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Transcript of Korean War
Turkey Republic of Korea People's Republic of China The Soviet Union Democratic People's Republic of Korea War Events Korean War Events Japanese Rule In 1910 Korea was annexed by Japan and was used for it's agricultural and mineral wealth. When the Japanese decided to invade China, millions of Koreans were forced into labor. In the year of 1945 the Soviet Union declared war on the Japanese and in the following day, invaded North Korea. The Soviets agreed to stay above the 38th parallel and by the time the Americans were able to enter Korea, the Soviets already had started the development of a communist government. The War Begins The United Nations declared the South Korean government was the only legitimate government of Korea. The Soviet Union disagreed and declared that the North Korean government was the only legitimate government. These conflicts gave rise to tension. In June of 1950 North Korea, backed up by the Soviets, attacked South Korea. With the attack the Security Council voted immediate cease fire and withdrawal of forces to the 38th parallel. Simultaneously, President Truman ordered the removal of American citizens from South Korea. Meanwhile, South Korean forces were being overrun by Russian made tanks and aircraft. One of the goals of North Korea was to capture the port of Pusan. This is where the supplies to UN troops entered. General MacArthur wanted to secure this port so that supplies would not be cut off. With the advance of North Korea, the capital Seoul, fell into their hands. They had even gone far enough to be within fifty miles of Pusan. Although the North Koreans had taken much of South Korea, they had at the same time overextened and exposed their supply line. General MacArthur used this to his advantage by launching an attack behind North Korean lines. With little defense, the attack paid off allowing Seoul to be recaptured and forcing the North Koreans to retreat across the 38th parallel. With such a victory, the United Nations thought about taking all of Korea. Soon enough the capital of North Korea was captured and North Koreans were fleeing into China. Korea is Taken China's Involvement General MacArthur promised President Trueman that the fighting would be over by November, but he was wrong. On October 16th, 1950 about 300,000 Chinese troops crossed into North Korea. In November, MacArthur ordered troops to attack and on the next day the Chinese forces counter-attacked causing United Nations troops to retreat. By the end of the year UN troops were forced out of North Korea and soon Seoul was captured once again. The Chinese this time had made the same mistake as the North Koreans. They had overextened and exposed their supply lines, and once again MacArthur used it as an advantage to take control of Seoul. Korea Today North Korea South Korea This time the UN did not want to cross the 38th parallel and began to renew its peace offers. This then led to a Chinese threat to increase its commitment. UN forces then pushed the Chinese into an are called the "Iron Triangle", and when this area fell to UN forces the Chinese extended peace offers. Unfortunately, the Chinese later acused a UN fighter aircraft of attacking a Chinese city causing the truce negotiations to be called off. Another attack followed and the UN was able to stop it. More Troubles After loosing the last battle, the North Koreans and Chinese decided to resume peace talks. One of the biggest issues they discused was the release of prisoners. The United States refused to release around 70,000 Chinese prisoners. However, when the leaderships changed for both sides the negoitations changed as well. Following the new leaderships was a prisoner exchange and an armistice signing. This had finally put an end to the Korean War. Neither of the sides could claim victory, and the United States had failed to put Korea under one government. Exchanges and Endings Why Did Korea Divide? The divison of Korea originated from the allied victory in WWII. When the Japanese rule over Korea was broken, the United States and the Soviet Union took control; the US taking the south and the Soviets taking the north. The purpose of this trusteeship was to establish a "free and independent government". Eventually both sides ended up "claiming" both the north and the south. Questions Which Korean country has a communist government?
A. East Korea
B. South Korea
C. North Korea
D. West Korea What line separates North and South Korea?
A. 99 parallel
B. 67 parallel
D. 38 parallel South Korea is to US as North Korea is to ____.
B. Soviet Union
D. China Who controlled Korea before its division?
D. Japan About how many Chinese soldiers invaded North Korea after the North Koreans fled to China?
D. 30,500 Which two countries were allied with the US?
A. Soviet Union & Netherlands
B. China & Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
C. South Africa & Australia
D. Republic of Korea & Russia