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MLA Format

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jonathan bowen

on 11 February 2011

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Transcript of MLA Format

MLA Why Use MLA Format? Allows readers to cross reference your sources easily
Provides consistent format within a discipline Gives you credibility as a writer
Protects yourself against plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism Proper citation of your sources in MLA style can help you avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense. It may result in anything from failure of the assignment to expulsion from school.
MLA Style: Consists of Two Major Parts Works Cited Page
Internal Citations 1. Works Cited Page
2. Internal Citations Copy...

1. Works Cited

A complete list of every source that you make reference to in your essay
Provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your essay.
Sample....

Works Cited
Mouawad, Jad. "The New York Times Log In." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 07 Apr. 2009. 09 Apr. 2009 <http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/08/business/energy-environment/08greenoil.html?_r=1&scp=8&sq=Obama&st=cse>.
Scherer, Michael. "Barack Obama's New World Order - TIME." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. 03 Apr. 2009. 09 Apr. 2009 <http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1889512,00.html>.
Sullivan, Amy. "Obama's Faith-Based Office Gets Down to Work - TIME." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. 09 Apr. 2009. 09 Apr. 2009 <http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1890257,00.html>. Most citations should contain the following basic information:
Author’s name
Title of work
Publication information

Your Works Cited page should be organized alphabetically by author’s last names (and titles when no author is indicated). Copy

Citing a Book

Last, First. Title. Publication City: Publisher, Publication Date.

Example:
Signorelli,Joanna. How to Write a Research Paper. New York: HHH Publishers, 2002.

Note: titles of magazines, journals, books, movies etc. may be italicized


Copy

When Citing a Magazine Article


Last, First. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Issue Date: Page Numbers.

Example:
Signorelli, Joanna. “7 Steps to Great Writing.” Writing for Dummies. Jan 2002: 13-16.

Note: titles of magazines, journals, books, movies etc. may be italicized Copy

When Citing a Website

Last, First. “Title of Article.” Name of Website. Date of posting in this format (30 April 2003). Organization associated with website. Date of access in this format (10 April 2004) <internet address>.

Example:
Bowen, Jon. “How to Master Your Research Paper.” Research Pros. 21 May 2002. HHH. 31 Jan. 2010 <http://researchpros.org/masterresearch.org>.


Note: titles of magazines, journals, books, movies etc. may be italicized Copy
2. Internal Citations

copy-When quoting any words that are not your own

Quoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks

copy- When summarizing facts and ideas from a source

Summarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own words

copy-When paraphrasing a source

Paraphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but change the phrasing into your own words Copy

When Should I use Internal Citations? copy- Basic In-Text Citation Rules Immediately following a quotation from a source or a paraphrase of a source's ideas, you place the author's name followed by a space and the relevant page number(s).

copy-Ex: Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).

Your in-text citation will correspond with an entry in your Works Cited page, which, for the Burke citation above, will look something like this:

Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966. copy-Internal Citations: Author – Page Style This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example:
COPY
Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).

or

Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

or

Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263). copy-No Author? copy-
If the work you are citing DOES NOT have an author, your internal citations should use the title in quotations and the page number.

Example:
(“7 Steps to Great Writing” 64). copy

-Ellipses (…) can be used in your paper to omit (take out) a part of a quote as long as the information omitted doesn’t change the meaning of the quote.


-If you happen to quote from a source that already has quotes in it use

“double quotes around the part that you have taken out of the text ‘and single quotes for the part that is quoted within the text’ like this.” Long Quotes or Block Quotes… copy If you are using a quote that is over four lines in length, it is called a Block Quote. Copy
Block Quotes:
Need to be indented
Need to be single spaced
Should have a colon (:) before the quote begins
Do not need “quotations” Copy All-Formatting Your Research Paper 1. Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper. 2. Double-space the text of your paper, and use Times New Roman, 12 point font. 3. Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks (unless otherwise instructed by your instructor). 4. Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides. Indent the first line of a paragraph one half-inch (five spaces or press tab once) from the left margin. 5. Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requested. 6.Double space again and center the title. Don't underline your title or put it in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case, not in all capital letters. 7.Double space between the title and the first line of the text. 8.Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide.” Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab. 1995-2010. Purdue University. 31 Jan. 2010. <http://owl.english
.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/>
Works Cited
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