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Transcript of Incas
The Incas were located in Pre-Columbian America, today known as the west boarder of South America.
They built their homes high in the Andes Mountains, they also built bridges.
The Incas were isolated, but there were attempts from other troops to pass the boarder.
They were exposed to the Atlantic Ocean, and the South Pacific Ocean.
The Incas traded squash, sweet potatoes,fruit and their favorite, gold.
Trading helped them gain plant food. They traded among themselves and nearby empires.
Trading helped their geography by giving them lots of access to rivers and lakes, it was difficult because land was scarce.
The Incas had a fair ruler ship.
They were set up like a pyramid.
They couldn't curse the gods or change the empires.
They didn't have a prison.The king decided the punishments.
Incan Time period
They emerged 1100 A.D.
They were at their peak during 1438-1533 A.D.
They were around from 1100 A.D.to 1572 A.D.
They fell the year of 1572 A.D.
The Incas had two calendars, they used the sun to tell when it was a new year, their months started in December.
They built their roads out of natural outcroppings, stones, and clay or gravel to reduce friction.
Incas had systems for bringing fresh drinking water back to their civilization, used everyday
The Incas used stone roads to give verbal messages
They used Quipu, wool and cotton strings tied together that are color coded.
Quipu wasn't pictographic.
We can read it today, just not very well.
It developed to give information throughout the Inca empire.
Only the Incas used Quipu
Art and Architecture
Most of the Inca art was melted by spanish to satisfy their lust for gold and silver.
Pottery, fabrics, small gold,silver structures, and vases.
Temples and palaces were built carefully selected ashers of white granite.
They were superb stone mansions.
The Incan Empire actually had no original form of slavery, but they would make captured trespassers slaves.
The slavery of the trespassers were only sometimes permanent, but usually it wasn't.
Some Incan cities were built by the forced labor of the currant trespassing slaves.
Rise And Fall
The Incan Empire rose at the cause of the conquest of the Chimu Culture in modern day peru.
The Incans fell when they were conquered by the spanish
Their geographic location had nothing to do with their fall.
Their architecture and terrace farming was the main contribution back then.
The following contributions we still see. Some of these are freezed dried foods, stonework, and textiles.
They left us Mummies and their writing system.
The civilization did have a golden age. During this time there was peace and prosperity.
They had a lot of money and power, but that quickly when the spanish took over.
It lasted from 1438 until 1496 when the Inca empire was destroyed by the Spanish.
All Incans were Polytheistic or in other words, they believed in many gods/goddesses.
Their government and religion were tightly bound.
The Incans believed in life after death.
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