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Chapter 8 Section 3: The Coming of War

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Dean Burress

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 8 Section 3: The Coming of War

Violations of Neutrality
After France and Great Britain went to war, British ships started stopping and searching American ships for sailors who had run away from the British navy.
Sometimes U.S. citizens were captured by accident.
This impressment, or practice of forcing people to serve in the army or navy, continued despite American protests.
In Canvas, go to "Discussions".
Click on the discussion topic called "Bellwork for January 27, 2014".
Post your answer in the "reply" field and submit.
Identify and assess the arguments for and against the declaration of war against the British.
Know impressment.
Know how America responded to European threats to American neutrality.

The Embargo Act and Non-Intercourse Act
Americans debated about how to respond to these British violations of American neutrality.
In 1807, Congress passed the Embargo Act, which essentially banned all trade with foreign countries.
The embargo was devastating to American merchants, and had little effect on Britain and France.
In 1809, Congress tried to correct these problems by passing the Non-Intercourse Act, which banned trade only with Britain, France, and their colonies.
Conflict over Land
Even though Native Americans in the NW Territory had signed the Treaty of Greenville, many tribes protested Americans moving into their lands.
British agents began arming Native Americans in the territory.
An Indian leader named Tecumseh hoped to unite Native Americans in the northwestern frontier, the SOuth, and eastern Mississippi Valley.
The governor of Indiana, William Henry Harrison, raised an army and attacked the Native Americans at a creek called Tippecanoe. The U.S. forces defeated Tecumseh and his followers.
The Call for War
Several young members of Congress, called War Hawks, took the lead in calling for war with Great Britain.
Most of these were from the South and West, led by Henry Clay of KY, John C. Calhoun of SC, and Felix Grundy of TN.
The strongest opponents of war were New Englanders whose trade had been hurt by the restrictions on British trade.
Many Americans feared the U.S. was not strong enough to fight a powerful nation like Britain. The U.S. Army was small and ill-equipped.
President Madison, pressured by War Hawks, asked Congress to declare war on Great Britain, and it did.
Chapter 8 Section 3: The Coming of War
Full transcript