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Ch24 The Roaring Twenties
Transcript of Ch24 The Roaring Twenties
Question of the day:
How did Republican Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge bring the country and economy back to “normalcy”?
Question of the day:
What competing ideals came about during the 1920’s in regards to immigration, minorities, prohibition, and religion?
Beginning of the 1920's
Chapter 24: The Roaring Twenties
Question of the day:
What new independence did young people find in the changing society of the 1920's?
End of the 1920's
18th and 21st amendment
Question 2 Model T moving assembly line boom advertisements credit Herbert Hoover
Normalcy unemployment Warren G. Harding Calvin Coolidge Teapot Dome Scandal Kellogg-Briand Pact
Ch. 25 The Great Depression
Ch. 23 World War I
Ch. 24 The Roaring Twenties
The decade after WWI marked dramatic changes for the nation as the economy boomed. With Republicans in command, the nation returned to prewar isolationism, while policies supporting big business cleared the way for the growth of industries. Cultural changes affected the lifestyles and values of Americans. However, these changes also sparked conflicts and tensions.
Essential Questions for the Chapter:
Pop culture Jazz and the Blues Radio Talkie Babe Ruth Charles Lindbergh Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes Lost Generation expatriates Art Deco
Flappers Nellie Taylor Ross Bessie Coleman
1. How did Republican Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge bring the country and economy back to “normalcy”?
2. How did the economy change in the 1920’s?
3. What new independence did young people find in the changing society of the 1920’s?
4. How did musicians, artists, actors and writers contribute to American popular culture in the 1920’s?
5. What competing ideals came about during the 1920’s in regards to immigration, minorities, prohibition, and religion?
Take a look at the following political cartoon and answer the questions that follow.
1. What does the quote "better keep to the old channel" mean?
2, In two sentences or more, describe the point this artist is trying to make.
Post- WW1 Economy and Life
Warren Harding's Presidency
Election of 1920
Post WW1 Economy and Life
-WW1 brought many jobs to Americans through
- War Ends=
unemployment rates soar, economy tanks
many different cultures to meet
= results in the
"Roaring Twenties"- a time of of great prosperity and growth in culture
Calvin Coolidge's Presidency
The Roaring Twenties Presidents
Power returns to the Republicans
Harding and Coolidge
Cox and Franklin Roosevelt
"Return to Normalcy"
Harding said America needed
“Return to Normalcy”
Shift focus back on the
People don’t want changes of
or to get
involved in European affairs
no fighting in European Wars
Harding believed in
-little role in
business or personal lives
wealthy would bring americans back to work
Corruption during Harding's Presidency
was the nickname for a group of
Harding's corrupt friends
that were put into
Teapot Dome Scandal
allowed oil companies to
pay him for rights to drill for oil on federal land.
He was paid in
cash, stocks, bonds.
How does Calvin Coolidge become president?
Harding dies of a heart attack.
Coolidge was a
man from New England-
typical hard working and thrifty.
Believed if people
-Gov't should not
help the poor, charities
clean up Harding's corruption
Kellog- Briand Pact of 1928
-Nations pledge to
no longer use war
self defense (outlaws war)
FOF: Pick a number and a color
1. What was the main reason Warren G. Harding won the election of 1920?
2. Why did the economy take a turn downward following WW1?
3. What piece of legislation shows that Coolidge was focused on staying isolated from European affairs?
Question of the day: How did the economy change in the 1920's?
America is often referred to as a "Consumer Society." The best example of this is to go to Garden State Plaza. Ever been there? Any day of the week, anytime of day, its absolutely packed.
You would never know that most Americans live paycheck to paycheck by the crowds at that mall.
Economy of the 1920's
What is consumerism?
What gave rise to Consumerism in the 1920's?
Effects of Consumerism
- The American economy
" in the 1920's
- Individuals had a
- Americans began
spending more money
-Many goods became
available to buy
- that previously were only
"luxuries" and had by the very wealthy
All of these factors gave rise to
"A social or economic order that is based on the systematic creation and fostering of a desire to purchase goods or services in greater amounts."
In other words- buying an abundance of things that are not necessarily "needs" but more "wants"
Make it affordable
Convince them they want it
Help them figure out how to pay for it
-Prior to the 1920's many items were
luxuries for the rich because the average American couldn't afford it
- Henry Ford came out with the
"moving assembly line"
which cut down on
production time and costs
-Result: Model T car becomes
to the consumer. Ex-
1908- $850, 1925- $290
Focused on two areas:
1. Convincing the buyer of the effectiveness of the product
2. Convincing the buyer they needed it/deserved to have it
-Home appliances (washing machine, refrigerator, vacuum, toaster, etc)
-Cars, Radios, telephones
- Development the first form of
- Some places accepted
- Allowed buyers to
purchase an item and make "payments"
Product/ Method Effects
3. Home appliances
4. Beauty Products
5. Buying on Credit
Looking ahead: Consumer spending was a direct cause of the Great Depression
How can we learn from this?
For homework tonight I want you to think about this question. There are some startling similarities between consumer spending in the 1920's and consumer spending now.
In one paragraph tonight, (minimum 6 sentences) compare consumer spending in the 1920's to consumer spending now. In addition answer the following questions within your writing:
2. Are Americans today defined by their possessions?
3. How can we protect ourselves financially
from buying too much?
Is history doomed to repeat itself?
1. Is history doomed to repeat itself?
Movement to Cities
Women in Gov't
Expressing independence through dress
- Rise of the
outside the city
- Movement away from
parties, dance clubs, listening to music, the beach, horse races
-Women began to vote for the first time in
- 1919, Women gain the right to
vote with the passage of the 19th amendment
-Women found new opportunities in
Nellie Ross and Miriam Ferguson
became the first women to serve in the as
of their states.
- College attendance
doubled in the 1920's
Nurses, Teachers, Social Workers, Librarians
hair short into a "bob", wore makeup, short dresses.
- Some women who began to challenge traditional roles of
dress, speech, attitude, and behavior
became known as
Whiteboard Review- Q1
4. Why did the economy take a dip following the end of WW1?
1. Who were the 3 "Roaring Twenties" Presidents?
2. How did Warren Harding win the election of 1920?
3. __________________ is when Harding's friend Albert Fall, sold government land to oil companies for kickbacks.
Whiteboard Review- Q2
1. What is consumerism?
2. Name two factors of the economy in the 1920s to American Consumerism in the 1920s.
3. How did businesses make buying products affordable?
4. Advertisements during the 1920's focused on which two goals?
5. How did businesses help consumers afford new products?
6. List one effect of consumerism on society during the 1920s.
Whiteboard Review- Q3
1. Name one new independence women enjoyed in the 1920's.
2. _____________ were women who rebelled against the norms of society and dress, spoke,
Part 1: Pop Culture Internet Activity- http://wallerroaring20s.weebly.com
Question of the day:
How did musicians, artists, actors and writers contribute to American popular culture in the 1920’s?
The Rise of African American Culture
During WW1- new job opportunities brought
African- Americans to the North.
Known as the "Great Migration"
blacks settled in cities like Chicago, Boston, and NYC in great numbers.
During the 1920s- a black artistic movement began called the
"Harlem Renaissance" - which grew out of changes that had taken place in the African- American community since the abolition of slavery.
Jazz and Blues
develop from African-American culture in the South (Mississippi and New Orleans).
Energetic and lively music
represented the spirit of the times.
Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith.
DO NOW: Read the following poem written by Langston Hughes and answer the questions that follow.
I, too, sing America.
I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.
I'll be at the table
When company comes.
Say to me,
"Eat in the kitchen,"
They'll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed--
I, too, am America.
1.What effect does the intensely domestic imagery of the poem (the house, the kitchen, the eating, the table have on the theme of this piece as a whole?
2. What is the main message of this poem?
3. How do you think this poem influenced African Americans?
was a popular African-American writer during this time.
African-Americans used poetry and literature to
comment against prejudice and express hope for the future.
The Red Scare
- This began the
- Thousands of
foreigners were arrested and deported
-After WW1, Americans feared the spread of
anarchy (against the gov't).
The Sacco and Vanzetti Trial 1920
- Sacco and Vanzetti were
arrested and charged with murder in Mass.
and Italian Immigrants
Denied the charges against them-
and despite limited evidence- the two men were
convicted and executed in 1927
Emergency Quota Act of 1921
only a certain # of people
from each country to enter the US.
- Shows that America was trying to follow a policy of
-Allowed more immigrants from
The KKK has a
rebirth during the 1920's
immigrants, Catholics, Jews, African-Americans
-Wanted to keep America
white and Protestant
the ban did not work
- 18th amendment
in 1919 put a ban on alcohol
- Bootleggers were those
who made and sold alcohol illegally
- Wets vs. Drys -
Oppose prohibition vs. favor prohibition
- Alcohol consumption
stayed the same
bars which served alcohol illegally
The Rise of Gang Violence
develops to profit from the sale of alcohol
becomes a top crime figure
Crime leads to the
21st amendment in 1933 which repealed the 18th amendment
Teacher in Tennessee was
arrested for teaching Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
William Jennings Bryan
With your partners you have two minutes to come up with a 45 second "pitch" for your product.
Your goal is to:
1. Convince them they want it/ its effect
2. Make it affordable
3. Help them figure out how to pay for it
- made travel easier, people can move outside the city and commute to work, created leisure activities including cars
News, music, baseball programs become available via radio
made house chores easier
shifted focus to an emphasis on beauty
led to people being able to purchase goods, when they couldn't necessarily pay for them up front--> eventually is one of the causes of the GD
Grab a "Take One" when you walk in.
DO NOT WRITE ON IT
This is a list of slang terms used during the 1920's. Pick three terms or sayings and put them in three sentences.
Grab a copy of the Langston Hughes poem from the front of the room.
Open up to your notes and answer the questions on your notesheet entitled "The Rise of African American Culture".
John Scopes Trial
Take a look at the following political cartoon and answer the questions below.
1. What is "Uncle Sam" doing?
2.What foreign policy does this cartoon show?
Think about the ways companies get us to buy their products.
List three ways companies convince us to buy their products.