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The verb "to be"

The verb "to be" a la mexicana with nopales
by

Miss Takeless

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of The verb "to be"

The verb "to be" with
N O P A L E S
Nationality
+ Be + Nationality
I'm mexican
You're american
We're french
They're brazilian
He's italian
She's russian
I'm not colombian
You aren't peruvian
She isn't german
He isn't cuban
NOTE: No utilizamos el artículo "a"
con las nacionalidades.

I'm not a mexican
I'm mexican
Origin
+ Be + from + country / place
Madonna is from The United States
Timon and Pumba are from Africa

Santa Claus isn't from Bolivia
You aren't from Canada
NOTE: Utilizamos los nombres de los
paises en mayúsculas y no usamos
artículo "a" en Origin.

Sushi is from japan
Sushi is from Japan
Profession
+ Be + a + profession
+ Be + profession
a
I'm a teacher
a/an
She's an accountant


(no "a")
They're doctors
We're students
NOTE: cuando hablamos únicamente de "Nationality", no usamos artículo; sin embargo,
si incorporamos "Profession" entonces
sí lo hacemos.

I'm mexican (no hay artículo)
I'm a teacher (artículo)
I'm a mexican teacher (se combinan ambas)
El artículo "a" se utiliza en singular

You're a lawyer
She's a flight attendant

Y se omite en plural

We're students
They're accountants
No olvidemos que el artículo "a"
cambia a "an" cuando la siguiente
palabra comienza con sonido de vocal.

Fer is a graphic designer
Ross is an archeologist
use it
don't use it
A
Age
+ Be + number (+ years old)

Cher is 67
Macaulay Culkin and Ryan Gosling are 33 years old
I'm 30 years old
My mom and dad are 55

NOTE: es correcto usar "years old" o eliminarlo.
Es un error usar solamente "years".

Paul McCartney is 70 years
Paul McCartney is 70 years old
Actions
Now
"Actions Now" es otra forma de llamarle al "Present Continuous" o "Present Progressive".

Esta estructura la usamos cuando hablamos de una acción que se está realizando en el momento en que la conversación está sucediendo.

¡Justo ahora!
+ Be + Ving + Time Expression
I'm preparing a presentation now.
Arturo is watching T.V. at this moment
Mary and Ana are walking the dog right now.
NOTE: para formar las oraciones negativas
se pueden usar dos tipos de contracciones.

You're not studying right now.
You aren't studying right now.

He's not reading a book at this moment.
He isn't reading a book at this moment.
Adjectives
Un "adjective" se utiliza para describir un "noun", bueno y ¿qué es un "noun"? es un sustantivo; es decir, cualquier cosa que tenga nombre: mesa, perro, amor, Martha, Pedro, John, bolsa, etc., y en inglés es igual: table, dog, love, Elisa, Lois, flower, idea, etc.

Adjectives: pretty, ugly, smart, intelligent, tall, short, long, handsome, athletic, happy, boring, etc.
+ Be + Adjective
Nayeli is smart
My parents are nice
That house is horrible
My hair is long and curly
You aren't short
NOTE: no utilizamos artículo "a" (en singular)
porque sólo mencionamos la descripción. (mira el primer ejemplo).

Si usamos otro "noun" (sustantivo) además
del sujeto, entonces sí usaríamos el artículo:

Nayeli is smart (no hay)
Nayeli is a smart woman (sí hay)

En el primer ejemplo, el artículo no es necesario, en el segundo lo usamos porque hemos agregado "woman".
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