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URBAN DECAY- Causes & Consequences

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megha shree

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of URBAN DECAY- Causes & Consequences

URBAN DECAY- Causes & Consequences
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
• INTRODUCTION

• EXAMPLES OF URBAN DECAY

• TERMS TO KNOW

• CAUSES OF URBAN DECAY

• CHARACTERISTICS OF URBAN DECAY

• CONSEQUENCES OF URBAN DECAY

• CASE STUDY-URBAN DECLINE AND
REGENERATION WITHIN URBAN AREAS

• REFERENCES

Urban decay

Urban decay is when parts of the city become run down and undesirable to live in. It causes economic (money), social (people) and environmental (our surroundings) problems.

Some of the most promising cities and towns have now turned into neglected wastelands that breed criminals and diseases. This is a phenomenon observed the world over and has various causes. Sociologists refer to this phenomenon as urban decay.

Urban decay (or urban rot) is the process whereby a previously functioning city,
or part of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude.

Decay
: Derelict buildings, poor housing & closure of industries, lack of open space etc.

Re-housed in multi storey buildings, poorly maintained or moved entire city to suburbs.
High crime rate, unemployed & poor physical environment & social problems.
Lack of employ in factories as most have moved.







CONTENT

Terms to know:
Urban is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. An urban area is more frequently called a city or town.

Urban sprawl
(also: suburban sprawl) is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. Residents of sprawling neighborhoods tend to live in single- family homes and commute by car to work.

Urban decline/ decay
involves the deterioration in the general condition of an area.

Urban renewal
involves the large scale redevelopment of an urban area so that it better meets
the needs of people.

Urban Consolidation
The increase in population densities in existing urban areas.

INTRODUCTION

URBAN BLIGHT
A special type of urban decay (also known as urban rot and urban blight) is the process whereby a previously functioning city, or part of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude.

Urban blight refers to the deterioration and decay of buildings and older areas of large cities, due to neglect, crime, or lack of economic support.

EXAMPLES OF URBAN DECAY
Slum housing
- with outside toilets, overcrowding, no hot water or central heating.

Many buildings have been poorly built and now have leaking roofs, droughty windows and crumbling stonework.
Empty buildings are vandalized; gap sites where buildings have been knocked down turn into derelict land.
As the factories and housing have been in the same areas air, noise and water pollution have been common.

By,
Meghashree.M.S

Scouting Locations for New York’s Next
Great Grungy Restaurant



Club of Lenin Comsomol, Kashira,
Russia in 2009

Amusement park in Tanzania

Factory in Spain in 2011

Urban Decay

Urban Renewal & Urban decline


Urban Renewal

Urban consolidation

CAUSES OF URBAN DECAY

Urban decay does not have one single cause, but rather a combination of many, including:

• Poor Urban Planning
• Redlining
• Poverty
• Suburbanization
• Racial Discrimination









Poor Urban Planning
Urban planning involves planning for land use and transportation.
A city could have made the company stay by offering more appealing offers, but instead, the moving of the company leaves more land unused and buildings abandoned.

Redlining
Redlining occurs when services such as banking, insurance and access to jobs and healthcare are denied to certain races or classes of people through increasing the costs.

Poverty
Poverty contributes to urban decay by helping to reinforce the shoddy and desolate urban landscape.
High levels of poverty contribute directly to higher drug and street gang activities.

Suburbanization
Suburbanization helps further urban decay by removing people who are better off economically, leaving the area to those who are usually poorer, which contributes to higher unemployment rates, a characteristic of urban decay.

Racial Discrimination

Racial discrimination contributes to urban decay by providing for higher rates of unemployment. African-Americans were most likely to be declined jobs and loans, both of which would help their economic status as well as the health of their neighbourhoods.

CHARACTERISTICS OF URBAN DECAY

Urban decay occurs when a part of a city falls into disrepair and abandonment.

Characteristics of urban decay include,

High unemployment rates,
High crime rates,
Depopulation,
Desolate-looking landscapes,
Abandonment of buildings and split families.









CONSEQUENCES OF URBAN DECAY

1. The old buildings are overcrowded and have poor living condition.

2. The old buildings run down and are deteriorating.

a. The buildings have shabby appearance (e.g. peeling paint, rusty window frame).
b. There are illegal or unstable structures (e.g. squatter settlements on roof-top).
c. There are improper sanitation facilities (e.g. inadequate kitchen and toilet facilities).
d. There are poor ventilation and illumination.

3. Residential flats are mixed with industrial use, causing noise and air pollution, health and fire hazards.

4. There are not enough open space and community facilities, e.g. parks, schools.

5. Traffic congestion is common in narrow streets.

6. Social problems are common, e.g. crime, vandalism.



Case study-Urban decline and regeneration within urban areas
Characteristics and causes of urban decline.

The case study of this is covered by the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Case study. This section deals with general characteristics and causes of urban decline.

Urban decline
is the deterioration of the inner city often caused by lack of investment and maintenance. It is often but not exclusively accompanied by a decline in population numbers, decreasing economic performance and unemployment.

Urban deprivation
is a standard of leaving below that of the majority in a particular society that involves hardships and lack of access to resources.

urban deprivation
have visible differences in housing and economic opportunities been the rich living alongside poor people.

Urban decline in Scotswood

Characteristics of Urban Decline

Poor quality housing
- with outside toilets, overcrowding, no hot water or central heating
Poor building maintenance
- many buildings would have leaking roofs, droughty windows and crumbling stonework
Many empty buildings, and these have the potential to be
vandalised
; gap sites where buildings have been knocked down turn into derelict land
Empty factories
High levels of air, noise, land and water
pollution
Social characteristics
of urban decay include high unemployment rates, high crime rates, depopulation, and split families.

Clearance of Scotswood, Newcastle,
an area that has suffered urban decline

Causes of Urban decline

1. Political decisions

2. Outmigration

3. Decline in Quality of housing stock

4. lack of urban planning in the past

5. The loss of an industry through changing market conditions

6. The concentration of low income groups

7. Racism and a lack of ethnic integration


REFERENCES

http://urban-decay.livejournal.com/
http://www.ehow.com/about_5187454_causes-urban-decay_.html
http://www.Newsmax.com/FastFeatures/economic-social-
environmental-rundown/2010/11/17
Coolgeography.co.uk
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