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British Imperialism in India
Transcript of British Imperialism in India
-Mughal Empire broke up
-Indians not united
-Used army to take India
-Changed Indian Society -British banned certain Indian customs
-Christian missionaries Why is Britain making all of these improvements in India? (ie. railroads, technology, hospitals, etc)
For whose benefit is it really?
What do you think Imperialism will inspire in the people in the nations taken over (ie. India)?
Sepoy Rebellion (or Mutiny): 1857 -Sepoy are Indians who served as British soldiers
-Sepoy refused to use rifles because it violated religious law (Hindus don't eat beef, Muslims don't eat pork)
-Sepoy revolted; the British put down the rebellion
Negative Effects of Imperialism for India: -Exploitation of natives
-Loss of natural resources
-Lack of respect for Indian Culture
-Ruined India’s Industries (especially textiles)
Positive Effects of Imperialism for India: -Technology
-Education (Many Indian kids went to Britain for school)
-Parliamentary system of gov’t
-Transportation system (railroad)
-Advancements in farming
Indian Nationalism -Ram Mohun Roy-nationalist
-Indian National Congress formed in 1885 to address the concerns of Indian people. Eventually fought for self-government.
-Muslim League formed in 1906 to argue for a separate Muslim state.