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The Rise of Empires, Modern Philosophy, & Modern Religions (800 B.C.E. – 650 C.E.)

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Dawson McCall

on 4 November 2015

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Transcript of The Rise of Empires, Modern Philosophy, & Modern Religions (800 B.C.E. – 650 C.E.)

The Rise of Empires, Modern Philosophy, & Modern Religions (800 B.C.E. – 650 C.E.)
Eurasia & North Africa From 800 B.C.E. - 650 C.E.
China - Qin & Han Dynasties
India - Mauryan & Gupta Empires
Roman Empire & Republic
Persia - Achaemenid Empire
80% of Global Population
800 B.C.E. - Approx 40 Million
650 C.E. - Approx 210 Million
Four Major Imperial Systems
Mediterranean (Rome)
China (Qin & Han)
India (Maurya & Gupta)
Persia (Achaemenid)
Non-Imperial Systems
States -
Axum, Nubian Kush (Meroe)
City-States
- Greece, African Mediterranean, West African Savannah, & Swahili Coast, Arabia
Pastoralist Nomads
- Turks & Mongols
Three Major Trade Networks
Silk Road (China to Rome)
Indian Ocean Network (S Asia, ME, & E Africa)
Trans-Saharan Trade (W Africa, Mediterranean, Egypt, ME)
Four Major Global Religions
Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam
Other Religions - Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Sikhism, Jainism
Two Major Global Philosophies
Chinese Confucianism & Greek Rationalism
Other Philosophies - Chinese Legalism & Chinese Daoism (Taoism)
The Afro-Eurasian World (800 B.C.E. - 650 C.E.)
800 B.C.E.
600 B.C.E.
400 B.C.E.
1 C.E.
400 C.E.
600 C.E.
800 C.E.
Roman Republic & Empire (ca 500 B.C.E. - 476 C.E.)
Chinese Imperial Dynasties:
Qin (221 - 206 B.C.E.)
Han (206 B.C.E. - 220 C.E.)
200 B.C.E.
200 C.E.
Roman Transition From Republic to Empire (Early 1st Century C.E.)
Mauryan Empire in India (326 - 184 B.C.E.)
Gupta Empire in India (320 - 550 C.E.)
Achaemenid Empire in Persia (553 - 330 B.C.E.)
Yellow Turban Revolt - Han Dynasty (184 C.E.)
Birth of Christianity (1st Century C.E.)
Birth of Islam (610 - 632 C.E.)
Hebrew Prophets - Beginning of Modern Judaism (8th Century B.C.E.)
Hindu Upanishads Composed (ca 800 - 400 B.C.E.)
Greco-Persian Wars (490 - 479 B.C.E.)
Kingdom of Axum in Ethiopia (ca 100 - 900 C.E.)
Nubian Kingdom of Kush - Meroe (ca 1070 B.C.E. - 350 C.E.)
City of Djenne Founded (ca 3rd Century B.C.E.
Conquest & Reign of Alexander the Great (336 - 323 B.C.E.)
Arab Muslim Caliphates (661 - 1517 C.E. in Iraq, Anatolia, North Africa, Persia, & Arabia)
Collapse of Western Roman Empire (476 C.E.)
Middle Ages in Europe - Feudalism (ca 500 - 1500 C.E.)
Continual Bantu Migrations
Bantu Migrations (ca 3,000 B.C.E. - 1100 C.E.)
Iron Developed in East Africa (ca 600 B.C.E.
Indian Ocean Trade Network
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
SIlk Roads
What Can We Learn From Looking At This Timeline?
Continual Dynastic System in China Until 1911 C.E. (Over 2200 Years)
Various Outside Conquests of Egypt (ca 300 - 629 C.E.
Axum Adoption of Christianity (330 C.E.)
Roman Adoption of Christianity (380 C.E.)
Kush Conquers & Rules Egypt (727 B.C.E. - 671 B.C.E.)
Empire of Ghana in West Africa (ca 500 - 1150 C.E.
Life of Siddhartha Gautama in India (6th - 5th Cent B.C.E.)
Rethinking the Word "Civilization"
Is life in a civilization better than life on the outskits of civilization?
Life of Confucius in China (6th - 5th Centuries B.C.E.)
Rule of Ashoka (269 - 232 B.C.E.)
Comparing The First Empires - Persia, Rome, China, India
Empires in the Middle East
Empires in East Asia
Persian Achaemenids
(550 - 330 B.C.E.)
Persian Parthians
(247 B.C.E. - 224 C.E.)
Persian Sassanids
(224 - 651 C.E.)
Rome - Republic
(5th Cent B.C.E. - 1st Cent C.E.)
Roman Empire
(Western - 1st Cent C.E. - 476 C.E.)
Greek City-States
(6th Cent B.C.E. - 2nd Cent C.E.)
Mediterranean Empires
Empires in South Asia
Dynasties & Time Period
Qin
(220 - 206 B.C.E.)
Han
(206 B.C.E. - 221 C.E.)
No Dynasties
(221 - 6th Cent C.E.)
Continuous Dynasties
(6th Cent - 1912)
Mauryan Dynasty
(322 - 185 B.C.E.)
Gupta Dynasty
(320 - 550 C.E.)
Local Kingdoms & Princes
(Various)
Characteristics & Principles of Rule
Autocracy -
Divine Right Rule
Militarily Expansionist
Religious Tolerance, No Slavery
Gov't Bureacracy - Taxation
From Republic to Autocracy
Divine Right (To 4th Cent)
Wars of Expansion
Heavy Taxation
Infrastructure - Roads, etc.
Autocracy -
Mandate of Heaven
Wars of Unification -
Qin Shi Huang
Civil Service, Bureacracy, & Confucian Scholars
Defined Political Philosophies
Local vs Imperial Rule
Social & Religious Tolerance
Defined Political Philosophy
Center for Global Commerce
Major Philosophies & Religions
Zoroastrianism
(Until 7th Century)
Judaism & Christianity
(In Small Pockets)
Islam
(After 7th Cent)
Roman Gods & Religions
(Before 4th Cent)
Greek Rationalism
Christianity
(After 4th Cent)
Legalism, Confucianism
(From 6th Cent B.C.E.),
& Daoism
(From 6th Cent B.C.E.)
Buddhism
(After 1st Cent)
Hinduism
(From 8th Cent)
Buddhism
(From 6th Cent B.C.E. - 6th Cent C.E.)
Social Structure
Stratified Social Structure
Royalty, Gov't Administrators, Soldiers, Farmers
Patriarchal System
Stratified Social Structure
Patricians, Plebians, Soldiers, Slaves, Barbarians (i.e. Foreigners)
Patriarchal System
Stratified Social Structure
Elite Officials, Landholders, Peasants, Merchants
Patriarchal System
Stratified Social Structure
Caste System - Varna
Caste System - Jati
Patriarchal System
Size & Location
35 - 50 Million People
Modern Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Parts of Northern Iraq, Parts of Western India
50 - 60 Million People
Modern Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Parts of Northern Iraq, Parts of Western India
50 - 60 Million People
Modern India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bhutan
50 - 60 Million People
Modern China, Mongolia, Korean Peninsula
Parthian Empire in Persia (247 B.C.E. - 224 C.E.)
Life of Zarathustra in Persia (7th Centuries B.C.E.)
Sassanid Empire in Persia (224 - 651 C.E.)
Continual Imperial Tradition in Persia (Over 1000 Years)
Indian Vedas Composed (ca 1500 - 600 B.C.E.)
Development of Greek Rationalism (600 - 300 B.C.E.)
Greek City-States
Birthplace of Buddhism
Birthplace of Hinduism
Birthplace of Islam
Birthplace of Christianity & Judaism
Axum Civilization
Kingdom of Kush
Full transcript