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Global Stratification

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Phillip S

on 20 February 2018

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Transcript of Global Stratification

Global Stratification
Global Poverty and Human Development Issues
Education & Literacy
Life Expectancy
Global Stratification
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and prestige on a global basis

results in vastly different lifestyles and life chances around the world

A complex combination of forces leads to these differently stratified places, but one large contributor is colonialism
-when a foreign power maintains political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people (typically for the extraction of natural resources)
Just as within the U.S., the gap between high income countries and low income countries has widened
"Three Worlds" approach-
World Health Organization defines the term as-"a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity"
According to the Human Development Report of 2010,

"Educated people are more aware of how to avoid health risks and to live longer and more comfortable lives. They also tend to earn higher wages and have better jobs"
Of the global poverty issues we discussed, which do you feel is the most significant contributor to a nation's poverty? Why?
Extreme poverty and child mortality rates have improved in some historically poor nations
Different terminology impacts the way the problem may be addressed
Levels of Development approach
Infant Mortality and presence of war heavily impacts life expectancy figures
Many of the differences in education around the world stems from female access to education. As a nation's female literacy rate increases, typically the male rate also increases
This map from the World Health Organization shows access to physicians per capita with the countries magnified or diminished in size to reflect the ratio. For much of the world simply having someone nearby with basic medical knowledge/tools is one of the biggest healthcare issues
Multidimensional Poverty Index
The UN created a measure (MPI) to identify the overlapping deprivations that are most likely to persist. The three dimensions of MPI include:
Health, Education and Living Standards

being deprived of 6 out of 10 classifies a group as "multidimensionally poor"

over half of the world's multidimensionally poor live in South Asia
Global changes in population
New farming techniques have eased some concerns over overpopulation issues

Birth rates in Western Europe, most of Asia, and the U.S. have slowed, but populations have risen mostly due to immigration and longer life expectancy

India is on pace to surpass China in population by the late 2020s (this is difficult to project however due to China recently changing their single child policy)

Differences in populations around the world
In more industrialized nations women have fewer children on average and begin having children later on average

In nations with higher levels of gender equality of opportunity in the workplace, women also have fewer children on average

U.S.-1970 avg. age of first time mothers was 21.4
2006-avg. age of first time mothers was 25
4-2-1 Problem in China

Missing Women-Amnesty International

India model
Dependency Theory
-even as developing countries make economic advances, they remain subservient to core nations and corporations in an intertwined global economy
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