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Intellectual Disabilities

Kathleen Stanton

on 17 May 2017

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Transcript of P410ID

intellectual disability
Activity, Exercise, &Health
Intellectual Disability
Social Model
Medical Model
Social subtleties
Cultural Expectation
substantial limitation in present functioning

sub-average intellectual functioning

concurrent w/ limitation in adaptive function (e.g., communication, social, self-care)
Mild IQ 55-70
Moderate IQ 40-54
Severe IQ 25-39
Profound IQ below 25
low tolerance for difference

expectation of a way of thinking/acting

need for categorization

assumption of normal
-environmental toxins
Chromosomal Abnormalities
Cognitive &Behavior Characteristics
Physical Ability
Exercise Testing
Guidelines & Safety
Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in individuals from a very slight problem to a very severe problem.

People with intellectual disability might have a hard time letting others know their wants and needs, and taking care of themselves.

Intellectual disability could cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than other children of the same age.

It could take longer for a child with intellectual disability to learn to speak, walk, dress, or eat without help, and they could have trouble learning in school.
Executive Function
Inhibitory Control:
discipline to stay on task despite distractions (focus; practice)

Working Memory
: problem-solving, reasoning, planning (creativity; play)

Cognitive Flexibility
: change course, change opinion (construct thinking; creativity)

**work together to coordinate mental activity & take charge of actions

**different than intelligence (as we know it)

**associated with prefrontal cortex behavior

**as we develop, these function become more sophisticated to help w/ higher order thinking and planning
perceptual motor; spacial awareness; attention, controlling cognitive degrees of freedom
constraints in body; ability to use body; given all limitations....what seems reasonable for consistent replication
how much; "listening"; staying away from colloquialisms; narrowing attention
attention; focus; self-control;inhibitory control; cognitive flexibility
Apert Syn

Fragile X
Cornelia de Lange
prompts; instructional differentiation; SREA; what about the Task (equipment, etc.) or space can be reduced to improve movement?
& Practice
abstract thought about "fitness" or health
what do I understand about what others think?
How important is it to me that others think I should be active?
requires cognitive flexibility (I believe I can do this)
Also requires motivation and reinforcement
IDEA Definition
Social Model
Common Physical Characteristics

delayed onset upright walking
smaller hands/feet
Atlantoaxial Instability
Orthopedic problems associated with joint laxity
poor strength generally
Full transcript