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The Propaganda Movement
Transcript of The Propaganda Movement
Liberal rule of Carlos Maria De la Torre
- Many Filipino patriots turned Masons, including Marcelo H. del Pilar, G. Lopez Jaena, Rizal, Ponce, and others.
- they needed help of the Masons in Spain and in other foreign countries in their fight for reforms
- Revolution - Filipino Masonic lodge founded by Lopez jaena in Barcelona and was recognized on April, 1889 by the Gran Oriente Espanol headed by Don Miguel Morayta.
Towards the end of 1891, M.H del Pilar, with the consent of the Grande Oriente Espanol, sent Serrano Laktaw to the Philippines to establish the First Filipino Masonic lodge in Manila. In compliance with his mission, Serrano Laktaw founded in Manila on January 6, 1892, Lodge Nilad, the first Filipino Masonic lodge in the Philippines.
La Liga Filipina (Philippine League)
- Unus instar ominium (One like all)
- founded by Jose Rizal
- July 3, 1892 at Ilaya Street, Tondo
- the constitution was written in Hong Kong with the Help of Jose Ma. Basa
La Liga Filipina
The end of the Propaganda Movement
It was not a radical agitation to overthrow Spanish rule by bloody revolution but instead it was a peaceful campaign
Execution of GomBurZa
- awakened Filipinos
- inspire the organization of the Propaganda Movement
- Equality of the Filipinos and the Spaniards before the law
- Assimilation of the Philippines as a regular province of Spain
- Restoration of Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes
- Filipinization of the Spanish parishes and expulsion of friars
- Human rights for Filipinos
Polo (labor service)
Vandala (forced sale of local products by the government)
Members = "Propagandist" or "Reformist"
-They were scions of good families, highly intelligent, educated, patriotic, and courageous, who symbolized the flower of filipino manhood.
Mariano Ponce, medical student and biographical writer; Juan Luna and felix Ressurreccion Hidalgo, master of the brush; Dr. Pedro A. Paterno, lawyer and man of letters; Antonio Luna, Pharmacist and Essayist; Pedro Serrano Laktaw, teacher-tutor of Prince Alfonso de bouron (later king Alfonso XIII of Spain); Jose Ma. Panganiban, Linguists and Essayist; Fernando Canon, Engineer and Musician; Jose Alejandrino, Engineer and Political writer; Isabelo delos Reyes, Folklorist, news-Paperman, and scholar; and Dominador Gomez, physician and orator.
The Propaganda Movement
Graciano Lopez Jaena
- Brilliant orator
- Publisher of La
M.H. Del Pilar
- editor of La Solidaridad
- lawyer and journalist, beloved by the masses for his eloquent Tagalog and fearless defense of the poor against friar abuses.
"Dasalan at Tocsohan"
"Ang Sampung Kautusan
ng mga Prayle"
José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Realonda Alonso
- Most outstanding propagandist
- greatest novelist of the movement
"Noli Me Tangere"
"El Fili Busterismo"
"Sucsesos de las Islas Filipinas"
*Me Ultimo Adios
other essays out of country
*The Philippine a a Century Hence
*La Indolencia de Los Filipinos
*Letter to the Women of Malolos
- The official organ/magazine of the movement
- First issue was published in Barcelona Spain on Feb. 15, 1889
- Last issue was November 15, 1895
*to portray vividly the deporable conditions of the Philippines,
*To work peacefully for political and social forms
*To combat the evil forces of medievalism and reaction
*To advocate liberal ideas and progress and
*To champion the legimate aspirations of the Filipino people for democracy and happiness.
Pen Names of the members
Marcello H. Del Pilar- Plaridel
Jose Rizal - Laong Laan and Dimasalang
Mariano Ponce - Naning, Tikbalang or
Antonio Luna - Taga-ilog
Jose Ma. Panganiban - Jomapa
Dominador Gomez - Ramiro Franco
- Established in January 12, 1889
- a civic society in Madrid of the Propagandists and their Spanish friends
- Miguel Morayta was the first president
To facilitate its work, the association was divided into three sections:
- Political Section headed by M.H. del Pilar
- Literary Section headed by M. Ponce
- Recreation Section headed by Tomas Arejola
Foreign friends of the Propaganda Movement
- Ferdinand Blumentritt, he praised Rizal’s two novels (Noli and Fili)
-Among the liberal Spaniards who aided the Filipino Propagandists was Don Juan Atayde. In September 1882 he founded a civic association of Spaniards and Filipinos in Madrid called Circullo Hispano-Filipino and published the newspaper Revista del Circulo Hispano-Filipino.
- Miguel Morayta , Statesman, historian, journalist, and Rizal’s professor at the Central University of Madrid.
- Francisco Pi y Margall, statesman and former President of the First Spanish Republic (1873-1875)
- Emilio Junoy, journalist and member of the cortes.
- Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla, parliamentarin and leader of the Spanish Republican Party.
Organized by the Filipino Students in Madrid.
Revista del Circulo Hispano-Filipino
a newspaper aimed at expressing thoughts about the abusive Spanish goverment. However the publication was short-lived due to lack of funds and conflicting political issues, thus, leading to the dissolution of the organization.
- The first Philippine bilingual newspaper.
- was financed by Francisco Calvo y Muñoz, a wealthy Spanish liberal.
- Del Pilar published patriotic articles and edited the Tagalog section
Asociacion La Solidaridad
- Filipino Patriotic Society in Barcelona
- involve in the crusade for reforms
- Jose Rizal was voted as the president
1. Union of the Archipelago into a compact, vigorous and homogenous body.
2. Mutual Protection in all cases of pressing necessity.
3. Defense against all violence and injustice.
4. Encouragement of education, agriculture and commerce.
5. Study and application of reforms.
-July 7, 1892: Gen. Eugelio Despujol ordered the arrest and imprisonment at fort Santiago
-July 15: he was put in exile into Dapitan
-December 30, 1896- executed in Bagumbayan
-Marked the fall of La Liga Filipina
- Rizal's arrest marked the crucial period of the propagandists
- M.H. Del Pilar and Jaena died in Barcelona (1896)
End of the Propaganda Movement
-The radical Andres Bonifacio and other radical members separated from it, for they were disenchanted by the peaceful campaign
-The conservative Liga members, including Domingo Franco, Numeriano Andriano, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista. Timoteo Paez and Apolinario Mabini, organized themselves into a new group called Los Compromisaros because each member pledged or promised to contribute money for the financial aid of the Propaganda Movement in Spain.
The end marked the beginning
Andres Bonifacio, a member of the Liga Filipina , did not join the Compromisarios who were conservative intellectuals and affluent merchants because he was both poor and a man of action and radical views. He firmly believed that the happiness and welfare of the Filipino People could not be achieved by peaceful requests for reforms, but by violent revolution.
---> KKK :)
JAN RHEN DELA CRUZ