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BIOMOLECULAS ORGANICAS

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by

Luis Elias Urupeque Reyes

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of BIOMOLECULAS ORGANICAS

BIOMOLECULAS ORGANICAS
BIOMOLECULAS ORGANICAS
Prof. Luis Elias Urupeque Reyes

designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
CARBOHIDRATOS
Moleculas ternarias: C (1) : H (2) : O (1)
LIPIDOS
PROTEINAS:
CLASIFICACION DE LAS PROTEINAS
ACIDOS NUCLEICOS
IMPORTANCIA
CLASIFICACIÓN
MONOSACARIDOS
OLIGOSACARIDOS
ENLACE GLUCOSIDICO
DISACARIDOS
TRISACARIDOS
POLISACARIDOS
POLISACARIDOS DE RESERVA
POLISACARIDOS ESTRUCTURALES
Compuestos ternarios: C H O siendo el oxigeno el de menor proporcion
son moleculas HIDROFOBAS, aunque son solubles en ETER, CLOROFORMO, CCl4, ETANOL.
IMPORTANCIA
CLASIFICACION
SAPONIFICABLES: A.G + ALCOHOL
SIMPLES:
TRIGLICERIDOS: 3A.G + GLICEROL
CERAS: 1 A.G. + ALCOHOL
COMPLEJOS
FOSFOLIPIDOS: 2 A.G + GLICEROL + A.FOSFORICO
ESFINGOLIPIDOS: 1 A.G +
ESFINGOSINA
INSAPONIFICABLES: NO A.G Y NO ACOHOL
TERPENOS: Derivados del ISOPRENO
ESTEROIDES
PROSTAGLANDINAS
Compuestos cuaternarios: C H O N teniendo azufre en CISTEINA Y METIONINA.
Son polimeros de AMINOACIDOS unidos mediante ENLACES PEPTIDICOS
CLASIFICACION DE AMINOACIDOS
SEGÙN SU FUNCIÒN BIOLOGICA:
SEGUN CRITERIO QUIMICO:
HOLOPROTEINAS: Simples
HETEROPROTEINAS: Conjugadas
Compuestos pentarios: C H O N P
DESCUBIERTOS POR MIESCHER
POLIMEROS DE NUCLEOTIDOS
IMPORTANCIA BIOLOGICA:
ESTRUCTURA DE UN NUCLEOTIDO:
ACIDO DESOXIRRIBONUCLEICO: ADN
MODELO DE DOBLE HELICE DEL ADN
TIPOS DE ADN:
TIPOS DE ARN:
Full transcript