system, while providing connectors for other peripherals. The motherboard is sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, or, on the logic board. It is also sometimes casually shortened to mobo.
The Tabulating Machine is renamed to IBM.
IBM creates the first floppy disk.

Intel Corp is founded.

Intel announces the 1103, the first random-access memory (RAM).
The first transistor is invented.

The first transistor was invented at Bell Laboratories on December 16, 1947 by William Shockley (seated at Brattain's laboratory bench), John Bardeen (left) and Walter Brattain (right).
Motherboard- Processors


AMD is founded.
AT&T Bell Laboratories develop Unix.
Compuserve is founded.

Intel releases the first microprocessor - the 4004.

Early AMD 8080 Processor (AMD AM9080ADC / C8080A), 1977
intel micro processor 8080 8-bit

Intel introduces the 8086 microprocessor.

Hewlett-Packard Superchip, the first
chip is introduced.
Intel ships the 8087 math coprocessor.

The Motorola 6800 is released.
The Intel 8088 is released.
“the most powerful 16-Bit microprocessor.” The 68000, by Motorolla.

The Intel 8086 processor
The Intel 80386
The World, the first commercial Internet dial-up access provider comes online.
Creative Labs introduces the SoundBlaster Pro

Intel introduces the Intel 486SX

Linux is introduced.
World Wide Web is launched.
Microsoft changes the name of OS/2 to Windows NT.
MS-DOS 5.0 was released

Intel releases the 486DX2.
Intel introduces the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI).

Intel releases the IntelDX4 processor.
Intel releases the new motherboard form factor ATX.
USB standard is released

Intel releases the 333, 350, and 400 MHz Pentium II.
AMR is released

AMD introduces the K6 processor.
Advanced Graphics Port or AGP design is released.

Parallel ATA (PATA), originally AT Attachment, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disks, floppy drives, and optical disc drives in computers. The standard is maintained by X3/INCITS committee.[1] It uses the underlying AT Attachment (ATA) and AT Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) standards.
Intel announces the processor code-named "Willamette" will formally be called Pentium 4.
CNR is introduced.
AMD introduces the 850 MHz Athlon processor

Serial ATA (SATA)

Serial ATA (SATA) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives
sdram, ddr ,ddr2, ddr3,
Intel Processor names
Knowing much better of Models Motherboard
Tianhe-2 or TH-2 "Milky Way 2") is a 33.86-petaflop supercomputer
Country: China

Site: National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin

Manufacturer: NUDT

Cores: 186,368

Linpack Performance (Rmax): 2,566.0 TFlop/s

Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 4,701.0 TFlop/s

Power: 4,040.00 kW

Memory: 229,376 GB

Interconnect: Proprietary

Operating System: Linux

Compiler: ICC

MPI: MPICH2 with a custom GLEX channe
AMD Processors History
Am2900 series (1975)
4-bit-slice is a family of integrated circuits (ICs) created in 1975 by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). They were constructed with bipolar devices, in a bit-slice topology
The AMD Am29000, often simply 29k, was a popular family of 32-bit RISC microprocessors and microcontrollers
AMD started in the x86 business being a second-source manufacturer for Intel's chip designs. IBM demanded all its suppliers to have a second manufacturing source, and Intel had to license another company to secure the IBM PC
The K5 was AMD's first x86 processor to be developed entirely in-house. Introduced in March 1996, its primary competition was Intel's Pentium microprocessor
The K6 microprocessor was launched by AMD in 1997. The main advantage of this particular microprocessor is that it was designed to fit into existing desktop designs for Pentium branded CPUs
K7 architecture

Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of x86-compatible microprocessors designed and manufactured by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). The original Athlon (now called Athlon Classic)
The AMD Duron is a x86-compatible microprocessor that was manufactured by AMD. It was released on June 19, 2000 as a low-cost alternative to AMD's own Athlon processor
Sempron has been the marketing name used by AMD for several different budget desktop CPUs, using several different technologies and CPU socket formats
Opteron is AMD's x86 server and workstation processor line, and was the first processor which supported the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64).
The Turion 64 and Turion 64 X2/Ultra processors compete with Intel's mobile processors, initially the Pentium M and the Intel Core and Intel Core 2 processors

The AMD Accelerated Processing Unit, formerly known as Fusion, is a series of 64-bit microprocessors from AMD designed to act as a CPU and graphics accelerator (GPU) on a single chip.

PowerPC (an acronym for Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a RISC instruction set architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. PowerPC, as an evolving instruction set, has since 2006 been renamed Power ISA but lives on as a legacy trademark for some implementations of Power Architecture based processors.
The PowerPC 604e was introduced in July 1996 and added a condition register unit and separate 32 KB data and instruction L1 caches among other changes to its memory subsystem and branch prediction unit

manufactured by Motorola and IBM respectively,
The POWER3 is a microprocessor, designed and exclusively manufactured by IBM, that implemented the 64-bit version of the PowerPC

It was introduced on 5 October 1998

The PowerPC 970
are 64-bit Power Architecture processors from IBM introduced in 2002. When used in Apple Inc. machines, they were dubbed the PowerPC G5
The MPC5xx family of processors such as the MPC555 and MPC565 are 32-bit PowerPC embedded microprocessors that operate between 40 and 66 MHz and are frequently used in automotive applications
PowerQUICC is the name for several Power Architecture based microcontrollers from Freescale Semiconductor. They are built around one or more PowerPC cores and the QUICC Engine which is a separate RISC core specialized in such tasks such as I/O, communications, ATM, security acceleration, networking and USB. Many components are System-on-a-chip designs tailor made for embedded applications

. This was a very famous processor used in many Cisco edge routers in the late 1990s. Variants of the PowerQUICC include the MPC850, and the MPC823/MPC823e.
Latest design of ATX Mobo
Azus Brand
MSI Brand
Gigabyte Brand
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