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P410ID

Intellectual Disabilities
by

Kathleen Stanton

on 26 February 2018

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Transcript of P410ID

intellectual disability
Activity, Exercise, &Health
Intellectual Disability
Social Model
Medical Model
Context
Environment
Social subtleties
Cultural Expectation
substantial limitation in present functioning

sub-average intellectual functioning

concurrent w/ limitation in adaptive function (e.g., communication, social, self-care)
Mild IQ 55-70
Moderate IQ 40-54
Severe IQ 25-39
Profound IQ below 25
CAUSE....
low tolerance for difference

expectation of a way of thinking/acting

need for categorization

assumption of normal
30%
~20%
5%
Other....
-alcohol
-drugs/abuse
-environmental toxins
-idiopathic
Chromosomal Abnormalities
Understanding Cognition
globally
Physical Ability
Guidelines & Safety
Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in individuals from a very slight problem to a very severe problem.

People with intellectual disability might have a hard time letting others know their wants and needs, and taking care of themselves.

Intellectual disability could cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than other children of the same age.

It could take longer for a child with intellectual disability to learn to speak, walk, dress, or eat without help, and they could have trouble learning in school.
Executive Function
Inhibitory Control:
discipline to stay on task despite distractions (focus; practice)


Working Memory
: problem-solving, reasoning, planning (creativity; play)


Cognitive Flexibility
: change course, change opinion (construct thinking; creativity)



perceptual motor; spacial awareness; attention, controlling cognitive degrees of freedom
constraints in body; ability to use body; given all limitations....what seems reasonable for consistent replication
how much; "listening"; staying away from colloquialisms; narrowing attention
attention; focus; self-control;inhibitory control; cognitive flexibility
12
Apert Syn

Prader-Willi
Fragile X
Cornelia de Lange
prompts; instructional differentiation; SREA; what about the Task (equipment, etc.) or space can be reduced to improve movement?
IDEA Definition
Social Model
Common Physical Characteristics

delayed onset upright walking
hypotonia
smaller hands/feet
Atlantoaxial Instability
Orthopedic problems associated with joint laxity
poor strength generally
Chromosomal Abnormalities linked to Cognition

relatively 7 out of every 1,000 live births
mostly due to chance error
autosomal disorders are more common than sex-lined
These "steps" work together to coordinate mental activity similar to how muscles, nervous system coordinate movement

different than concept/testing of intelligence as we contextualize it

associated with pre-frontal cortext development and frontal lobe behavior

as we develop, these functions become more sophisticated to help with higher order thinking and planning
Full transcript