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Bob Marley presentation

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leora muller

on 10 May 2011

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Transcript of Bob Marley presentation

Bob Marley gave the world brilliant and evocative music: his work stretched across nearly two decades and yet still remains timeless and universal. Bob Marley was undoubtedly the most influential Jamaican musician of all time. Bob Marley's popularity was widespread, and continues to be so, 25 years after his death. Bob Marley's real name was Robert Nesta Marley. The iconic image of Bob Marley is a photograph of him smoking a large marijuana spliff. Bob Marley smoked marijuana because he practiced the Rastafarian religion, wherein the use of "ganja" (the Rastafarian term for marijuana, taken from an old Sanskrit word) is a holy sacrament
Bob Marley did not use cannabis recreationally, and did not see its use as a casual matter. He viewed marijuana as a holy rite, much as Catholics view Holy Communion. Viewing himself as a holy person (as do all Rastafarians), Marley strongly believed that marijuana opened up a spiritual door which allowed him to become the artist and poet he was. me is a common sence man,
that mean when me explain things,
me explain it in a very simple way,
that mean if i explain it to a baby
the baby will understand.
- Bob Marley Bob Marley converted to Rastafarianism from Christianity in the mid-1960s, well before he achieved any international fame as a reggae musician. His conversion coincided with the conversions of thousands of his fellow Jamaicans of African descent, and as his fame grew, he began to stand as a symbol for both his culture and his religion. Bob Marley spent much of the late 1970s trying to promote peace and cultural understanding within Jamaica, despite being shot (along with his wife and manager, who also survived) before a peace concert. He also acted as a willing cultural ambassador for the Jamaican people and the Rastafarian religion. He holds nearly godlike status among many Jamaicans and Rastafarians worldwide. It is important to consider the roots of this legend: the first superstar from the Third World. Bob Marley was one of the most charismatic and challenging performers of our time and his music could have been created from only one source: the streets culture of Jamaica. In 1963, Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith formed a rock steady group, calling themselves "The Teenagers". They later changed their name to "The Wailing Rude boys", then to "The Wailing Wailers", at which point they were discovered by record producer Coxsone Dodd, and finally to "The Wailers". By 1966, Braithwaite, Kelso, and Smith had left The Wailers, leaving the core trio of Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, and Peter Tosh. Bob Marley was as prolific at fathering talented children as he was at writing and performing songs. He biologically fathered at least nine children with at least seven women (though most estimates put the total number of biological children at 11) and he adopted two more. Of his acknowledged children, seven are internationally-acclaimed musicians Marley's music was heavily influenced by the social issues of his homeland, and he is considered to have given voice to the specific political and cultural nexus of Jamaica. His best-known hits include "I Shot the Sheriff", "No Woman, No Cry", "Could You Be Loved", "Stir It Up", "Jamming", "Redemption Song", "One Love" and, together with The Wailers, "Three Little Birds", as well as the posthumous releases "Buffalo Soldier" and "Iron Lion Zion". The compilation album Legend (1984), released three years after his death, is reggae's best-selling album, going ten times Platinum (Diamond) in the U.S. The first indication that something was amiss with Marley's health came in May of 1977. While on tour in France, Marley re-injured a right toe during a soccer game. The injury refused to heal and instead quickly worsened -- the entire nail came off and doctors recommended amputation. Citing religious beliefs, a limping Marley refused the surgery and gamely continued on tour. Later that summer, Marley finally allowed an orthopaedic surgeon to perform a skin graft on the toe, and the procedure was deemed "a success." In September of 1980, a weakened Marley almost fainted onstage while performing in New York. The next day, he collapsed while jogging in Central Park. Marley was diagnosed with a brain tumour (a result of the untreated cancer in his toe) and given less than a month to live. Despite the grim news, Marley played one final show in Pittsburgh before being flown to Miami. There doctors verified that the singer had cancer in the brain, lung, and stomach. Eight months later, Marley passed away. Bob Marley was buried in a crypt in Nine Mile, St. Ann Parish, Jamaica (also his childhood home) with a few of his favourite things: his Gibson Les Paul guitar, a soccer ball (he loved soccer/football, both as a fan and as a player), a Bible (the Rastafarian faith takes all of its basic tenets from the Christian Bible), and a bud of marijuana
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