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The Odyssey, Book IX (9)

By Homer, Presented By Joseph Kim
by

Joseph Kim

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of The Odyssey, Book IX (9)

The Odyssey By Homer By Homer By Homer Presented By Joseph Kim The deities are watching as the narrative begins! Book IX (9) Summary Finally, Odysseus reveals himself to the Phaeácians, and tells of his misadventures after the fall of Troy. Summary He once had twelve ships at his command, and his crew, after leaving Troy, plundered Cíconës. He and his crew sail through a gale and went to the far land of the Lotus-Eaters. The seafarers next sail to the land of the cyclops Polyphémus; the monster holds Odysseus and his men captive in his cave, often feasting on the humans. Odysseus made a plan to blind the cyclops and deceive him to help with their escape; he starts by using a rich wine, then blinds the Cyclops, which helped the men escape much more easily. After stealing some of the monster's sheep, Odysseus taunts the blinded cyclops. Failing to capsize the ships Odysseus and his crew were on, Polyphémus fervently prays to Poseidon to curse Odysseus and his men, which the sea god does out of rage. Grotto Opulence Hawser Vocab in Context Definition: a cave or cavern; a cave-like structure Odysseus (telling his story in Book IX): "Racked by pain, the Cyclops moaned and groped for that great stone, then shoved it from the entranceway and sat with hands outstretched in hopes that he might catch the men who, with the sheep, came from the cave - he must have thought my wits were dim and slack. (Homer 182)" Cyclops: "My friends [the other Cyclops], no force can damage me; No-one,
No-one is using treachery. (Homer 182)" noun (n) In context: "At harbor head there flows clear water from a spring within a grotto; around it poplars grow. (Homer 173)" Definition in context: a crevice or cave from which water comes forth Picture: Definition: Definition: In context: In context: Definition in context: Definition in context: Picture: Picture: a heavy rope for mowing and towing "Then, at firstlight, when Dawn's rose fingers touched against the sky, I called upon my shipmates to embark, to loose the hawsers at the stern. (Homer 187)" a type of tying material for nautical purposes such as
anchoring and towing Works Cited Page Mandelbaum, Allen. The ODYSSEY OF HOMER - New York, New York: Bantam Dell (a division of Random House Inc.), Copyright 1990 noun (n) wealth, riches, or affluence; abundance, as of resources or goods noun (n) wealth and riches They [Calypso and Círcë] never could persuade the soul within my breast; for if a man is far from his own home and parents, then even if he is housed in opulence within that foreign land, no thing he finds can be more than what he left behind Of Homer Conflicts Internal Conflict External Conflict Throughout the Odyssey, there is a main conflict between Odysseus and Poseidon. Book IX shows how the conflict began. There is an internal conflict inside Odysseus's mind as he fights for his sanity. He is journeying from Troy to Ithaca with his crew, and the journey that would take a few weeks took almost a decade! He shows obvious grief and sorrow as he constantly is fighting for his life in unbelievable situations. The cyclops Polyphémus ruthlessly killed his men, and trapped them in a cave so that they cannot escape. Who wouldn't devise a plot to hurt the monster? However, due to Odysseus's proud heart, he taunts the cyclops and yells his name after blinding him and escaping with some of his livestock. When Polyphémus cursed Odysseus and his men, Poseidon heard him and torments the crew, which starts the long journey of the Odyssey. Theme What lessons can a modern reader learn? In what ways were the gods important? What lessons were learned? Morals and Judgement Arrogance only leads to disgrace and consequences. Never rush headlong into unknown territory. (You could lose some valuable men) Be wary of the host and of the guests. Never do anything to provoke a god/the gods/ the God. Where brute strength fails, one's wits will save him or her. The gods were the ones to decide Odysseus and his men's fate after they blinded the cyclops Polyphémus. They also were the one who accepted - or in some cases did not accept - sacrifices given to them for good fortunes. In much of the epic, the gods help the mortals, such as humans, demigods, and monsters, to achieve their goals and objectives. Extras! Note: many of the lessons are repeated from the slides prior. Never provoke your deity/deities. When there is a problem that can not be solved through force, use willpower. Be wary of strangers. (In the modern world, there are many new dangers, some worse than the dangers of old.) Think before you act. "Before his downfall a man's heart is proud, but humility comes before honor." - Proverbs 18:12 Homeric Simile "... And springing up, he stretched his hands and snatched two of my men at once and smashed them to the ground like pups: their brains gushed out and wet the earth. (Homer 178)" This is a typical simile used normally in most cases, but the imagery continues on... "He cut those comrades limb from limb, and then he supped- and like a mountain lion, left no shred: he ate the flesh and innards, chewed the bones down to the marrow. (Homer 178)" Now connecting the whole passage, there is a slightly visible Homeric simile, because it expands upon how the cyclops Polyphémus is like a mountain lion. Note: the exact location of these lines are on lines 289-296. Most of these lessons are similar to the lessons of old. (refer to What Lessons Were Learned slide.) True Roles of Women There is a Greek belief that is often overlooked... THE ROLE OF WOMEN: TANTALIZING TROPHIES, STEADFAST SPOUSES, or "BLAMELESS *******?" http://webpage.pace.edu/nreagin/F2004WS267/AnnaCho/finalHISTORY.html Women were nothing like they are today in modern society. Cho, Anna. "Women of Ancient Greece" webpage.pace.edu . Posted Date N/A Institution Sponsor N/A Date Accessed: 7-11-12 at 2:49 AM - In the web page, it is written, "In ancient cultures, women were seen as objects for they were “given” in marriage by the father to the bridegroom. (Cho)" In the epic, the women plundered from Cíconës were pretty much thought of in that manner. They had little, if any, control over their lives. Women back in ancient Greece were submissive if loyal and seductive if disloyal. Females were to nurture their children and carry out household duties such as cleaning and cooking. The male husband had all of the power and made all of the decisions; the female wife was to obey and support. Hey! Hey! Hey, Listen! *Navi says to look
to your right.*
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