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British Imperialism in India

The British Expand Their Control Over India

Meghan Rilley

on 2 December 2012

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Transcript of British Imperialism in India

Britain took its opportunity to gain control in India when the Mughal Empire declined in the 1700s. The British would not leave until after the Second World War. British Imperialism in India Overview: Do not write! Change Causes Tension: THINK ABOUT IT!!!! The Indian people were divided in part due to their geography. This lack of unity enabled the British East India Company to claim India as its colony. When the Company lost control, the British government took over India. This had positive and negative effects on India that continue to impact the present. British East India Company: -By 1800, ruled much of India
-Mughal Empire broke up
-Indians not united
-Used army to take India
-Changed Indian Society -British banned certain Indian customs
-Ie. Sati
-Christian missionaries Why is Britain making all of these improvements in India? (ie. railroads, technology, hospitals, etc)

For whose benefit is it really?

What do you think Imperialism will inspire in the people in the nations taken over (ie. India)?

Sepoy Rebellion (or Mutiny): 1857 -Sepoy are Indians who served as British soldiers
-Sepoy refused to use rifles because it violated religious law (Hindus don't eat beef, Muslims don't eat pork)
-Sepoy revolted; the British put down the rebellion
Negative Effects of Imperialism for India: -Exploitation of natives
-Loss of natural resources
-Lack of respect for Indian Culture
-Ruined India’s Industries (especially textiles)
Positive Effects of Imperialism for India: -Technology
-Education (Many Indian kids went to Britain for school)
-Medical supplies/hospitals
-Parliamentary system of gov’t
-Transportation system (railroad)
-Advancements in farming
Indian Nationalism -Ram Mohun Roy-nationalist
-Indian National Congress formed in 1885 to address the concerns of Indian people. Eventually fought for self-government.
-Muslim League formed in 1906 to argue for a separate Muslim state.
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