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Infection Control

Nursing Capstone Requirement
by

Zee Almohdar

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of Infection Control

Infection Control
Background
.There are around 200,000 healthcare associated infections (HAI) in Australian acute healthcare facilities each year (Cruickshank & Fegurson, 2008)
. Healthcare-associated infection is a potentially preventable adverse event rather than an unpredictable complication (Craig, Rajender, & Patric, 2010)
.HAIs cause patients pain and suffering, prolonging hospital stays and increasing costs to the healthcare system (NHMRC 2010)
Rationale
.To reduce the spreading of infection in the clinical setting.
. To improve patients’ health outcomes in clinical setting.
. The minimum level of infection control required in the treatment and care of all patients to prevent transmission of blood-borne infections including HIV, HBV and HCC .
.To minimize the risk of norovirus outbreaks caused by person-to-person transmission in any institution or group setting.
.To assist departmental schools or other departmental workplace develop practices that prevent or minimize the risk of infection, illness and disease to staff, students and others.


10 NSQHS Standards
1. Governance for Safety and Quality in Health Service Organisations
2. Partnering with Consumers
3. Preventing and Controlling Healthcare Associated Infections
4. Medication Safety
5. Patient Identification and Procedure Matching
6. Clinical Handover
7. Blood and Blood Products
8.Preventing and Managing Pressure Injuries
9. Recognising and Responding to Clinical Deterioration in Acute Health Care
10. Preventing Falls and Harm from Falls


Mode of Transmission
Breaking the Chain
Standard Infection Control Precaution
Standard precautions apply for ALL work practices to prevent the likelihood of transmission of infection (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2010).

Hand hygiene + PPE
References
Castlebeck. (2012). Complaints staff [image]. Accessed on August 19, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.castlebeck.com/resources/pdfs/CB_ER_Lets_think_about_making_a_complaint.pdf

Chain of Infection [image] (2005). Accessed on August 8, 2013. Retrieved from Leeds, Grenville and lanark District Health Unit website http://www.healthunit.org/reportpub/ann_report/ann_report_2005/an_dcw_2005.htm

Contact standard precaution.[Image].(2012).Retrieved from http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Approach-1-Contact-Standard-Precautions-Photo-PDF-550KB2.pdf

Craig, U., Rajender,K., & Patrick,P. (2010) Updating the guideline development methodology of the healthcare infection control practise advisory. American Journal of Infection Control, 38(4),264-273. Retrieved from: www.sciencedirect.com

Cruickshank M & Ferguson J (eds) (2008) Reducing Harm to patients from Health care Associated Infection: The Role of Surveillance. Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Health Care. Retrieved from: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010

Droplet standard precaution.[Image].(2012).Retrieved from http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Approach-1-Droplet-Standard-Precautions-Photo-PDF-790KB2.pdf

National Health and Medical Research Council. (2010). Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare. Accessed on 19 August 2013. Retrieved from http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/cd33_complete.pdf

National Safety and Quality Health Service. Standards. Accessed on August 8, 2013. Retrieved from
Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care website http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/accreditation/nsqhss/

People Management Skills: The Power of Clarity [image] (2010) Accessed on August 19, 2013. Retrieved from Joan Henshaw website http://managing-employee-performance.com/a-z-of-people-management-skills-%E2%80%98c%E2%80%99-for-clarity/

University of Nebraska Medical Center. (2012). Donning and Doffing PPE [Image]. Accessed on 19 August 2013. Retrieved from https://app1.unmc.edu/nursing/heroes/pdf/heroesDonningDoffingYourHospitalPPE-Poster2012.pdf



Governance for Safety and
Quality in Health Service Organisations
Purpose of the Standard:

* Maintain & improve the reliability and quality of patient care and outcomes.
Framework:

* Safety and quality governancefor health service organisations.



Governance for Safety and Quality in Health Service Organisations Standard Criteria

* Governance and quality
improvement systems
* Performance and
Skills Management
* Clinical Practice
*Patient's Rights &
Engagement
*Incidents and complaints management
Personal protective equipment (PPE)

variety of barriers, used alone or in combination, to protect mucous membranes, airways, skin, and clothing from contact with infectious agents (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2010).
Transmission Based Precautions
Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection
The photo "Enhancing patient care" (2010)
Castlebeck (2012) having-your-say


a-z of people management clarity image (2012)
NSQHS Standard pdf (2011)
Partnering with Consumers
c2_Chain of Infection (2012)
access continuind education. _mode of transmission (2012)
Breaking the_chain (2011)
Australian Commisison on Safety and Quality of Health (2012
Australian Commisison on Safety and Quality of Health (2012
Australian Commisison on Safety and Quality of Health (2012
Full transcript