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brain and spinal cord tumors

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by

ashley cappelletti

on 6 February 2011

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Transcript of brain and spinal cord tumors

Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention headaches, seizure, nausea, vomiting, vision or hearing problems and problems with balance Brain and spinal cord tumors are either genetic, from radiation or from cancer causing chemicals spinal cord tumors will cause pain, sensory changes, and motor problems Primary tumors are out of our control. Tumors are growths of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain and their cause is still a mystery. Statistics 22,020 malignant tumors of the brain or spinal cord (11,980) in males and 10,040 in females will be diagnosed
About 13,140 people (7,420 males and 5,720 females) will die from these tumors A chance of a person developing a tumor in their lifetime is less than 1% Brain and spinal cord tumors Treatment surgery,
biopsy, a surgical procedure in which a sample of tissue is taken from the tumor ,
neurological examination
EEG,
the spinal tap
chemotherapy, steroids to reduce swelling cancer
radiation therapy,
immunotherapy and vaccine therapy A brain tumor is a solid neoplasm within the brain or in the spinal canal. Clinical trails American Brain Tumor Association
www.abta.org/?gclid
Brain Tumor Support
www.braintumor.org one-on-one
American Cancer Society
www.cancer.org American Brain Tumor Association
www.abta.org/?gclid
Brain Tumor Support
www.braintumor.org one-on-one
American Cancer Society
www.cancer.org Sitations
Rosen,Leo and Gloria.www.cancer.org.Americancancersociety
www.acor.org.Associationofcaceronlineresources
www.mdanderson.org@2011 the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center About 1 in every 150 men and 1 in every 185 women will develop a maligant tumor.
Survival verys on the severity of the tumor. In 2008 more than 21,800 malignant tumors of the brain and spinal cord were said to be diagnosed There are four general categories of tumors based on what cells are affected Astrocytoma
star shaped cells that protect neurons
tumor will spread to primary areas of the brain
rarely spread outside the central nervous system Metastatic brain tumors have spread from the cancer in the body
mostly from lungs, breast, and colon There are four different stages of astrocytoma Grade 1(Pilocytic Astrocytoma)
slow growth
little infitrate surrouding brain tissue
mostly common n chlidern grade 2 (diffuse astrocytoma)
fairly slow growth
some tendency to surroud brain tissue
mostly seen in young adults grade 3(anaplastic/malignant astrocytoma)
grows fast
attacks brain tissue
grade 4(glioblastoma multiforma GBM)
grows extremely fast
deadly
most commom in adults
67% of all astrocytoma Gliomas
glial cells, help support and protect critical areas off brain
most common n adults
about 42% of adult brain tumors Meningiomoas
affect meninges
tissue protects outer cover of brain and spine
25% of tumors are meninglomas
85% tumors are benign
any age
mostly people over the age of 65
women are twice as likely
grows slowly
often no symptoms
are found on accident
surgery treats Medulloblastoma
common for childern
occurs in cerebellum after birth
crucial role in movement
experts believe arise from fetal cells
grow quickly
can spread too neighboring parts of the brain/central nervous system
seen slightly more in boys Acoustic Neuroma/Schwannomas
Schwann's cells in sheath that cover nerve cells
skull base tumor
arise from the 8th cranial nerve
responible for hearing
buzzing/ringing in ears
balance problems
tyically benign
respond well to surgery
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