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China's one child policy
Transcript of China's one child policy
Phase 1 - prior to communist rule in 1949.
Phase 2 - The People's Republic of China founded by Mao Tse-tung - population 542 million. This phase covered the first two decades of Mao's rule (1950 -1970).
Phase 3 - Prior to 1979 a sustained national attempt to establish a new family model based on 2-3 children.
Phase 4 - 1979 Three years after Mao's death 'One Child Policy' introduced (Croll et al., 1985).
1990 The population has nearly doubled.
1995 Population has reached 1.2 billion (Siu,1999). Leadership change in Communist Party due to take place in 2012 which may see a policy change brought about.
China Is putting some measures in place to combat human trafficking and family planning.
China could follow the example of other neighbouring countries: - South Korea, Thailand, Singapore. The Future of the One Child Policy Chinese Children make up 20% of the world's Children.
Chinese women are having less children.
Smaller generation following Boom generation and longer life expectation.
Today for every 100 people aged 20-64 there are 15 people aged 65+.
By 2050 for every 100 people aged 20-64 there will be 45 people aged over 65. China's Ageing Population Benefits for following one child policy Introduced in 1979
Reduce strain on resources
Control burgeoning population
Hong Kong and Macau are exempt
Fines One child results in economic benefits
Women receive benefits if marry after turning 25
Preferential government treatment Detriments of not following China's one child policy Fines
Difficulty to gain government assistance Pay a fine
First child is born with birth defects or major disability
If first child is a girl in rural areas
Husband has been fishing at sea for five years
Personal connections Allowed a second child if... Many studies show that there will be a problem with a marriage later on because of the highly unbalanced sex ratio.
The policy may have an increased affect on mental health issues and any socially disruptive behaviour among men.
In China, government population control policies contributed to abandonment of infant girls and overcrowded orphanages, factors in the government's decision to facilitate international adoptions. What next for the child? We are the unfortunate ones, because we are only children. Fate destined us with less happiness than children from other generations. We are also the lucky ones — with attention from so many adults, we skip over childish ignorance and grow up. Simple-minded, we are unable to see the realities of life, and the lack of burdens denies us depth.
Liu Yi (2010, cited in Lim 2012) China's children make up 20% of the world's children.
According to a survey carried out in 2005, 58% of lone children admit to being lonely and selfish.
Only children are under pressure to be 'great' in a competitive society.
Today's lone children have six adults bringing them up - 4 - 2 - 1 syndrome. China's Little Emperors Children born under planned parenthood are strong Eugenics cause happiness births, to develop China vigorously Bette(r) birth and upbringing, sturdily growing Less births, better Class Survey Children in Crisis The 4-2-1 Family set up puts pressure on young people.
Fertility has plummeted due to the policy.
In 2009 there were 167million over 60's. There will be 480 million by 2050.
The number of young people have will have fallen dramtically.
Six workers for every over -60. By 2030, there will be barely two. 'Timebomb' - Trafficking
- Forced marriage
- Forced Labour
- Sexual Exploitation
- Issues relating to gender
- Orphans Baby girls are being aborted, killed at birth, abandoned or sold.
The country has 32 million more young men than women. Genderside (All girls aloud, 2012) Topical
Leadership change in 2012
Media Spotlight-including social media sites
Evolved in our Lifetime
Originated; Evolved; Opportunity to assess it's success and evaluate (Lim, 2012) Bailey, et al. (2012) Branigan, (2012)