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March of Death

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Symphony Carolino

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of March of Death

The March of Death (by Bienvenido N. Santos)
The Author
Bienvenido N. Santos (1911-1996) was a Filipino-American fiction, poetry and nonfiction writer. He was born and raised in Tondo, Manila on March 22, 1911. His family roots are originally from Lubao, Pampanga, Philippines. He lived in the United States for many years where he is widely credited as a pioneering Asian-American writer.
The Death March
The Bataan Death March, which began on April 9, 1942, was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II.
Unveil what You Know
WHAT INFAMOUS EVENT DO YOU REMEMBER IN CONNECTION WITH THE FALL OF BATAAN ON APRIL 9, 1942?
Underscore a Motive for Reading
WHAT ARE THE TWO CONTRASTING MOODS CREATED BY THE POEM?
The scent of apples in the story The Scent of Apples refers to the low paying type of jobs that Filipinos had to take when they came to America. Picking fruit was one type of job, therefore, the literal scent of apples indicates the profession of the worker who spends all his time in the orchard picking apples.
Unlock the Meaning of Words
FLOGGED
beat (someone) with a whip or stick as a punishment.
Unlock the Meaning of Words
BEATEN
much traveled; well trodden (walked)
B F T U I N A R G F L O P E D
H E A G V U S M A T G T B S L
O C A I X M W E D L S Q Z A P
H J S T P R E I T V J K N M E
A G J E E H R Y S P B N Y X M
W E N C N E K O I L R T S D U
Unlock the Meaning of Words
GRIN
to draw back the lips so as to show the teeth especially in amusement or laughter
After the Americans and the Filipinos surrendered to the Japanese, they were led to the Death March.
Sharing insights
Sharing insights
Sharing insights
WHO AND WHERE IS THE SPEAKER OF THE POEM? READ THE PHRASES THAT SUPPORT YOUR ANSWER.
WHICH STANZAS REFER TO THE DEATH MARCH ON BATAAN ROAD?
WHICH STANZAS REFER TO THE BOYHOOD MEMORIES ALONG THE SAME STRETCH OF ROAD?
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE REFRAIN?
HOW CAN THE SPEAKER IN THE POEM WALK IN BATAAN SINCE HE OR SHE IS OUT OF THE PHILIPPINES?
WHAT EFFECT DOES WAR HAVE ON PEOPLE?
HOW CAN THE OCCURENCE OF WAR BE MINIMIZED?
WHAT EMOTIONS DO YOU FEEL AFTER READING THE POEM? WHY?
The purpose of the refrain is to envoke people's minds to remember everything in honor of the soldiers who died at the death march. The refrain also tells us that everything that happened in the past will always be remembered in our memories.
The speaker may be remembering the past memories with his brother on that same road where they used to walk on. Thus, an apostrophe.
1st stanza:
Were you one of them, my brother
Whom they marched under the April sun
And flogged to bleeding along the roads we knew and loved?
3rd stanza:
We were young together,
So very young & unafraid;
Walked those roads, dusty in the summer sun,
Brown pools & mud in the December rains;
We ran barefoot along the beaten tracks in the canfields
Planted corn after the harvest months
Here, too, we fought & loved
Shared our dreams of a better place
Beyond those winding trails.
10th stanza:
You would be silent, remembering
The may young bodies that lay mangled by the roadside;
The agony & the moaning & the silent tears,
The grin of yellow men, their blood-stained blades opaque in the sun;
Last stanza:
And we would walk those roads again on April morn
Hand in hand like pilgrims marching
Towards the church on the hillside,
Only a little nipa house beside the bamboo groves
With the peculiar rustling in the midnight
Or maybe I would walk them yet,
Remembering... remembering
Melancholy and excitement are the contrasting moods created by this poem.
The speaker of the poem is Bienvenido N. Santos. He might be anywhere but Bataan. In the following phrases, he was just remembering the past with his brother: "...along the roads we knew and loved?"; "...walked those roads, dusty in the summer sun,..."; "...we knew those roads by heart..."; "And we would walk those roads again one April morn,..."
It can affect the behavior or the mood of the people because of depression caused by the war.
We probably felt upset after reading it. Imagine everything that the Japanese did to our fellow Filipinos---very brutal, chaotic and they've treated us like an animal. While we read it, we recognize the hardships that our fellow Filipino went through before, and also, all the valiance they possessed were very inspiring to every citizen of this country.
The occurence of war can be minimized if people start to think rationally, if they start thinking about the result of their actions. We only have wars because of the pride and greed that is built up in the hearts of men. This may also be prevented if people try to spread goodness, instead of evil, into the world.
Independence Day
Death March
Mock Battle
Full transcript