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Personality Theories Group Presentation
Transcript of Personality Theories Group Presentation
43.7% of freshman frequently attend religious services
25.4% of juniors frequently attend religious services
20.2% of freshman never attend religious services
37.5% of juniors never attend religious services What is Religion? How do you define religion?
Would anyone like to share their own experience/encounter with religion?
Why do you believe/not believe? Religion Kerri Cunningham
Marie Rose Muir
David Herrera Measures of Spirituality How would you define spirituality?
- Very abstract concept which makes it difficult to define
- “Devotion to metaphysical matters, as opposed to worldly things.
- “Activities which renew, lift up, comfort, heal and inspire both ourselves and those with whom we interact” Interview Introduction to Theory:
Psychodynamic Theory -Emphasis on the interaction between the conscious and unconscious
-Structural makeup of the mind is a combonation of opposing forces
-Id, ego, superego
-What is behavior?
-"Life instinct" and "Death instinct"
-Psychotherapy techniques Religion and Psychodynamic Theory -Religion as a projection of guilt
-What is God?
-Need to be protected?
-Repression of the libido
-Cultural acceptance of the death instinct Other Perspectives? -Carl Jung
-More emphasis on social conditions Intervention Pro-Freud
Freud thinks religion is an aid to overcome psychological conflict and fill our wishes
Religion is an outshoot of the Oedipus complex, and represents man's helplessness in the world, having to face the ultimate fate of death, the struggle of civilization, and the forces of nature
Use free association/analyze dreams
Address the Oedipus complex and the guilt we have about "killing the father"
An "education of reality"
Must admit to ourselves the full extent of our helplessness and our insignificance in the universe Rationale for Significance There are more questions than answers in society about religion
Untapped resource for recovery
Confirming moral beliefs
Sense of Identity
Why people lose their religion in college?
Explore sexual freedom
Freud believed religion played a role in the ethical conduct and way of life of people.
Offers us a sense of happiness. Evaluation and Critique of the Theory - Freud saw religion as a roadblock to society because he came up with the idea that God is the projection of the unconscious mind. This makes sense because he believes in Atheism
- Without abandoning his atheism, he begins to see the Jewish faith that he was born into as a source of cultural progress in the past, and of personal inspiration in the present
-He thinks that once you lose your religious faith as soon as they lose their authority of their fathers
- He believes it is a projection because he thinks adults try and go back to the childish state of thoughts in response to feelings of helplessness and guilt
- Sees religion as a childish delusion and when you grow up you will eventually become atheistic. Basically sees religion as an illusion. Sources Cervone, D. & Pervin, L.A. (2012). Personality: Theory and Research,
12th edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. (ISBN-13: 978-0470485064)
http://www.philosophyofreligion.info/arguments Weaknesses in the Psychodynamic Theory -Greatest weakness is that the theory is unscientific in its analysis of human behavior.
-Concepts are subjective and impossible to scientifically test
-Researchers doubt the validity of the unconscious information to an individual’s behavior or their level of functioning.
-Researchers think his case studies cannot be generalized and are also researcher biased. His case studies are based on studying one person in great detail.
-Lacks objectivity because researchers have come up with different interpretations
-Lack of clarity in his ideas. With Freud’s example of the Oedipus complex and how this results in the boy’s superego, he does not go into how this happens.
-Freud only focuses on males. He never gives women an equal status within his theory. How do they relate? In what structural component of the mind does religion lie? Depends on our definition of religion
-Superego Interventions Pro Religion: C.S. Lewis
Challenging the view that Jesus, although a great moral teacher, was not God
“A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic…or the Devil of Hell”
The Idea of a Universal morality
(Main theses in his apologies)
A common morality is known throughout humanity, and people know what it is and when they break it. Therefore, there must be someone behind such a universal set of principles Measures of Spirituality (cont) 62.8% of freshman and 74.8% of juniors agree with the statement: “most people can grow spiritually without being religious”
2 factors affecting this trend
1) During college, many students are away from home for the first time without the influence of parents
2) A greater deal of time is invested in studies once in college than before Interventions on the College Campus Several universities, whether or not affiliated with a certain faith, offer cultural and religious outlets in the form of student organizations and clubs. More often than not, these clubs are geared towards promoting the practice of religion.
Boston College, for example, is a Jesuit institution that is committed to maintaining and strengthening its Catholic mission. And while this affects certain aspects of social life on campus, such as the fact that there is no Greek life, this fact does not define the beliefs of 100% of the students who attend.
Organizations on campus such as Campus Ministry, Cura, Asian Baptist Student Koinonia, ACF, Against the Current, Buddhism Club, Hillel, Interfaith Coalition, IV, MCF, Muslim Students Association, OCF, Voices of Imani, and more, all serve as opportunities for BC students to explore their faith options and meet fellow students who are experiencing similar life changes. Article: Are students losing their religion on campus? Ashley Parrish
Attended a Christian high school, gave sermons at her local church, did missionary work abroad
She and her boyfriend attended U of GA
Freshman year, they engaged in premarital sex, drank 5 nights a week, their grades suffered, & they never attended church, but had a great social life