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Summary Causes of World War I
Transcript of Summary Causes of World War I
1. Explain what the four causes of World War One (WWI) were
2. Know what countries made up the Triple Entente.
3. Know what countries made up the Triple Alliance?
4. Understand how the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand sparked the “Powder Keg” in Europe and effectively started World War I.
Central Powers (Triple Alliance)
The Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
Allied Powers (Triple Entente)
The United States of America (1917)
The Ottoman Empire
United States Enters the "Great War" in 1917.
The 4 (Four) Main Causes of World War One (WWI)
“No commander was ever privileged to lead a finer force; no commander ever derived greater inspiration from the performance of his troops.”
John J. Pershing
Scramble for Africa
in the Philippines
World War One (WWI)
1914 - 1918
“Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knocked-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind.
Gas! Gas! Quick, boys-An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime...
Dim, through the mist panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.
If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gurgling form the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as cud
Of vile, incurable sores on the innocent tongues,-
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori. (translated it is sweet and right to die for your country.)"
- Wilfred Owen
A policy of armed and aggressive preparedness
In the early 20th Century (1900s) European nations began to assertively build arsenals to protect their assets, both domestic (within one's country) and foreign (outside one's country).
These nations wanted to increase the size, strength, and scope of the military.
This caused Europe to become extremely volatile and unstable in the years leading up to WWI. "Powder Keg"
The quest to build empires
In the late 19th Century (1880s) European powers scrambled to establish colonies in Africa.
Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal all attempted to possess parts of the African continent.
Japanese Imperialism in Korea and Manchuria (China), American Imperialism in the Caribbean and the Pacific, British Imperialism in India and Africa, Belgium Imperialism in the Congo, and French Imperialism in Indochina and Africa
White Man's Burden, Anglo-Saxon Myth, and Social Darwinism
Nationalism is an extreme sense of devotion, pride, and patriotism towards one's own nation or ethnic group.
In Europe, nationalism led to the formation of new countries including Germany and Italy.
Nationalism was strongest in the Balkan Peninsula in the early 20th Century (1900s), especially Serbia
European nations made back door economic, military, and political pacts, coalitions, and friendships with one another.
This led to Europe being known as a "Powder Keg." It would take only a small spark to ignite a "Great War" among the empires and nations of Europe.
The Triple Alliance vs. The Triple Entente
The Capitol of Sarajevo
On August 5, 1914
Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia and shortly thereafter the "powder keg" of European alliances exploded.
WWI Had Begun
The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Who: Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the presumptive heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg
What: Were shot dead in the head in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by Gavrilo Princip, A Yugoslav nationalist and one of six Bosnian Serb assassins belonging to a group known as the Black Hand
When: June 28, 1914
Where: Sarajevo, Bosnia
Significance: The death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand sparked the "powder keg" of Alliances throughout the Balkan Penninsula and Europe, effectively starting WWI.
Welcome to World History
Today we are going to learn about WWI!
But before we do let's look at Today's Learning Target, Expectations, and Instructions
Today we will be able to explain the four main causes of World War I by citing examples of each and completing the interactive prezi computer quest.
Imperialism in Japan
And now it's time for the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Let's go back to Europe and the country of Bosnia.
STOP - What is your Homework?