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Poverty in India
Transcript of Poverty in India
Lack of Sanitation
According to the World Health Organization, it is estimated that 98,000 people in India die from diarrhea each year. The lack of adequate sanitation, nutrition and safe water has significant negative health impacts.
Disease travels exponentially fast through slums and rural villages, causing them to be highly susceptible to an outbreak of even the most common sickness.
5,000 children under the age of 5 die every day in India due to preventable causes.
According to the World Bank, in 2009 an estimated 2.4 million were living with HIV/AIDS, with children (less than 15-years-old) accounting for 3.5 percent and 83 percent making up the age group 15-49 years. Around 39 percent of those infected were women.
Death and Disease by Destitution
In 2012, 37 percent of India’s 1.21 billion people fell below the international poverty line, which is $1.25 a day, according to the Indian Planning Commission.
The OECD says the top 10% of wage-earners make 12 times more than the bottom 10%, compared to six times 20 years ago.
India: Rich and Poor
Death and Disease
"Poverty is like a punishment for a crime you didn't commit"
Poverty in India
According to UNICEF, there are 25 million orphans in India.
According to the World Health Organization 49% of Children under five years old are stunted for their age.
43% of Children under five years old are underweight.
Life expectancy at birth m/f (years): 62/64.
Healthy life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2003): 53/54.
49 % of the world's underweight children, 34% of the world's stunted children and 46% of the world's wasted children, live in India.
According to the Global Hunger Index: India has the highest child malnutrition rate of the world's regions.
According to the United Nations, More than 56% pf households do not have electricity connections in India.
Mumbai is home to 22 million people, and over 70% live in slums. People living in the slums have limited access to electricity, clean water, food, and educational opportunities. Slums have overcrowded communal bathroom facilities and many have open sewage that contaminates sources of clean drinking water.
Child Labor in India
Because food is scarce and the need for families to pool their resources for survival is great, there is tremendous pressure on children – even as young as four years old – to work. Slum children work as rag pickers, sewage cleaners and other unhealthy and dangerous jobs all around Mumbai, earning a few rupees a day in order to stave off their families’ hunger.
An estimated 12 percent of children in India ages 5-14 are engaged in child labor activities, including carpet production according to UNICEF
India has the highest rate of child marriage in the world, where one in three girls become child brides. Many girls are married off at an early age, become servants or even prostitutes just to survive or help their families.
Have you been Listening?
1. There are over __ _______ orphans in India.
2. It is estimated that India has what fraction of the world's poor?
India is home to 504 million people defecating in the open; over 50%of the population
88% of the population of 1.2 billion has access to drinking water from improved sources in 2008, as compared to 68 per cent in 1990
67% of Indian households do not treat their drinking water, even though it could be chemically or bacterially contaminated.
Only 11% of the Indian rural families dispose child stools safely. 80% of children’s stools are left in the open or thrown into the garbage.
3. In 2012, what percentage of India's 1.21 Billion people fell below the poverty line according to the India Planning Commission?
4. What percentage of Indian households DO treat their water?
5.An estimated __ percent of children in India ages 5-14 are engaged in child labor activities,
6. What percentage of the worlds stunted children live in India?
7. What number of children (under the age of 5) die everyday from preventable causes?
8. The OECD says the top 10% of wage-earners make how much more than the bottom 10%?
9. According to the U.N. what percentage of Indian homes do not have electricity?
10. True or False: India has the highest child malnutrition rate in the world.
1. 25 Million 2.One-Third
3. 37% 4. 33%
5. 12% 6. 34%
7. 5,000 8. 12 times more
9. More than 56% 10. True