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The Saxophone!!!

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Brandon Rothwell

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of The Saxophone!!!

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By: Brandon Rothwell The Saxophone!!! Famous Saxophone Players Charlie Parker was a famous saxophonist that played in the 1940's and 1950's. He was famous for his speed. He played tenor but primiraly alto saxophone.

John Coltrane enlisted in the US Navy and played in the navy jazz band. He played the tenor saxophone. He had a heroin addicition and told his wife and mom to lock him in a closet and only give him bread. He said his experience with God got rid of his addiction. He won a Grammy for his song "Bye Bye Blackbird". He died at age forty.

Coleman Hawkins played the piano and cello before recieving a tenor saxophone for his ninth birthday. Beginning in 1921, Hawkins played by himself and in groups. Hawkins also played along side Louis Armstrong. He was known for his loud, fiery tone on swingy songs. He died in 1968 because of pneumonia. History of the Saxophone The saxophone was invented by Adolph Sax in 1840. It was invented when he was putting pieces of instruments together. It was invented when he put a brass instrument with a clarinet reed. Before he made the saxophone, he had a rough life. At age 2, he feel out of a second-story window and fractured his skull. At age 6, he drank boric acid by mistake. At age 9, he fell off a small cliff and broke his leg. At age 11, he got measles and was in a coma for nine days. At age 14, he broke his arm in a carriage door. At age 19, he was hit in the head by a falling brick. At age 23, he drank tainted wine and almost died. Finally, he invented the saxophone at age 29. Before inventing the saxophone, he made improvements to the bass clarinet. During his career of making saxophones, he made 14 different versions. ( Eight different kinds are made today.) Saxophone Materials The saxophone is considered a woodwind because it has a wood reed. The keywork is made of plated steel and the pads are made of felt. Saxophone Companies Yamaha is a famous Japanese company that makes four kinds of saxophones.
Selmer is a French company that makes many different kinds and colored saxophones.
Jupiter is an American company and they make four kinds of saxophones.
Keilwerth is a German company that makes three models of saxophones of four different kinds. Types of Saxophones There are many different kinds of saxophones and many different colors too! Saxophones range from the smallest (sopranissimo) to the biggest (contrabass) and everything in between. The most common played saxophones are alto and tenor. You can get them in almost any color Fun Facts! Bill Clinton played the saxophone Famous Songs Played on the Saxophone Baker Street by Gerry
Born to Run by Bruce Springsteen
Fireplace by R.E.M.
Whisper by Morphine
I Wanna Go Back by Eddie Money
Bird's Best Bop On Verve by Charlie Parker Sopranissimo The sopranissimo saxophone is the smallest saxophone. It is only 12 inches long, (13 with the mouthpiece). They are more expensive than the alto saxophone or tenor because there is less market demand therefore making them more expensive to make. Adolphe Sax Born: November 6th,1814 Died: February 4th,1894 Important Dates Saxophone patented 1846 A saxophone school was opened in Paris on February 14th, 1847 In 1858, Adolphe became a professor at the Paris Conservatory When Adolphe died in 1894, his son took over his business The most expensive saxophone costs 60,000 dollars The record number of saxes in an ensemble is 1000 saxophonists. The longest note ever played was played by Kenny G and he played an E flat for 45 minutes Rahassan Ronald Kirk, a blind saxophonist , can play multiple saxes at once Bill Clinton playing saxophone! Has gold and diamonds on it and took 65 hours to make. (handmade) Rahassan Ronald Kirk playing multiple saxophones of different sizes. Kenny G and his saxophone. The largest saxophone ensemble. They called the gathering "Saxophony". Other famous people who played the saxophone include Lou Costello, David Letterman, Mr Saxobeat by Alexandra Stan Yakety Sax by Boots Randolph Songs with Saxophones being played in them! Sopranino The sopranino saxophone is a very uncommonly played type of saxophone. They are not curled traditionally but they can be made curled. It has a sweet sound and has a very high pitch. Even though it is very uncommonly played, major saxophone companies still make them. Alto The alto saxophone is one of the most commonly saxophones played today. It is smaller than the tenor but bigger than soprano. Alto saxophones are good saxophones to start on when a beginner. Tenor The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized saxophone. The tenor is also, like alto, a very commonly played saxophone. The tenor uses a bigger mouthpiece, reed, and neck than the alto or soprano. Baritone The baritone saxophone is one of the biggest saxophones. It is the lowest pitched saxophone in common use. It is an important part of jazz bands, military bands, and is common in musical theater. Bass The bass saxophone is one of the biggest saxophones. It is not commonly used, but it was used a lot in the 1920s. The instrument was first used in 1844. Contrabass The contrabass is the biggest saxophone standing at 6 feet 4 inches tall. Adolphe Sax did made a contabass saxophone but not a fully equiped or finished one. Due to its great expense, only 3 companies manufacture it today. All Different Colored Saxophones Famous Saxophone Players John "Plas" Johnson's career started when he played with his brother, who was a pianist. They started playing in New Orleans. He was the first person to play a saxophone solo for the intro of "Pink Panther". He also played picolo in "Rockin' Robin". He is still playing today. He plays the tenor saxophone.

Stan Getz played the tenor saxophone. His long time practicing helped him get a spot in the All City High School, where he got a private tutor. He had alcohol and heroin addiction and died of liver cancer in 1991. He did get a Grammy while working with Astrud Gilberto. There are many more famous saxophonists! Pink Panther by Henri Mancini http://easybib.com/key/edb9f9 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/824250 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/824310 Soprano The soprano saxophone is the third smallest saxophone. The sopranos were was used for solos in classical music. Modern sopranos are one pitch higher than the tenor. The soprano was used by the famous John Coltrane. http://www.tubechop.com/watch/824319 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/824348 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/824353 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/824500 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/831111 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/832829 Lived 80 years, life expectancy for that time is 40-50 years. http://www.tubechop.com/watch/840581
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