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Transcript of GroupThink Presentation
If a group member has a different opinion to the others then the other team members may pressure the group member into agreement with the majority.
Group members may not express the extent of their beliefs in order to fit in with the group.
When a group becomes more comfortable with their views. The may begin to see the outsiders differently and believe that they do not hold the same morals or views as the group.
Illusion of unanimity
When no group member speaks out against the majority so it is assumed that everyone agrees with the groups decision. • The leader should assign the role of critical evaluator to each member
• The leader should avoid stating preferences and expectations from the beginning
• Each member of the group should routinely discuss the groups deliberations with a trusted associate and report back to the group with the associates reaction
• At least one articulate and knowledgeable member should be given the role of questioning group plans. This will help deviate alternative solutions. This helps ideas to flow without being criticized. Nominal group technique This allows group members to give their opinion and arrive at a conclusion logically. Six thinking hats This allows the group to look at the situation from many angles helping to gain extra information and deviate possible solutions. The delphi technique This allows group members to give their opinion without knowing what the other members opinions are. What is Groupthink? Groupthink is a form of decision making founded by Janis Irving, a social psychologist. It is when individuals personal opinions are not fully relied upon due to the influence of others opinions in a group activity. • Ways of identifying it
• What it is
• Ways of solving it
• Symptoms of groupthink
• Ways of avoiding groupthink
• Tools to help avoid groupthink Groupthink vs Teamthink
References MindTools2012.[online]Availablefrom: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_82.htm [accessed on 8 Nov 2012]
PSYSR2012.[online]Availablefrom: http://www.psysr.org/about/pubs_resources/groupthink%20overview.htm [accessed on 8 Nov 2012]
TheNewYorker2012.[online}Availablefrom : http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2012/01/30/120130fa_fact_lehrer [Accessed on 8 Nov 2012]