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Learning

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by

Amy Holmes

on 15 June 2011

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Transcript of Learning

Learning relatively permant change in behavior
due to experience not a result of maturation, like when babies "learn" to crawl or walk 3 types Classical Conditioning 4 main components pair two unrelated
stimuli together several times to
produce a response 1) unconditioned stimulus (US)
2. unconditioned response (UR) Automatic - no learning US: puff of air in eye
UR: blink 3) conditioned stimulus (CS)
4) conditioned response (CR) Requires learning CS: clicking noise
CR: blink My dogs like going outside (US). They jump around and wag their tails (UR). Since I don't have a fenced in yard, I take them out on their leashes. After a few years of putting their leashes (CS) on to go outside, they wag their tails and jump around (CR) just seeing the leashes. They have learned that leashes mean outside. CR is same as UR US & CS never the same Operant Conditioning 2 main parts responses based on consequences of behavior Reinforcement positive reinforcement give something to
increase behavior stickers, candy, money, praise,
smile, attention,
hug, "good job" FYI: Paying attention to a child's
tantrum can be
positive reinforcement negative reinforcement does not mean "bad" something is taken away & increases behavior take aspirin to get rid
of a heahache do chores to avoid hearing
spouse nag put seatbelt on to take
away beeping noise Punishment decreases behavior for a period of time can lead to aggression, fear, retaliation teaches people not
to get caught use sparingly should fit the crime be consistent deliver right after
inappropriate behavior Observational Learning Learn by watching
others
TV
Internet
Diagrams learn both good & bad
behaviors
Full transcript