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French fashion in the 1700's (women's fashion)

French assignment
by

Amy Tepes

on 18 May 2011

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Transcript of French fashion in the 1700's (women's fashion)

Womens fashion in 18th century France The early days of the 18th century In the early days of the 18th century, fashion was an important factor of a French woman's life. they went out of their way at all occasions to be dressed in the latest fashions, and stand out of the crowd. FRENCH ASSIGNMENT By Amy.C & Tanya information about the eighteenth century, France 1713 The war of Spanish Succession ends (France cannot expand any farther in Europe. 1715 Louis XV becomes king of France 1718 New Orleans is founded by France The new king of France is Louis XVI 1774 the French Revolution begins 1789 Timeline of events in 18th Century France the population of france in the 18th century was 20 million people. Images of the French revolution At the start of the 18th century, the fontange was finally gotten rid of by the king XIV who hated them. The fontange was in the earlier centuries a really fashionable headdress that all noble ladies wore. It was constructed of brass wire, ribbons, hair baubles and was about 2 feet high. It stood up on the ladies head and was once considered very fashionable. Image of a fontange. Fontages were worn by all the nobel ladies picture of King Louis XIV who disliked
fontanges so much that in 1699 just a
little before the 1700's he got rid of them. At the start of the 18th Century a new type of fashionable item came out. It was called a falbala. Noble ladies would wear these over their skirts and the falbalas would frill out. The falbalas were very popular from the begining and lasted longer then the fontanges. Image of a Falbala More images of the early
18th century: This picture shows
all the basic things people
wore in the first half of
the 18th century. In each dress shows here there is a pannier, which
was a large hoop that made the skirt
of the dress large. Panniers got bigger and bigger
as the century went on. Panniers were used long
before the 18th century but they made their
reappearance under a different name as before they were called farthingales. They were very popular and important in the noble women fashion. Pierre Cardin Modern fashions 1500's This was the
time of the
renaissance
and French
people wore
clothes similar to
clothing from the
medieval times.
Clothing
was made of silk
and women wore
caps on their heads. 1600's In the 1600's
fontanges were
worn by ladies.
Farthingales (k-
nown later as pa-
nniers) were used
a lot and dresses
were huge. Some
ladies wore long
linen caps. 1800's In the 1800's
chemisettes
were worn by
ladies. Hats
were also worn.
It was the Jane
Austen time.
This was the time
of the regency. And
dresses were in the Greek
style, not as many
panniers were worn. Fashion in other centuries Above is a picture of the revolutionaries. They wore the colours of the French flag. The red caps thay they're wearing were also very important items in their ensemble. One of the reasons why the revolution happened
was because the lower class in France
had enough of being treated
unfairly and so they other threw
their government. From there anyone
wearing clothes fit for a noble were
killed by the people. So people had
to wear COTTON clothes that had to
have the cockade (national revolution
symbol) printed on them, these clothes weren't colorful at all
and France was in a huge tension because
people wanted to be treated equally. Cockade Womens fashion: Arsistocracy Wigs: Women used to wear huge wigs. Each type of wig had a different name. One of the most interesting out of the French wigs that came into fashion in around the 1770's. At start girls wore huge hats on top of their wigs, but then people started to get more creative. A new style of wearing wigs came into France. Noble ladies would start putting 'objects' in their hair. The more bizarre things they put into their hair, the more spectacular an\d stylish they were considered. Ladies wore in their wigs, Roses, gems, large feathers and ribbons. This was only the beginning, because then the ladies began to wear in their wigs, butterflies, birds, painted cupids, tree branches, and even fruits and vegetables. Wigs began to be very popular and as their popularity grew they got bigger and bigger in size. Often they were so big that a lady could not fit in a carrige. She would have to put their heads out the window for the duration of their ride. Soon wigs got outrageously big and the police tried to get involved but all they could do was keep ladies out of places like the theater if their wigs were to big for other people to see over. Back then the style was to powder the hair and wigs white. Men even powdered their hair and wigs white. This was because the nobles thought that white hair made them all look wise. In this picture the
police are stopping
a lady from entering
the theater because
of her huge wig. Hairdressers had to be very careful when structuring these wigs. They would use ladders all the time to get up to the top of the wig. The face: Back in the 18th century women would powder their faces white, so that it looked like they had a very clear complexion. And on their faces they would wear things called patches. Patches were worn in several places on the face such as just under the eye, at the corner of the mouth, on the nose, on the forehead and on the cheek. The patches were usually carved into the shape of a zodiac, sun, star or heart. A great lady wore seven or eight and no noble women went anywhere without a box full of patches so she could either put more on her face or replace the ones that were coming off. The dress: Noble women wore huge dresses that were covered in lace, bows, ribbons, silk etc. When the revolution came all these fabrics were banned. Panniers were worn by the noble ladies and the dresses got bigger and bigger progressed. This picture shows everything the noble women wore Women's fashion Servants and farmers Servants and farmers clothing Women's fashion Children's/teenager's clothing Young girls of our age: Servants: Farmers: Young girls of around our age would have been on the brink of becoming young women. Jean paul Gaultier brand: Jean Paul Gaultier is a well known French designer. But his brand is for sale here in Australia. Jean Paul Gaultier's brand has been worn by many famous celebrities on the red carpet. So most of the time his brand isn't exactly affordable. But in stores around Australia some of his perfumes can be found at reasonable prices from around $33 to around $90. Some perfumes are: This image shows just a few of the many celebrities that wear Jean paul Gaultier's brand Ma Dame Classique Fragile More info on the French revolution France had the greatest divide between the rich and poor to anywhere else before the revolution.
The poor in France were being abused and ignored. They had been forced to be slaves on the estates of the rich, and got little to no pay for this, and the conditions of their work environment were terrible. They were starving, sick, dirty and tired. They hated their masters more and more day by day…
The poor in France may not have had the money but they had the numbers, as about 97% of France was poor at the time of the revolution.
The revolution started in Paris, where the poor got hold of ammunition and weapons to start creating a new government.
They swept through manor houses and killed its owners, claiming the land as their own.
The poor demanded equality for everyone. But the rich were so used to special rights that they didn’t want to give them up.
But the poor continued the mass violence until it was obvious that they had to give up. August 4th, 1789 the poor passed a few important reforms that eliminated decimation on them and established taxes on the rich. They also created a bill of rights, which included: the freedom of speech, of the press, and freedom of religion. The bill of rights also protected the poor from being wrongly arrested. Some people say that the French revolution was triggered when the American war of independence was won, this sent hope to all the poor families across europe. No wonder the French people finally decided it was time to fight back. The revolution started in Paris, where the poor got hold of ammunition and weapons to start creating a new government.
They swept through manor houses and killed its owners, claiming the land as their own.
The poor demanded equality for everyone. But the rich were so used to special rights that they didn’t want to give them up.
But the poor continued the mass violence until it was obvious that they had to give up. PIERRE CARDIN IS A VERY FAMOUS FRENCH DESIGNER. HE WAS BORN July 7th 1922 and he is currently 88 years old. Lacoste brand: Patch boxes Accessories in those days were canes and scented fans that were painted by actual artists. Ladies also carried sun umbrellas at times. Shoes worn by noble ladies were always extraordinary because of the different buckles made for each shoe. Women's
Shoe buckles The Lacoste brand is another French brand that can be found in Australia. Lacoste has a wide range of women's and men's clothing and most of them are at a reasonable price. The Lacoste brand prices range from around, $22- $400 for women's clothing, and for men's clothing prices range from around, $22- $300. Sydney Chatswood Alexandria Biggera Waters Store locations in Australia: Sydney Chastwood Alexandria Biggera waters He designed costumes for Jean Cocteau’s Beauty and the Beast (1945) after the war.
In 1959 he made a woman’s fashion line and in 1960 he did the same for men.
 His designs launched the ‘space age’ look and he was known for his boldness in women’s design Pierre Cardin is 88 years old and he want to sell his label, but he also wants to keep main control of the designs. When Pierre Cardin was 17 he was a Tailor at a Men’s shop. But many say that the idea of selling his label for a billion Euros is absolutely preposterous. Cardin was also one of the first designers to take his brand label into Asia, and in China there is a copier of his work, called Peier Cailar. Pierre Cardin’s brand label is on many different things, from watches to shirts to perfume and to even real estate Pierre Cardin is regarded as one of the revolutionaries of the 1960’s. Some French labels available in Australia are: Asia is one of his biggest consumer areas for his designer clothing. Pierre Cardin says that he wants the business to go on, as long has he has control over the designs and the creative side of things His brand has been valued at 200 million Euros, not the 1 billion that he’s asking for. Pierre Cardin makes money much by royalties and licensing. Most of Pierre Cardin’s watches cost anywhere from $79.95 to $1135. -Vêtements sur-mesure -One Step -IKKS -IKKS Children -Pablo by Gerard Darel More images of Pierre Cardin's designs Pierre Cardin's designs are very expensive and are usually worn by rich people. His brand was worn by many famous celebrities from back in the 1950's and up. But some modern day celebrities that have been seen in his brands include Nicole Richie and Lady Gaga. Lena wearing Pierre Cardin Jessica Ford wearing Pierre Cardin 1958 Nicole Richie wearing Pierre Cardin Lady Gaga wearing Pierre Cardin The eighteenth century is known as the Rococo era, and wealthy women’s dresses were decorative and extensive. Clothing represented your status.

Teenage girls our age were already considered women in the Eighteenth century. Most were married and others were most likely engaged. This early adulthood was reflected in their clothes, as their dresses were usually similar/the same as a woman we would consider and adult today.

The queen of the time, Marie Antoinette, was known especially for her flamboyancy in her dress, and extravagant hairstyles. This was reflected as a fashion trends in French aristocracy. For most of the Eighteenth century, Cotton was banned in England and France – but at this time Cotton was very cheaply imported from America, meaning the servants (maids) and lower class’s clothes were usually made out of it. Wool was also a common material used in the lower class clothing.
Most upper class women used linen for their petticoats and shirts.
Silk was a very expensive material. Maids in the eighteenth century wore plain clothing made of very cheap material that could be easily replaced. The lower classes obviously could only dress in cheap materials because most of the lower class women, could not afford expensive luxurious materials such as silk. But in fact many times the lower classes did have good taste. Middle classes also at times could put together their own clothes (stitched by hand), that looked almost as lovely as the dresses the rich women wore. All they needed was a little lace and some ribbon and other materials and they could ok great even if they weren't accessorized with jewels. Apart from that the lower classes were always neatly dresses. But in some parts of the country things were very bad for people regarded as peasants or farmers. Because they had little money most of them had to go barefoot or they had to wear the sabot (the wooden shoe). So shoes considered unfashionable by the upper classes (shoes such as thick soled leather shoes) were looked on by the lower classes as a luxury. The disadvantaged lower class ladies weren't properly dressed in winter but they always covered their heads. They wore garments with many pieces of cloth sewn together that fell sometimes just below the knee. Female women from the middle classes (female women from the bourgeois) usually wore plain dresses made from wool or cotton (the cheaper fabrics) of neutral shades that had no ribbons, embroidery or lace. The only clothing item they copied from the court fashions was the pannier. But soon money started to count for everything including a person's rank so the middle classes could not keep their place and were regarded as a little less than the court women and upper classes. Women servants in those times wore caps that were mostly made of cheaper fabrics like cotton these were also called bonnets. Their dresses weren't always brightly colored and they often wore aprons. Middle classes Lower classes Lower classes At the beginning of the 1700's france was at it's best in fashion. But then towards the end of the century the revolution came and all the beauty and fashion was gotten rid of for the remainder of the 18th century. Farmers wore what all the other lower class people wore; they covered their heads with caps.
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