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~Nineteen accused witches were hanged on Gallows Hill in 1692. They also killed people accused of crimes in Salem was by leaving them in prison.
A2. What forces were in conflict the time of the start of the trails? How did all the trouble begin?
A4. How did Cotton Mather 's book and Dr. Grigg 's opinion help to create the problem- and then make it worse?
Cotton Mather 's book and Dr.Grigg 's opinion help to create the problem and made it worse because Mather defended the judges and trials.
B2. How did Parris react to his daughter and his niece's signs of "illness"?
Samuel was the son of Englishman Thomas Parris, who bought land in Barbados in the 1650s. Samuel was sent to Massachusetts to study at Harvard, where he was in 1673 when his father died
They way Parris reacted to his daughter and his niece's signs of "illness" was by taking them to several physicians and organized prayer meetings.
B3. According to the article about him, how did he get his slave Tituba to confess to witchcraft?
According to the article, Parris got his slave Tituba to confess to witchcraft by beating her until she confessed.
B1. What problems was Parris having with the people he was serving in his job as minister?
In 1686, he began substituting for absent ministers and speaking at informal church gatherings. It was also in 1691 that Parris's daughter Betty and his niece, Abigail William, most likely inspired by the tales of Tituba, began to dabble in fortune telling and other decidedly non-Puritan activities. Perhaps out of fear of the repercussions of participating in these forbidden games, Betty began to develop strange symptoms pinching, prickling and choking sensations. Several physicians were unable to diagnose the problem, but by a Dr. William Griggs suggested that her malady must be the result of witchcraft.
Salem Witchcraft Trials
More often it was a political reason, Pioneered by accused witches Tituba and Deliverance Hobbs, turned out to be a life saver. Confessing witches weren't executed. Instead, they were kept apart from other prisoners, to be called upon in trials when their testimony might be helpful to the prosecution. The Puritans believed that once a person made a full confession, his or her fate should be left in God's hands, not man's.
A5. Why do you think that people were willing to believe the girls who accused so many people of being involved in witchcraft?
B4. What was his eventual attitude toward the trial? Do you think he was sorry enough? Why or why not?
C2. What was his attitude toward all the craziness of the girls?
Proctor would beat women because they would accuse him of practicing witchcraft and throwing fits, so Proctor would beat them and threaten to beat them and do worse if they didn't stop.
C3. What did Proctor do when he was in jail to help end the hysteria?
Proctor wrote a letter to the clergy of Boston, in the letter he asked them to either have the trials removed to Boston or have new judges appointed.
C4. Did his letter writing help HIM? Why or why not?
His letter was unsuccessful, It would not have been uncommon for a violent man like Proctor to feel that he had not yet made peace with his fellow man or his God.
A3. What are some ideas about the reasons given for the girls' afflictions (sickness)?
The weather was harsh, and the villagers relied on the Church for some sense of safety.
C1. How did John Proctor bring down some of his
own trouble on himself?
John Proctor brought some of his own trouble on himself because of his unguarded tongue.
Lyla: section A ......1-4
Saul: section A/B...5,6,1
Monica: section B..2-4
Axel: section C......1-4
Who's responsible for what?
His attitude towards the trial was that he was unsatisfied and intensified. Although he recognized his mistakes and apologized to his congregation, this was not enough because Parris was acting harsh.
A6. Samuel Parris
He moved to Boston and during his first New England winter married Elizabeth Eldridge.
Once the witchcraft hysteria ran its course, dissatisfaction with Parris grew and intensified. Parris, however, was slow to recognize his mistakes. It was not until 1694 that he apologized to his congregation, but this was not enough.
After leaving Salem, Parris first moved to Stowe, and then on to other frontier towns. Parris died in 1720.
Tituba was an Indian woman, as known as a Negro slave. She was originally from an Arawak village in South America
Tituba was the first witch to confess in Salem, and she likely did it to avoid further punishment.
Tituba recanted her confession. This further enraged Parris, who in retaliation, refused to pay the jailer's fee to get Tituba out a prison. As a result, she spent thirteen months in jail until an unknown person paid the seven pounds for her release and bought her. It is unknown what happened to her after she began her life with her new owner.
Cotton Mather, the minister of Boston's Old North church, was a true believer in witchcraft.
In 1688, he had investigated the strange behavior of four children of a Boston mason named John Goodwin. The children had been complaining of sudden pains and crying out together in chorus.
When confessed witches began recanting their testimony, He revised his own position on the use of spectral evidence and tried to minimize his own large role in its consideration in the Salem trials. Later in life, Mather turned away from the supernatural and may well have come to question whether it played the role it life he first suspected.
The forces in conflict were jealousy, economic conditions and teenage boredom. The stir all started when Reverend Samuel Parris' daughter and niece became ill, causing them deliriouness and convulsions.