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Transcript of Sudan
Egypt attempted to colonize Sudan for a larger army and slave trade in 1820
The British then fought Egypt and co-ruled Sudan in colonization
After 136 years of being colonized, Sudan gained independence on January 1, 1956
-An Egyptian influenced pharaonic tradition persisted among a line of rulers at Meroe, who raised stelae to record the achievements of their reigns and erected pyramids to contain their tombs. These objects and the ruins of palaces, temples, and baths at Meroe attest to a centralized political system that employed artisans' skills and commanded the labour of a large work force.
-The area between the Nile and the Red Sea was a source of gold and emeralds, and Arab miners gradually moved in.
Kingdom of Kush
-earliest civilization in Sudan
-heavily influenced by Egypt
-Egyptian caravans carried grain to Kush and returned to Aswan with ivory, incense, hides, and carnelian (a stone prized both as jewelry and for arrowheads)
-gold was big
Thomas, Benjamin. "Egyptian and British Rivalry in Sudan." Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450. 3rd ed. Vol. 3. Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2007. 1060-062. Print.
During British rule, the country was split into a northern Muslim half, and a lower Christian half.
The British used slave labor to extract gold and emeralds for jewelery
Egyptians used the men of Sudan as soldiers and the women and children as slaves to trade
-Sudan gained independence in 1956 when Egypt and Britain agreed to sign a treaty short after a civil war.
- ever since, English has been considered one of the official languages alongside the popular Arabic.
-ever since the economy has plumted due to their main cash crop dropping in price drastically.
- the presidents who arose afterwards were very corrupt and harm the country more than help. one such leader would be Al-Bashir
-christianity found no root in Sudan, islam still dominates.
-currently many buildings being built are focusing on preserving their culture and religion. meaning very little is being built for economy's sake.
-the colonization did improve education, but only slightly, since means of education were already in place
ESIA. "Sudan: British Colonialism's Divide and Rule (1896-1939)." EISA. Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa, Jan. 2011. Web. 23 Feb. 2014.
Sharkey, Heather J. Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Berkeley: University of California, 2003. Print.